The representation of abstract ideas or principles by characters, figures, or events in narrative, dramatic, or pictorial form
The repetition of the same sounds or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables. Modern alliteration is predominantly consonantal; certain literary traditions, such as Old English verse, also alliterate using vowel sounds.
a passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implication.
The most prominent of the characters who oppose the protagonist in a narrative or drama. He/she is often a villian seeking to frustrate the protagonist, can also be a force of nature
A protagonist who has qualities opposite to those normally expected from a hero, such as stupdity, insecurity, dishonesty, cowardlyness
subject matter; theme
rhyme in which the same vowel sounds are used with different consonants in the stressed syllables of the rhyming words
a comparison or an example intended for explanation or corroboration.
the highest point in a series of dramatic actions, the turning point of the dramatic action at which point the outcome of the play becomes inevitable, followed by the denounement
the final resolution of the intricacies of a plot, as of a drama or novel.
style of speaking or writing as dependent upon choice of words; good diction
the creation of fictitious characters in literary work, giving them essential features so that they seem real
to show or indicate beforehand; prefigure
refers to a contrast between appearances and actuality
a contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen
when readers know more about a situation or a character in a story than the characters do
when someone states one thing and implies another meaning
speech or writing that departs from literal meaning in order to achieve a special effect or meaning, speech or writing employing figures of speech
a person or thing that makes another seem better by contrast
The descriptive words and phrases a writer uses to re-create sensory experiences by referring to "concrete" objects, scenes, actions, or states
a drama that recounts the downfall of a dignified, superior character who is involved in historically or socially significant events
is in conflict with an opposing character or force (antagonist). Twists of fate play a key role in the hero's destruction. The tragic hero recognizes his/her tragic flaw and its consequences, but only after it is too late to change the course of events.
the tragic hero possesses a flaw that may be poor judgment, pride, weakness, or cowardice
a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance
a figure of speech by which a locution produces an incongruous, seemingly self-contradictory effect
The use of identical or equivalent syntactic constructions in corresponding clauses or phrases
the attribution of a personal nature or character to inanimate objects or abstract notions
Point of view
the position of the narrator in relation to the story, as indicated by the narrator's outlook from which the events are depicted and by the attitude toward the characters
an extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally, as "to wait an eternity."
the quality or power in an actual life experience or in literature, music, speech, or other forms of expression, of evoking a feeling of pity or compassion.
A 14-line verse form usually having one of several conventional rhyme schemes.
an idea, stated as an assertion, which represents a reasoned response to a question at issue and which will serve as the central idea of a unified composition
a particular style or manner, as of writing or speech
a state or quality of feeling at a particular time
a subject of discourse, discussion, meditation, or composition; topic
an object, a setting, or even a character can represent another more general idea
A dramatic or literary form of discourse in which a character talks to himself or herself or reveals his or her thoughts without addressing a listener
a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared, as in "she is like a rose."
any composition, as a poem, in which a single person speaks alone.
the collision of interests, opinion, feelings that occurs in literary work, leading to physical or emotional strife.
the main character (often a hero/heroine) in a play or story, usually the one with whom the audience identifies
within a single character
with some other person, group, or nature itself
a word, place, character, or object that means something beyond what is on a literal level. In literature, symbols can be cultural, contextual, or personal
path thesis statement
a type of thesis that is a bit more specific and shows the overall structure of the paper. the first point the writer makes will become the topic of the first body paragraph. The second point the writer makes will become the topic of the second body paragraph. And so on.