5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- What are potential complications after hip fractures?
- What are urinary tract infections?
- what is part of the teaching plan for patient discharge after surgery?
- What are fractures?
- what is a complicated fracture?
- a involves injury to surrounding tissues such as blood vessels, nerves, muscles, tendons, internal joints, and organs.
- b dislocation of hip, hemorrhage, infection, thromboembolism, avascular necrosis, cemented prosthesis may loosen over time, pneumonia.
- c keep legs abducted at all times, use abductor pillow, limit hip flexion, do not elevate HOB above 45 degrees, sit only on raised chair/toilet seat, do not ben over to pick up objects from floor, do not flex hip.
- d an infection by disease causing microorganisms in the urinary tract. can be present with or without symptoms. most common in the bladder or urethra. etiology: ascending infection from the urinary meatus.
- e fractures are a break in the bone, they are classified by extent and type of break in the bone.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- acetaminophen (Tylenol), Cyclobenzaprine HCL(Flexeril)
- x-ray, CT scans, MRI scans, ESR, C-reative protein.
- breaks bone into 2 pieces.
- intracapsular: subcapital, transcervical. extracapsular: intertrachanteric.
5 True/False Questions
what is a compression fracture? → bone compacted together.
what is important about the diet of an osteoarthritis patient? → weight reducing diet to decrease stress on weight bearing joints.
Elderly also have a _________________ to the kidneys, decreased GFR, & ability to concentrate urine and conserve Na+. → Decreased bloodflow
what is a soft tissue closed simple fracture? → doesn't disrupt skin.
what are diagnostics test done for osteoporosis? → X-ray, DEXA, serum bone GLA-protein increased. bone biopsy is thin & porous.