Gu problems, Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis, & fractured hip
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- What are medications for osteoarthritis?
- What are urinary retention cause?
- When is surgery performed for an arthritis patient?
- What are cold and hot remedies you can use?
- What are benefits to rest and exercise for osteoarthritis?
- a Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Naproxen (Naprosyn), Fluriprofen (Ansiaid), Piroxican (Feldene), Diclofenac (Voltaren).
- b performed if medical treatment fails. total hip replacement: knee, hips. most common type of arthroplasty.
- c cold for acute inflammation. heat: hot packs, warm compresses, warm showers, moist heating pads, paraffin dips.
- d UTIs leading to urosepsis. urosepsis is an infection that starts in the bladder and goes into the bloodstream.
- e balancing rest and exercise to prevent muscle atrophy from disuse. acute inflammation: rest, splinting. keep joint in functional position to prevent contractures.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- medical attention sought when joint pain & stiffness interferes with daily activities. joint pain worse after activity. joint pain better after rest. if vertebra affected, may have radiating pain & or muscle spasms. bony nodes on the joints of the fingers may be involved. heberden's nodes: nodes on the distal interphalangeal joint.
- 1-1.5Gm Ca+ daily. adequate intake of vitamin D. exercise. drug therapy: Evista, Calcitonin, Actonel, Fosamax can aid in increasing bone density. Fall prevention.
- GI distres, bleeding tendencies, sodium & fluid retention. Elderly monitor for congestive heart failure or high BP as a result of fluid retention.
- break occurs when bone can't stand repeated impact. common in athletes.
- decrease pain. administer antibiotics per order. encourage fluids to increase urine output. give hygiene education. instruct patient to void frequently. cranberry juice can help to prevent cystitis by changing the composition of the urine.
5 True/False Questions
Why is thromboembolitic complications of fractures? → DVT/PE develop in immobile clients secondary to trauma/surgery. most common problem of long extremity surgery. prevention: TED hose, sequential compression devices, leg exercises, early ambulation. assessment pain on dorsiflexion.
What are musculoskeletal changes of aging? → hematoma/inflammation. granulation/soft callus formation. hard callus formation and ossification.
what is a complete or displaced fracture? → breaks bone into 2 pieces.
what is a soft tissue closed simple fracture? → doesn't disrupt skin.
What are causes of pathogenic fractures? → osteoporosis, metastatic bone cancer and malnutrition. as well as falls, MVA, and bone disease.