A trained therapist who uses psychological techniques to assist someone to overcome excessive anxiety would generally
be best described as a
Psychoanalytic techniques are designed primarily to help patients
become aware of their repressed conflicts and impulses.
Which form of therapy is most likely to be described as expensive and time-consuming?
Humanistic therapists are most likely to
emphasize the importance of self-awareness for psychological adjustment
Which approach emphasizes the importance of providing patients with feelings of unconditional positive regard?
Client-centered therapists are most likely to
restate and seek further clarification of what clients say during the course of therapy
Repeatedly introducing people to things they fear and avoid is most characteristic of
To treat nail biting, one can paint a patient's fingernails with a nasty-tasting nail polish. This procedure best illustrates
In which operant conditioning procedure are positive reinforcers given for desired behaviors?
a token economy
Mr. Quinones, a fifth-grade teacher, gives a blue plastic star to each student who achieves a high score on a math or
spelling test. At the end of the semester, students can exchange their stars for prizes. Mr. Quinones' strategy illustrates
an application of
Teaching people to stop blaming themselves for failures and negative circumstances beyond their control is of most
direct concern to ________ therapists
Natasha claimed that her failure to get A's in all her courses meant she was incompetent. Her therapist calmly
challenged this assertion, commenting, "By your mental calculations, well over 90 percent of all students are
incompetent!" The therapist's response was most typical of a ________ therapist.
Cognitive therapists are most likely to emphasize that emotional disturbances result from
self-blaming and overgeneralized explanations of bad events.
Research on the effectiveness of psychotherapy indicates that
clients are generally satisfied with the effectiveness of therapy.
Clients' perceptions of the effectiveness of psychotherapy are often misleading because clients
often need to convince themselves that they didn't waste their money on therapy
Therapists' perceptions of the effectiveness of psychotherapy are likely to be misleading because
clients typically emphasize their problems at the start of therapy and their well-being at the end of therapy
Which phenomenon refers to the tendency for extraordinary or unusual events to be followed by more ordinary events?
the placebo effect
Students who receive unusually low scores on their first psychology test can reasonably anticipate ________ scores on their second psychology test
The best psychotherapy outcome studies are randomized clinical trials comparing treatment groups with ________
Which of the following is a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different studies?
Statistical summaries of psychotherapy outcome studies indicate that
no single form of therapy proves consistently superior to the others
Increasingly, insurer and government support for mental health services requires
Which of the following has been demonstrated to provide relief for those who suffer from seasonal affective disorder?
light exposure therapy
Three benefits attributed to all psychotherapies are
hope, a new perspective, and a caring relationship
Because she mistakenly thought that completing a diagnostic test was a therapeutic treatment for her anxiety disorder,
Mrs. Shyam felt considerable relief for several weeks following the test. Mrs. Shyam's reaction best illustrates
the placebo effect
Immigrants from Asia would most likely experience difficulty as clients of American psychotherapists who emphasize
the value of
Which therapeutic specialists are most likely to have received a Ph.D. degree in psychology?
Although Dr. Anderson uses systematic desensitization for the treatment of phobias, he prescribes antianxiety drugs as
well. It is most likely that Dr. Anderson is a
The double-blind technique involves
a procedure in which neither patients nor health care staff know whether a given patient is receiving a drug or a
Which of the following treatments is most likely to be used only with severely depressed patients?
Surgically cutting the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain is called
Antidepressant drugs, a fresh perspective on his problems, and a strong therapeutic alliance all contributed to helping
David recover from a major depressive disorder. An integrated understanding of David's recovery process is best
a biopsychosocial approach