practice final path health

40 terms by codymed

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A Colles' fracture results when:

the distal radius is broken

The itching associated with scabies results from:

the mites burrowing into the epidermis

Prostatic cancer usually metastasizes first to the:

bones

Joint involvement with rheumatoid arthritis is usually

bilateral small joints, symmetrical progression to other joints

With endometriosis, severe pain occurs with each menstrual cycle because of

inflammation around ectopic endometrial tissue

Amputation occurs frequently in diabetics because of

necrosis and infection in the legs

Which of the following is a common complication of leiomyomas?

abnormal bleeding such as menorrhagia

The bone pain caused by osteogenic sarcoma is described as

steady, severe, and persisting with rest as well as activity

Frequency occurs with benign prostatic hypertrophy because of

incomplete emptying of the bladder

Insulin shock may develop in a diabetic person because of:

strenuous exercise

Septic arthritis is distinguished by:

purulent synovial fluid present in a single, swollen joint

Which of the following statements apply to impetigo?
A. lesions usually appear on the hands and arms
B. the cause is usually a virus
C. the infection is highly contagious
D. scar tissue is common following infection

the infection is highly contagious

Which of the following does NOT usually develop as a complication of diabetes?
A. osteoporosis
B. nephropathy
C. impotence
D. peripheral neuropathy

osteoporosis

Rheumatoid arthritis eventually causes ankylosis and deformity because of:
A. skeletal muscle atrophy
B. fibrosis in the joint
C. altered alignment of bones
D. all of the above

D. all of the above

Characteristics of Cushing's syndrome include all of the following except:
A. heavy body and round face
B. atrophied skeletal muscle in the limbs
C. staring eyes with infrequent blinking
D. atrophy of the lymph nodes

staring eyes with infrequent blinking

Systemic effects of rheumatoid arthritis are manifested as:
A. nodules in various tissues, severe fatigue, and anorexia
B. headache, leukopenia, high fever
C. swelling and dysfunction in many organs
D. progressive fibrosis of a joint

nodules in various tissues, severe fatigue, and anorexia

Hyperparathyroidism causes
A. hypocalcemia
B. tetany
C. bone demineralization
D. deficit of Vitamin D

bone demineralization

Which of the following applies to diabetic macroangiopathy?
1. affects the small arteries and arterioles
2. is related to elevated serum lipids
3. leads to increased risk of myocardial infarctions and peripheral vascular disease
4. frequently causes damage in the kidneys
A. 1, 3
B. 1, 4
C. 2, 3
D. 2, 4

2, 3

Addison's disease results in:
A. elevated blood glucoselevels
B. high blood pressure
C. low serum potassium levels
D. poor stress response

poor stress response

Cryptorchidism may lead to:

infertility, testicular cancer

The characteristic lesions of herpes zoster include:
A. painful vesicles along a dermatome or cranial nerve pathway
B. several vesicles near the mouth
C. pustules on the trunk and neck
D. pruritic erythematous rash in body folds

painful vesicles along a dermatome or cranial nerve pathway

Pediculosis can be diagnosed by:

the presence of nits at the base of hair shafts

When a fracture is healing, the procallus or fibrocartilaginous callus:

serves as a splint across the fracture site

Hypocalcemia due to hypoparathyroidism causes

skeletal muscle twitching or spasm,
weak cardiac contraction

PID and subsequent infertility is frequently a complication of STDs such as

chlamydia

A type I hypersensitivity response to ingested substances causes

urticaria

All of the following statements apply to malignant melanoma except:
A. the malignant cell is a melanocyte
B. they present as nonpruritic purplish macules
C. the neoplasm grows rapidly and metastasizes early
D. the lesion is usually dark or multicolored with an irregular border

they present as nonpruritic purplish macules

Signs indicating a dislocation include

pain and tenderness

Which skin lesions are usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus?

furuncles, cellulitis, impetigo

Which of the following statements is true about goiter? It may develop with:
A. hyperthyroidism
B. hypothyroidism
C. lack of iodine in the diet
D. all the above

all the above

Which of the following would indicate hypoglycemia in a diabetic?
A. deep, rapid respirations
B. flushed dry skin and mucosa
C. thirst and oliguria
D. staggering, disorientation, and confusion

staggering, disorientation, and confusion

Visual impairment may develop in diabetics, primarily because of :
A. abnormal metabolism in the lens
B. macroangiopathy
C. neuropathy affecting cranial nerves
D. development of exophthalmos

abnormal metabolism in the lens

With diabetes mellitus, polyuria develops because of

glucosuria

A major predisposing factor to cervical cancer is

sexually transmitted diseases, particularly viral

Which of the following is correct about Duchenne's muscular dystrophy?
A. difficulty climbing stairs or standing up at 2 to 3 years of age
B. it involves only the legs and pelvis
C. skeletal muscle atrophy can be seen in the legs at an early stage
D. it cannot be detected in any carriers

difficulty climbing stairs or standing up at 2 to 3 years of age

With osteoarthritis, joint movement is limited by:

the osteophytes and irregular cartilage surface

Which of the following applies to carcinoma of the breast?
A. it presents as a tender, painful, firm nodule
B. tumor cells may demonstrate estrogen receptors on the membrane
C. occasionally, a genetic factor may have a small role in tumor development
D. the tumor is invasive but does not metastasize until very late

tumor cells may demonstrate estrogen receptors on the membrane

A raised, thin-walled lesion containing clear fluid is termed a

vesicle

In ankylosing spondylitis, progressive inflammation begins at the

joints between vertebrae

Persons with atopic dermatitis frequently have a family history of individuals with hay fever, asthma or other allergic conditions.

TRUE

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