Teaching with a purpose.
One's belief in his or her own ability.
The science and art of teaching
in Piaget's theory, the preoperational child's difficulty taking another's point of view
a leader of Russian psychology during the early days of the soviet union, developed a theory of human development that emphasized the roles of culture and social interaction, Piaget emphasized a child's relationship with the physical environment Vygotsky emphasized the child's relationship with the social environment-- Key ideas= Zone of Proximal Development, Scheme, Modeling, Scaffolding.
A learning process in which learners work together. (Vygotsky said all learning was social)
Helping students achieve independence in reading by first giving support and then gradually taking it away as they are ready to do tasks on their own
Zone of Proximal Development
The gap between what adolescents can accomplish alone and what they are capable of doing if guided by an adult or a more competent peer
in Piaget's theory, a specific structure, or organized way of making sense of experience, that changes with age.
the central process of social learning, by which a person observes the actions of others and then copies them
Theory of Moral Development
Kohlberg - moral development is a continual process that occurs throughout the lifespan. with 3 levels divided into 6 sequential stages. 2 each of these stages: pre-conventional, conventional, post-conventional
Industry vs. Inferiority
Stage 4 of Erikson's stages of personal and social development- 6 to 12 years- Expansion in child's social world. Teachers and peers become more important, parents less important. Kids master cognitive and social skills; learn to work industriously and cooperate with peers. Success will give sense of competence but failure will give feeling of inadequacy, negative self-image
Identity vs. Role Confusion
Erikson's stage 5 - 12 to 18 years- "Who am I?" Teenagers work at refining a sense of self by testing roles and integrating them to form a single identity, or they become confused on who they are.
Erickson sees 8 stages of development characterized by psychological conflicts that must be resolved for healthy development to occur
he proposed our moral reasoning helps guide our judgement and behavior. He argued that as we develop intellectually we pass through as many as 6 stages of moral thinking, moving from the simplistic and concrete toward the more abstract and principled. He clustered these 6 stages into 3 basic levels: preconventional, conventional, and postconventional. His claim was that these levels form a moral ladder. Studied boys responses to and processes of reasoning in making moral decisions. Most famous moral dilemma is "Heinz" who has an ill wife and cannot afford the medication. Should he steal the medication and why? Criticised for just studying boys and because of how few made it to the highest stage.
the moral stage that shifts from obediance to good motives. Family, groups, society, as valuable in themselves. shift form questioning obediance to a concern for good motives. Assumptions about family, group, and society as valuable in themselves occur in this charge
first level of Kohlberg's stages of moral development in which the child's behavior is governed by the consequences of the behavior
third level of Kohlberg's stages of moral development in which the person's behavior is governed by moral principles that have been decided on by the individual and which may be in disagreement with accepted social norms. Laws are arbitrary, but needed to preserve social order.
The characteristics that make up the identity- Nationality, SES, Ethnic Group, Race, Gender, Region, Geographic Region, Religion, Abilities and Disabilities.
Multicultural, anti-bias and knowing how to teach to a diverse number of learning styles.
Awareness of differences in students.
Knowing yourself to recognize your opinions and treating all students well despite your opinions.
Using different strategies to reach different types of learners.
devised Theory of Multiple Intelligences: logical-mathematic, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, intrapersonal, linguistic, musical, interpersonal, naturalistic
thinking about thinking
Families living in poverty for two generations or longer. Driving forces for decision making are survival, relationships and entertainment; people are possessions; "world" is local; resolve conflicting with fighting; food is valued for quantity. Punishment is not about correcting behavior.
Poverty caused by circumstances
Different groups have different rules. These rules are things you need to know to get by in whatever SES or group you are in.
Corridor of Shame
Schools along I-95, contains 8 counties.
Specialized professional association.
Evaluates teachers in other states, but we use ADEPT in SC.
Clemson's Conceptual Framework
Part of Clemson's Conceptual Framework- Has to do with your *dispositions* which are your values and beliefs. Want you to believe that all students can learn and make a difference.
Part of Clemson's Conceptual Framework- Is about your content.
Part of Clemson's Conceptual Framework- Is about your professional development. They want it to continue.
Economic Education Development Act- Also called "school to work"- This model must assist school districts and communities with planning, development, implementation and assessment of a school guidance program to support the personal, social, educational and career development of pre-K through 12 grade students. Models and prototypes for individual graduation plans and the curriculum framework for career clusters of study.
There are 16 of these.
Individual Graduation Plan
learning occurs only when students (learners) process new information or knowledge in such a way that it makes sense to them in their own frames of reference (their own inner worlds of memory, experience, and response). This approach to learning and teaching assumes that the mind naturally seeks meaning in context—that is, in relation to the person's current environment—and that it does so by searching for relationships that make sense and appear useful.
Building upon this understanding, contextual learning theory focuses on the multiple aspects of any learning environment, whether a classroom, a laboratory, a computer lab, a worksite, or a wheat field. It encourages educators to choose and/or design learning environments that incorporate as many different forms of experience as possible—social, cultural, physical, and psychological—in working toward the desired learning outcomes.
This graphic organizer method of class participation provides assessment by asking students to fill in-- what I Know/Want to know/what I Learned-- about a particular subject/text.
EEDA- Awareness- the elementary school portion of the EEDA
Exploration- The middle school section of the EEDA. 6th grade job fair for students to explore different jobs. 7th and 8th grade the shadow a professional and get an IGP.
Preparation- The high school section of the EEDA.
16 job tracks
The 16 EEDA job tracks. Each high school must provide classes in at least 4 of the tracks.
one of the varieties of language appropriate to particular social situations. The four stylistic registers most commonly referred to are frozen, formal, consultative, casual, and intimate.
Language between friends and characterized by a 400 to 800 word vocabulary. Word choices are often general, not specific. Sentence syntax often incomplete and goes around and around a point before arriving at it. Communication is about the conversation, not arriving at a particular point. Often the register of those in poverty.
The standard sentence syntax and word choice of work and school. Has complete sentences and specific word choice.