These lines are spoken so as to be heard by the audience, not others on the stage
generally accepted as authentic work of an author
A word printed below the text at the bottom of a page, matching the first word on the following page. The catchword enabled the printer to keep the pages in their proper sequence; where the catchword fails to match the word at the top of the next page, there is reason to suspect that something has been lost or misplaced.
A version of a play created by combining readings from more than one substantive edition.
The common practice of having an actor play multiple roles.
A list of characters appearing in a play.
Mimed scenes performed before a play (or before each act), summarizing or foreshadowing the plot; dumb shows were popular in early Elizabethan drama, but although they already seemed old-fashioned in Shakespeare's time, they were employed by writers up to the 1640s
indicates the departure of more than one actor from the stage
indicates the departure of a single actor from the stage
A book-making format in which each large sheet of paper is folded once, making two leaves (four pages front and back).
Covered seating areas surrounding the open yard of the public amphitheaters
Audience members who paid the minimum price of admission to stand in the yard of open-air amphitheaters
Canopied roof over the stage in the open-air theaters
A song-and-dance performance by the clown and other members of the company at the conclusion of a play
By an order of 1581, new plays could not be performed until they had received a license from the Master of the Revels
indicates that more than one actor remains onstage
indicates that a single actor remains onstage
A book-making format in which each large sheet of paper is folded three times, making eight leaves (sixteen pages front and back)
The character played by an actor
Important nobles and members of the royal family under whose protection the theatrical companies of London operated
The area in front of the stage
A manuscript of a play annotated and adapted for performance by the theatrical company
A book-making format in which each large sheet of paper is folded twice, making four leaves (eight pages front and back)
The stock of plays a company had ready for performance at a given time
The part of the text that is not spoken by any character but that indicates actions to be performed onstage
The players' dressing room, a structure located at the back of the stage and connected to the stage by two or more doors in the frons scenae