Medical Terminology Unit 2 combining forms and suffixes

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Medical Terminology Unit 2 combining forms and suffixes for musculoskeletal system and digestive system

calc/o, calci/o

calcium

kyph/o

hunchback

lamin/o

lamina (part of vertebral arch)

lord/o

curve, swayback (curving inward in lumbar region)

lumb/o

loins, lower back

myel/o

bone marrow

orth/o

straight

oste/o

bone

scoli/o

crooked, bent (lateral curvature)

spondyl/o (refers to conditions of structure), vertebr/o (describe structure)

vertebra

-blast

embryonic or immature cell

-clast

to break

-listhesis

slipping

-malacia

softening

-physis

to grow

-porosis

pore, passageway

-tome

instrument to cut

acetabul/o

acetabulum

calcane/o

calcaneus (heel)

carp/o

carpals (wrist bones)

clavicul/o

clavicle

cost/o

rib

crani/o

cranium or skull

femor/o

femur

fibul/o

fibula

humer/o

humerus

ili/o

ilium

ischi/o

ischium

malleol/o

malleolus

mandibul/o

mandible

maxill/o

maxilla

metacarp/o

metacarpals

metatars/o

metatarsals

olecran/o

olecranon (elbow)

patell/o

patella (knee cap)

pelv/i

pelvis

perone/o

fibula

phalang/o

phalanges

pub/o

pubis

radi/o

radius (forearm bone, thumb side)

scapul/o

scapula

stern/o

sternum

tars/o

tarsals

tibi/o

tibia (shin bone)

uln/o

ulna (forearm bone pinky side)

-ostosis

condition of bone

chondr/o

cartilage

arthr/o

joint

sequestr/o

necrotic bone tissue

-desis

binding, fixation

-poiesis

formation, production

fasci/o

fascia (forms sheaths enveloping muscles)

fibr/o

fibrous connective tissue

leiomy/o

smooth muscle

my/o

muscle

myocardi/o

heart muscle

myos/o

muscle

plant/o

sole of the foot

rhabdomy/o

skeletal muscle connected to bones

sarc/o

muscle and flesh

-asthenia

lack of strength

-trophy

development, nourishment

ab-

away from

ad-

toward

dorsi-

back

poly-

many, much

append/o, appendic/o

appendix

bucc/o

cheek

cec/o

cecum

celi/o, lapar/o, abdomin/o

belly, abdomen

cheil/o, labi/o

lip

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

choledoch/o

common bile duct

col/o, colon/o

colon, large intestine

dent/i, dent/o

tooth

duoden/o

duodenum

enter/o

intestines, usually small intestines

esophag/o

esophagus

faci/o

face

gastr/o

stomach

gingiv/o

gums

gloss/o, lingu/o

tongue

hepat/o

liver

ile/o

ileum

jejun/o

jejunum

mandibul/o

lower jaw, mandible

odont/o

tooth

or/o, stomat/o

mouth

palat/o

palate

pancreat/o

pancreas

peritone/o

peritoneum

pharyng/o

throat

proct/o

anus and rectum

pylor/o

pyloric sphincter

rect/o

rectum

sialaden/o

salivary gland

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

uvul/o

uvula

amyl/o

starch

bil/i, chol/e

gall, bile

bilirubin/o

bilirubin (bile pigment)

chlorhydr/o

hydrochloric acid

gluc/o, glyc/o

sugar

glycogen/o

glycogen, animal starch

lip/o, steat/o

fat, lipid

lith/o

stone

prote/o

protein

sial/o

saliva, salivary

-ase

enzyme

-chezia

defecation, elimination of wastes

-iasis

abnormal condition

-prandial

meal

eti/o

cause

idi/o

unknown

chol/e

bile

cholangi/o

bile vessel

-ectasis, -ectasia

stretching

-emesis

vomiting

-lysis

breakdown

-pepsia

digestion

-phagia

eating

-plasty

surgical repair

-ptosis

prolapse

-ptysis

spitting

-rrhagia, -rrhage

bursting forth (of blood)

-rrhaphy

suture

-rrhea

discharge

-spasm

contraction of muscles

-stasis

controlling

-stenosis

stricture

-tresia

opening

-tripsy

to crush

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