Chapter 12 Skin: Integumentary system

79 terms by mrsmartinez1 

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Fat cells are also called

lipocytes

A large irregular area of a purplish discoloration due to bleeding under the skin larger than 10mm is also known as

ecchymosis

Infestation with lice is also called

pediculosis

Benign superficial wart like growth on the epithelial tissue or elsewhere in the body is called

papilloma

Autoimmune disorders in which the connective tissues become thickened and hardened is also

scleroderma

An injury to the underlying tissues without breaking or tearing the skin aka bruise

contusion

Inflammation of the hair follicle is called

folliculitis

Abnormal condition of a fungal infection of the nail is called

onychomycosis

Maliformation of the nail in which the outer surface is concave or scooped out like a spoon (aka spoon nail)

koilonychia

Nail biting is also known as

onychophagia

The medicl term for itching is also known as

pruritis

Overgrowth of the tissues of the nose is also called

rhinophyma

Which term describes a torn and jagged wound?

laceration

Which form of skin cancer is derived from cells capable of forming melanin?

malignant melanoma

Which chronic disorder is characterized by itching and by red papules covered with silvery scales?

psoriasis

Which degree of burn involves blisters and damage to the epidermis and dermis?

second

Which condition is a closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material?

cyst

Which term means abnormal hairiness?

hirsutism

Which condition is a raised birthmark made up of newly formed blood vessels?

strawberry hemangioma

An infection with itch mites

scabies

Which term describes a torn or jagged wound, or an accidental cut wound?

laceration

Which procedure is also known as a skin graft?

dermatoplasty

Which condition involves tissue death that is usually associated with a loss of circulation?

gangrene

The destruction or elimination of abnormal tissue cells through the application of extreme cold

cryosurgery

Which chemical causes the signs of an allergic response when it is released in response to allergens?

histamine

The term that describes the removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from a wound

debridement

The medical term for baldness

alopecia

An autoimmune disorder resulting in whitish areas of the skin. Hair growing in an affected area may also turn white

vitiligo

The medical term for inflammation of the skin

dermatitis

A small bump that itches and often appears as a symptom of an allergic reaction

wheal

A form of dermatitis that is usually associated with severe itching, redness, blistering, and oozing

eczema

The medical term for profuse sweating

diaphoresis

A skin disorder characterized by red papules covered with silvery scales

Psoriasis

Basal Cell Carcinoma

BCC

Psoriasis

Ps, PS

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

SLE

Activities of Daily Living

ADL

Before Meals

ac

Rehabilitation

Rehab

Subcutaneous

Sub-q, SQ

Forms the protective outer covering the external surfaces, waterproofs the body by blocking the entance of pathogens into the body

skin

A fibrous, water-repellent protein

keratin

Special cells found in the basal cell layer

Melanocytes

The pigment that determines the color of the skin

melanin

The outermost layer of the skin

epidermis

The thick layer of living tissue directly below the epidermis

dermis

Released in response to an injury, is an anticoagulant

heparin

Located just below the layers of the skin and connects the skin to the surface muscles

subcutaneous layer

Located in the dermis layer of the skin and are closely associated with hair follicles

sebaceous glands

Also known as sudoriferous glands, are tiny coiled glands found in almost all body surfaces

sweat glands

The appearance of multiple purple discolorations on the skin caused by bleeding underneath the skin

purpura

A very small, pinpoint hemorrhages that areless than 2 mm in diameter

petechiae

Usually caused by an injury, is a swelling of clotted blood trapped in the tissue

hematoma

The wearing away of a surface, such as the epidermis of the skin or the outer layer of a mucus membrane

erosion

Also known as macula, is a discolered flat spot that is less than 1 cm in diameter

macule

A solid, raised skin lesion that is larger than 0.5 cm in diameter

nodule

A small, raised red lesion that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter and does not contain pus.

papule

Producing or containing pus

Purulent

A fluid, such as pus, that leaks out of an infected wound.

exudate

An injury in which superficial layers of the skin are scraped or rubbed away.

abrasion

A groove or crack-like break in the skin.

fissure

An open ulcerated wound that is caused by prolonged pressure on an area ofthe skin.

pressure sore

A deep hole made by a sharp object such as a rusty nail or ice pick

puncture wound

A soft, raised, pink or red vascular birhmark

capillary hemangioma

Also known as hives

urticaria

An acute, rapidly spreading bacterial infection characterized by malaise, swelling, warmth, and red streaks.

cellulitis

A highly contagious bacterial skin infection that commonly occurs in children.

impetigo

Is a severe infection caused by Group A strep bacteria, flesh-eating bacteria.

Necrotizing fasciitis

Raised or thickened scar that expands, inherited, common among people with dark-pigmented skin.

keloid

Atypical moles that can develop into skin cancer.

dysplastic nevi

Malignant growth on the skin, which can have many causes, including repeated severe sunburns or long-term exposure to the sun.

skin cancer

Malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis.

basal cell carcinoma

An injury to body tissues caused by heat, flame, electricity, sun, chemicals, or radiation.

burn

Removal of living tissue for exammination to confirm or establish a diagnosis.

biopsy

Removal of entire tumor or lesion and margin of surrounding tissues.

excisional biopsy

Used to remove a core of the tissue for examination.

needle biopsy

The removal of dead epidermal cells, often through sanding or chemabrasion.

exfoliation

The destruction of tissue by burning.

cauterization

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