the basic building blocks of all organisms. Within cells the basic functions of organisms (converting food into energy and getting rid of waste) are carried out.
"little organs" or structures (parts) within a cell that carry out specific functions (jobs) that keep the cell alive.
surrounds and protects the nucleus, functions to allow certain materials in and out of the nucleus, found in plant and animal cells.
thin outer layer of cell that functions like a gatekeeper allowing certain materials in and out of the cell, found in plant and animal cells
gel-like fluid that fills the space in between the organelles, found in plant and animal cells
genetic structures made of DNA that contain information used to direct cell activity and make new cells, functions like a computer hard drive, found in plant and animal cells.
fluid-filled structures that temporarily hold substances needed by the cell, functions like a storage tank, found in plant and animals cells but bigger in plant cells.
use oxygen and glucose to transform the energy in food to a form the cell can use through a process called cellular respiration, functions like the power plant of the cell, found in plant and animal cells.
tough outer barrier that protects plant cells and give them shape, functions like the security fence, found only in plant cells.
structures in a plant cell that make glucose and oxygen, function like solar panels, found only in plant cells.
green pigment that captures energy of sunlight and through a chemical reaction (photosynthesis) makes food for the plant, found only in plant cells.
attached to endoplasmic reticulum and make copies of proteins for a cell, found in both plant and animal cells
in the mitochondria of a cell O2 is chemically combined with glucose (sugar) to release energy (ATP), CO2, and H2O. Happens in plant and animal cells.
chemical reaction that combines water and carbon dioxide to make glucose - the simple sugar plants use as food, happens only in plant cells.
all the organisms that live in an area together with the nonliving things in the environment.
a group of organisms that can mate and produce offspring that in turn can produce more offspring.
structure, behavior, or other trait in an organism that helps it to survive in its environment.
a type of symbiosis in which one species benefits while the other seems to be unaffected.
a type of symbiosis that occurs when an organism called a parasite feeds on the cells, tissues, or fluids of another organism call a host.