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eflclassroom Teacher on June 6, 2010
Terms to use when describing writing.
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ac·ro·nym /ˈækrənɪm/ [ak-ruh-nim]
1. a word formed from the initial letters or groups of letters of words in a set phrase or series of words. Use in a sentence- Acronyms help people remember phrases.
ad·dress /n. əˈdrɛs, ˈædrɛs; v. əˈdrɛs/ [n. uh-dres, ad-res; v. uh-dres] noun, verb, -dressed or -drest, -dress·ing.
1. a speech or written statement, usually formal, directed to a particular group of persons: the President's address on the state of the economy.
ad·verb /ˈædvɜrb/ [ad-vurb]
any member of a class of words that in many languages are distinguished in form, as partly in English by the ending -ly, or by functioning as modifiers of verbs or clauses, and in some languages, as Latin and English, also as modifiers of adjectives or other adverbs or adverbial phrases, as very, well, quickly. Adverbs typically express some relation of place, time, manner, attendant circumstance, degree, cause, inference, result, condition, exception, concession, purpose, or means.
a·nal·o·gy /əˈnælədʒi/ [uh-nal-uh-jee]
-noun, plural -gies.
1. a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based: the analogy between the heart and a pump.
|Antecedent|| an·te·ced·ent /ˌæntəˈsidnt/ [an-tuh-seed-nt]|
1. preceding; prior: an antecedent event.
ar·ti·cle /ˈɑrtɪkəl/ [ahr-ti-kuhl] noun, verb, -cled, -cling.
1. a written composition in prose, usually nonfiction, on a specific topic, forming an independent part of a book or other publication, as a newspaper or magazine. I wrote an article about child abuse in the newspaper.
com·ma /ˈkɒmə/ [kom-uh]
1. the sign (,), a mark of punctuation used for indicating a division in a sentence, as in setting off a word, phrase, or clause, esp. when such a division is accompanied by a slight pause or is to be noted in order to give order to the sequential elements of the sentence. It is also used to separate items in a list, to mark off thousands in numerals, to separate types or levels of information in bibliographic and other data, and, in Europe, as a decimal point.
con·so·nant /ˈkɒnsənənt/ [kon-suh-nuhnt]
a. (in English articulation) a speech sound produced by occluding with or without releasing (p, b; t, d; k, g), diverting (m, n, ng), or obstructing (f, v; s, z, etc.) the flow of air from the lungs (opposed to vowel).
b. (in a syllable) any sound other than the sound of greatest sonority in the syllable, as b, r, and g in brig (opposed to sonant). Compare vowel (def. 1b).
c. (in linguistic function) a concept empirically determined as a phonological element in structural contrast with vowel, as the b of be, the w of we, the y, s, and t of yeast, etc.
ap·pos·i·tive /əˈpɒzɪtɪv/ [uh-poz-i-tiv] Grammar
1. a word or phrase in apposition.
draft /dræft, drɑft/ [draft, drahft]
a first or preliminary form of any writing, subject to revision, copying, etc. I wrote more than one rough draft before i finished my paper.
|clause|| clause /klɔz/ [klawz]|
1. Grammar. a syntactic construction containing a subject and predicate and forming part of a sentence or constituting a whole simple sentence. The dependent clause was not a complete sentence.
es·say /n. ˈɛseɪ for 1, 2; ˈɛseɪ, ɛˈseɪ for 3-5; v. ɛˈseɪ/ [n. es-ey for 1, 2; es-ey, e-sey for 3-5; v. e-sey]
1. a short literary composition on a particular theme or subject, usually in prose and generally analytic, speculative, or interpretative. I finished my essay on time.
il·lus·tra·tion /ˌɪləˈstreɪʃən/ [il-uh-strey-shuhn]
1. something that illustrates, as a picture in a book or magazine. The illustration help me understand the text i just read.
frag·ment /n. ˈfrægmənt; v. ˈfrægmənt, -mɛnt, frægˈmɛnt/ [n. frag-muhnt; v. frag-muhnt, -ment, frag-ment]
6. to divide into fragments; disunify. The sentence was divided into fragments.
ger·und /ˈdʒɛrənd/ [jer-uhnd]
1. (in certain languages, as Latin) a form regularly derived from a verb and functioning as a noun, having in Latin all case forms but the nominative, as Latin dicendī gen., dicendō, dat., abl., etc., "saying."
la·bel /ˈleɪbəl/ [ley-buhl] noun, verb, -beled, -bel·ing or (especially British) -belled, -bel·ling.
1. a slip of paper, cloth, or other material, marked or inscribed, for attachment to something to indicate its manufacturer, nature, ownership, destination, etc. I labeled the box so i knew what was inside without opening it.
list1 /lɪst/ [list]
1. a series of names or other items written or printed together in a meaningful grouping or sequence so as to constitute a record: a list of members.
im·age /ˈɪmɪdʒ/ [im-ij] noun, verb, -aged, -ag·ing.
1. a physical likeness or representation of a person, animal, or thing, photographed, painted, sculptured, or otherwise made visible. The camera took a image of the lion.
vague /veɪg/ [veyg] ,
-adjective, va·guer, va·guest.
1. not clearly or explicitly stated or expressed: vague promises. The picture was very vague.
in·dex /ˈɪndɛks/ [in-deks] noun, plural -dex·es, -di·ces /-dəˌsiz/ [-duh-seez] , verb
1. (in a nonfiction book, monograph, etc.) a more or less detailed alphabetical listing of names, places, and topics along with the numbers of the pages on which they are mentioned or discussed, usually included in or constituting the back matter. I had to look in the index to find the answer.
met·a·phor /ˈmɛtəˌfɔr, -fər/ [met-uh-fawr, -fer]
1. a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance, as in "A mighty fortress is our God." Compare mixed metaphor, simile (def. 1). Grabbing the bull by the horns is a metaphor.
let·ter1 /ˈlɛtər/ [let-er]
1. a written or printed communication addressed to a person or organization and usually transmitted by mail. I wrote a letter to my mom and sent it in the mail.
an·guage /ˈlæŋgwɪdʒ/ [lang-gwij]
1. a body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same cultural tradition: the two languages of Belgium; a Bantu language; the French language; the Yiddish language.
mne·mon·ic /nɪˈmɒnɪk/ [ni-mon-ik]
1. assisting or intended to assist the memory. I used mnemonics to help me memorize text for my class
cli·mat·ic /klaɪˈmætɪk/ [klahy-mat-ik]
1. of or pertaining to climate.
2. (of ecological phenomena) due to climate rather than to soil or topography.
Also, cli·mat·i·cal, cli·mat·al /ˈklaɪmɪtl/ [klahy-mi-tl] .
[Origin: 1820-30; climate + -ic]
pe·ri·od /ˈpɪəriəd/ [peer-ee-uhd]
10. the point or character (.) used to mark the end of a declarative sentence, indicate an abbreviation, etc.; full stop. The period is the punctuation you use to end a sentence
per·sua·sive /pərˈsweɪsɪv, -zɪv/ [per-swey-siv, -ziv]
1. able, fitted, or intended to persuade: a very persuasive argument. The article changed my mind because it was very persuasive.
out·line /ˈaʊtˌlaɪn/ [out-lahyn] noun, verb, -lined, -lin·ing.
1. the line by which a figure or object is defined or bounded; contour. Outlining can make more emphasis to an object.
re·vise /rɪˈvaɪz/ [ri-vahyz] verb, -vised, -vis·ing, noun
-verb (used with object)
1. to amend or alter: to revise one's opinion.
2. to alter something already written or printed, in order to make corrections, improve, or update: to revise a manuscript.
3. British. to review (previously studied materials) in preparation for an examination. I revised my essay many times before it was finished.
quo·ta·tion /kwoʊˈteɪʃən/ [kwoh-tey-shuhn]
1. something that is quoted; a passage quoted from a book, speech, etc.: a speech full of quotations from Lincoln's letters.
in·ten·sive /ɪnˈtɛnsɪv/ [in-ten-siv]
1. of, pertaining to, or characterized by intensity: intensive questioning. The football practice was very intensive.
pur·pose /ˈpɜrpəs/ [pur-puhs] noun, verb, -posed, -pos·ing.
1. the reason for which something exists or is done, made, used, etc. I had a good purpose to do what I did.
tone /toʊn/ [tohn] , noun, verb, toned, ton·ing.
1. 15. a particular style or manner, as of writing or speech; mood: the macabre tone of Poe's stories.
ex·am·ple /ɪgˈzæmpəl, -ˈzɑm-/ [ig-zam-puhl, -zahm-] noun, verb, -pled, -pling.
1. one of a number of things, or a part of something, taken to show the character of the whole: This painting is an example of his early work.
de·scrip·tion /dɪˈskrɪpʃən/ [di-skrip-shuhn]
1. a statement, picture in words, or account that describes; descriptive representation. The description help clearify my question.
nar·ra·tion /næˈreɪʃən/ [na-rey-shuhn]
1. something narrated; an account, story, or narrative. The play had good narration.
tran·si·tion /trænˈzɪʃən, -ˈsɪʃ-/ [tran-zish-uhn, -sish-]
1. movement, passage, or change from one position, state, stage, subject, concept, etc., to another; change: the transition from adolescence to adulthood. The transition was very noticeable.
sub·or·di·nate /adj., n. səˈbɔrdnɪt; v. səˈbɔrdnˌeɪt/ [adj., n. suh-bawr-dn-it; v. suh-bawr-dn-eyt] adjective, noun, verb, -nat·ed, -nat·ing.
a. acting as a modifier, as when I finished, which is subordinate to They were glad in They were glad when I finished.
b. noting or pertaining to a subordinating conjunction.
ir·reg·u·lar /ɪˈrɛgyələr/ [i-reg-yuh-ler]
1. without symmetry, even shape, formal arrangement, etc.: an irregular pattern. The suspicious situation was irregular.
sub·ject /n., adj. ˈsʌbdʒɪkt; v. səbˈdʒɛkt/ [n., adj. suhb-jikt; v. suhb-jekt]
-noun a branch of knowledge as a course of study: He studied four subjects in his first year at college. Astronomy was a subject I studied.
Flickr Creative Commons Images
Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.
- "Acronym" image
- "Addresses" image
- "Adverb" image
- "Analogies" image
- "Article" image
- "Commas" image
- "Consonant" image
- "appositive" image
- "Draft" image
- "Essay" image
- "illustration" image
- "Fragment" image
- "Gerund" image
- "Label" image
- "List" image
- "Image" image
- "vague" image
- "Index" image
- "Metaphor" image
- "Letter" image
- "Language" image
- "Mnemonic" image
- "climatic" image
- "Period" image
- "persuasive" image
- "outline" image
- "revise" image
- "Quotation" image
- "intensive" image
- "Purpose" image
- "Tone" image
- "example" image
- "description" image
- "narration" image
- "Transition" image
- "Subordination" image
- "irregular" image
- "Subject" image
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