A play on words that are identical or similar but have diverse meanings.
A writers use of hints or clues to indicate events that will occur later in the story. The use of this technique both creates suspense and prepares the reader for what is to come.
A speech delivered by a character when he is alone on stage
The mood pervading a literary work which sets up the reader's expectations as to the course of events whether happy or disastrous.
All emotions or feelings associated with a word.
A diversion of a poem based on thought or form
It occurs when the audience sees the character's mistakes or misunderstandings but the character is unable to see them.
The similarity of sound existing between two words.
Similar sounds which occur at the end of two or more lines in a verse.
Lines with no rhyme or regular meter
Addressing someone (dead) or something (an idea), not present, as though present.
A narrative poem which tells a story, frequently in four-line stanzas.
"Flaw" or "error." The great man falls through—though not entirely because of —some weakness of character, some moral blindness, or error. We should note that the gods are also in some sense responsible for the hero's fall.
Tragedies were originally written and performed for this festival which celebrated the coming of spring.
Verses that correspond with the chorus' movement as it moves first in one direction, and then in the other.
A statement, often metaphorical, that seems to be self-contradictory but has a valid meaning.
An exaggeration for the sake of emphasis which is not to be taken literally
The introduction of comic characters, speeches or scenes into a serious or tragic work to reduce tension.
The downfall of a noble hero or heroine, usually through some combination of hubris, fate and the will of gods.
Words or phrases which create a certain picture in the reader's mind.
Two lines of verse that rhyme.
Occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought.
It is a pattern in end rhyme; the first sound is represented with an "a," the second sound with a "b," etc.
The author's attitude towards his audience and characters: happy, sad, peaceful...
The pattern of stressed (accented) and unstressed (unaccented) syllables established in a line of poetry.
Saying less than one means or saying what one means with less force than the occasion warrants.
Fourteen lines, iambic pentameter octave and sestet, often a question is asked in the octave and answer in the sestet.
Overbearing pride or presumption; arrogance; esp. presumption towards the gods.
It is a purging of emotion that occurs at the end of a tragedy as the audience feels pity and fear for the tragic hero; it is supposed to inspire the audience members to lead better lives.
A type of paradox in which two linked words contradict each other.
A form of literature consisting of plays.
A serious play that focuses on the main character's relationship to society rather than on some tragic flaw in his personality.
A stage device in which the character expresses his thoughts or intentions in a short speech which, by convention, is inaudible to the other characters on the stage.
A character who experiences an inner struggle because of some character flaw. The struggle ends in the hero's defeat.
Introduces the actions of the play.
The repetition of the initial letter or sound in two or ore words in a line of verse.
Occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected.
A direct comparison between two usually unrelated things using "like" or "as".
Similar sounds which occur between two or more words in the same line of verse (usually at the middle and end of the line).
Figure of Speech
An expression in which the words are used in a nonliteral sense to present a figure, picture or image.
The use of a word to represent or imitate natural sounds.
Fourteen lines, iambic pentameter three quatrains, one couplet. Usually a question or theme is posed in the quatrains and answered or resolved in the couplet.
The recognition, a change from ignorance to awareness of a bond of love or hate. Recognition scenes in tragedy are of some horrible event or secret. A plot with tragic reversals and recognitions best arouses pity and fear.
This group, which sings the odes in the Greek plays, serves as a narrator to comment on the action from the perspective of the common man. Originally the chorus consisted of 12 men; Sophocles expanded it to 15, including the choragos.
An implied comparison between two usually unrelated things which suggests one things is the other; a linking verb is often used to connect the ideas.
A major division of the action of a play.
The feeling a piece of literature evokes in the reader: happy, sad....
A literal or dictionary meaning of a word.
The repetition of one or more phrases or lines in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza.
The similarity or repetition of a vowel sound in two or more words in a line of verse.
Within acts, another division frequently occurs when there is a change of time or setting.
The giving of human characteristics to inanimate objects, ideas or animals.
Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter (a line consisting of five iambic feet).
A reference to some person, place or event that has literary, historical or geographical significance.
A word or image that signifies something other than what is literally represented; it has both a literal and figurative meaning.
It is a three line Japanese poem, usually about nature. THe first line has five syllables, the second has seven syllables and there third line has 5 syllables.
Reversal of fortune
Leader of a choir or organizer of musical festivals.