Spatial Geography Exam Review

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The inner core of the earth is made of _____ and _____.

iron and nickel

The North Pole is ______.

90 degrees north

The Tropic of Cancer is _____.

23 1/2 north

The Equator is _____.

0 degrees

The Tropic of Capricorn is _____.

23 1/2 degrees south

The South Pole is _____.

90 degrees south

The earth rotates on its axis _____ miles per hour.

1,000

The earth revolves around the sun _____ miles per hour.

66,000

It takes _____ hours for the earth to make one rotation.

24

It takes _____ days for the earth to revolve around the sun.

365

_____ is another word for longitude.

meridian

Degrees are subdivided into _____.

minutes

Earth is divided into the Eastern and Western hemispheres by the prime meridian and the _____.

180 degree meridian

Lines of latitude measure the distance north and south of the _____.

equator

The moon orbits earth every _____.

29 1/2 days

When does the fall equinox occur in the Northern hemisphere?

september 21

Earth's atmosphere is composed of about 78 percent of what gas?

nitrogen

What causes the tides on earth?

the gravitational pull of the sun, earth, and moon

How many days are in a leap year?

366

On which day does the sun never set on the Arctic Circle?

june 21

On a _____, there are equal periods of daylight and darkness.

equinox

What happens when a hurricane moves inland?

it weakens

The deep valley marking a plate collision is called a _____.

trench

What are folds?

places where rocks have been compressed into bends

The belief in many gods is called _____.

polytheism

The language with the most speakers is _____.

mandarin chinese

The increase of connections between cultures around the world is called _____.

globalization

Islamic houses of worship are called _____.

mosques

The _____ is the number of people in a country who can read and write.

literacy rate

Name the continent that is also a country.

australia

Name the frozen continent.

antarctica

Longitude is measured from _____.

0 to 180 degrees

The Prime Meridian runs through _____.

Greenwich, England

The 180 degree meridian is also called _____.

international dateline

What geographic barrier kept the colonies along the eastern coast?

the appalachian mountains

The capital of the United States is _____.

washington d.c.

Where are the barrier islands located?

on the atlantic coast

Where are redwoods found?

northern california

Major deposits of gold and silver are located in which of the following states?

nevada

The first Europeans to settle in North America were from _____.

spain

Which of the following types of music did not originate in the U.S.?

classical

What is the current trend in population movement in the U.S.?

from the northeast to the south and west

The dairy belt is composed of which three states?

wisconsin, minnesota, michigan

What southern state has become headquarters for several large banks?

north carolina

What is Silicon Valley known for?

computer technology

In what region is smog a particularly serious problem?

southern california

What region of the U.S. is particularly at risk from hurricanes?

florida

The _____ River is the longest river in the U.S.

mississippi

The two major mountain ranges in the U.S are the _____ and the _____.

rockies and appalachians

Which of the following was not a major goal of the french in canada?

to stop british from settling

What are the grand banks?

a commercial fishing ground

Where is the majority of the Inuit population located?

nunavut

When did nunavut officially become a territory?

1999

The _____ is the waterway system coming from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes.

St. Lawrence River

Most of Canada was settled because of this industry.

fur trading

The capital of Canada is _____.

ottawa

The U.S. entered a war against Mexico after _____.

the alamo

The _____ Indians first inhabited Mexico.

aztec

The most ancient Indians located in southern Mexico and Central America were the _____.

incas

_____ was a great liberator in South America.

simon bolivar

The long mountain chain in South America is called the _____.

andes

_____ is the island south of florida.

cuba

Hispanola is made up of two countries.

haiti and the dominican republic

Why did the indigenous population of Central America decline with the arrival of Europeans?

european diseases killed a large portion of the population

The U.S. took what two islands from Spain in 1898?

puerto rico and cuba

Where did voodoo originate?

haiti

Which country has the largest Portuguese-speaking population?

brazil

What three countries are on the Iberian Peninsula?

portugal, spain, andorra

Greece is located on the _____ peninsula.

balkan

French explorers.

northern latitudes

English explorers.

middle latitudes

Spanish explorers.

southern latitudes

Which of the following countries is not a major fishing country?

hungary

Which country has sizable deposits of uranium?

france

Which country is not part of Great Britain?

ireland

France is the world's leading producer of which commodity?

wine

The region known as lapland stretches across which three Scandinavian countries?

norway, sweden, finland

When were East and West Germany reunited?

1991

The Germans placed which group of people into ghettos in Poland during WWII?

jews

Africa lies just 8 km away from Spain across the _____.

strait of gibraltar

Portugal still retains control of which islands in the Atlantic Ocean?

madeira and azores

The Baltic States include _____.

estonia, lativa, lithuania.

The capital of Russia is _____.

moscow

Kazakstan is the home of _____.

space city

Former Russian political prisoners were sent to _____.

siberia

A CIS country and U.S. State have the same name, it is _____.

georgia

The word "Stan" used in some countries name means _____.

land

Which Czar built a city that was to become "a window to the west"?

peter the great

The last Czar, Nicholas II, had a daughter that supposedly survived. Her name was _____.

anastasia

The new republics, of the former Soviet Union, are referred to as CIS. CIS means _____.

commonwealth

The former USSR was _____ form of government.

communist

Diamond mines are located in this African country.

south africa

_____ became South Africa's first black president.

nelson mandela

_____ is the predominant language in South Africa.

english

Oil is a big export in this African country.

angola

_____ is the number one language spoken in Angola.

portuguese

_____ was started by former freed American Slaves.

liberia

U.S. marines lost their lives when their Black Hawk helicopter went down in _____.

somalia

The pyramids are located in _____.

egypt

From the halls of Montezuma, to the shores of Tripoli. Country _____.

libya

The religion of the people of Israel is _____.

jewish

The lowest point in the world is the _____.

dead sea

The Sea south of Turkey is the _____.

mediterranean sea

The religion of Indonesia is _____.

islam

In 1975, Cambodia was taken over by the _____.

khmr rouge

The world's largest Islamic population can be found in _____.

indonesia

The newest country in the world was established in _____.

2002

Buddhism and Hinduism are eastern _____.

religions

What is jute?

a plant fiber used to make burlap and rope

Very high waves that wash ashore called _____.

storm surges

Earthquakes near Japan often cause ______.

tsunamis

What is the dominant religion practiced in Japan?

a mixture of shintoism and confucianism

Which country is home to the khmer?

cambodia

What country invaded Cambodia in 1979, ending rule by the Khmer Rouge?

vietnam

Which country has been called the Tiger of the Pacific?

malaysia

The newest country in the world is _____.

east timor

Melanesia.

black islands

Micronesia.

small islands

Polynesia.

many islands

Cannibels were found on the island of _____.

new zealand

The kind of bear found in Australia is the _____.

koala bear

There are _____ states in Australia.

7

New Zealand is comprised of _____ islands.

2

Which country has more than 700 different languages?

papua new quinea

In Antarctica has up to _____ percent of the world's water.

70

_____ of the world's sovereign states claim territory in Antarctica.

7

Antarctica is to be used for _____.

peaceful scientific purpose

A description of the earth.

geography

One half.

hemisphere

A way of life.

culture

Interdependent

relying on others

Pattern that helps you find places.

grid system

U.N.

all 183 nations of the world

The commonwealth

british trade association

CIS

association of former soviet countries

EU

euro dollar

OPEC

controls oil prices

Archipelago

a collection of islands

Isthmus

a narrow strip of land

Peninsula

a body of land surrounded by water on three sides

Island

a body of water surrounded by water

Lake

a body of water surrounded by land

Florida mean _____.

land of flowers

The capital of Florida is _____.

Tallahassee

South Fork High School is named for the south fork of the _____.

st.lucie river

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