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health

combination of physical, menta/emotional, and social well-being

self-assesment

careful examination and judgment of your own patterns of behavior

wellness

a state of well-being, or balanced health

heredity

the passing on of traits from biological parents to children

environment

all the living and nonliving things that surround you

culture

beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people

media

the various methods for communicating information

evaluate

determine the quality of, everything you see and hear

risk behaviors

actions or choices that may cause injury or harm to you or to others

consequences

the results of actions

cumulative risks

related risks that increase in effect with each added risk

subjective

comes from a person's own views and beliefs, not necessarily from facts

objective

information based on facts

prevention

taking steps to make sure that something does not happen

abstinence

refusing to participate in unsafe behaviors or activities

stress

your body's response to changes around you

stress management

identifying sources of stress and learning how to handle them in ways that promote good mental and emotional health

interpersonal communication

the sharing of thoughts and feelings with two or more people

refusal skills

ways to say no effectively

conflict

disagreement between people with opposite view points

conflict resolution

finding a soultion to a disagreement or preventing it from becoming a larger conflict

decision making

the process of making a choice or solving a problem

values

the beliefs that guide the way of a person lives, such as belefs about what is right and wrong and what is most important

criteria

standards on which to base your decisions

long term goal

goal that you plan to reach over an extended length of time

short term goal

a goal that you can reach in a short length of time

character

the way in which you think, feel and act

advocacy

taking action in support of a cause

role model

a person who inspires you to act or think in a certain way

physical activities

any kind of movement that causes your body to use energy

fitness

ability to handle the physical work and play of everyday life without becoming tired

exercise

physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive and that improves or maintains personal fitness

strength

the ability of your muscles to exert a force

endurance

the ability to perform vigorous physical activity without getting overly tired

heart and lung endurance

the measure of how effectly your heart and lungs work during moderate-to-vigorous physical activity or exercise

muscle endurance

the ability of a muscle to repeatedly excert a force over a prolonged period of time

aerobic exercise

rhythmic, nonstop, moderate-to-vigorous activity that requires large amounts of oxygen and works the heart

anaerobic exercise

intense physical activity that requires little oxygen but invloves short bursts of energy

flexibility

the ability to move joints fully and easily

skeletal system

the framework of bones and other tissues that supports the body

muscular system

tissues that move parts of the body and operate internal organs

joints

places where two or more bones meet

cartilage

allows joints to move easily, cushions bones, and supports soft tissues, such as those in the nose and ear

ligaments

hold bones in place at the joints

tendons

join muscle to muscle or muscle to bone

circulatory system

the group of organs and tissues that transport essential materials to body cells and remove their waste products

arteries

the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to all parts of the body

veins

the blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart from all parts of the body

capillaries

provide body cells with blood and connect arteries with veins

pulmonary circulation

carries the blood from the heart, through the lungs, and back to the heart

systemic circulation

sends oxygen-rich blood to all the body tissues except the lungs

plasma

a yellowish fluid, the watery portion of the blood

blood pressure

the force of blood pushing against the walls of the blood vessels

body composition

the proportions of fat, bones, muscle, and fluid that makes up body weight

warm up

gentle exercise you do to prepare your muscles for a moderate to vigeroud work out

cool down

gentle exersice that lets your body adjust to ending a workout

target heart rate

number of heartbeats peer min. you should aim for during activity to benefit your circulatory system

individual sports

physical activities you can do by yourself

team sports

organized physical activities with specific rules, played by opposing groups of people

dehydration

excessive loss of water from the body

conditioning

training to get in shape

overtraining

exercising too hard or too often

anabolic steroids

synthetic compounds that cause muscle tissure to develop at an abnormally high rate

nutrients

substances in foods that your body needs in order to grow, have energy, and stsy stronger

carbohydrates

the starches and sugars that provide energy

proteins

nutrients used to repair body cells and tissues

fats

nutrients that supply energy, keep the skin healthy, and promote normal growth

saturated fats

are solid at room temperature

unsaturated fats

are liquid at room temperature

vitamins

substances that help to regulate the body's functions

minerals

nutrients that strengthen bones and teeth, keep blood healthy, and keep heart and other organs working properly

fiber

the part od grains, fruits, and vegetables that the body cannt break down

nutrition

the process of taking in food and using it for energy, growth, and good health

food guide pyramid

guide for making healthful daily food choices

calorie

a unit of heat that measures the energy available in foods

nutrient dense

high amount of nutrients relative to the number of calories

digestion

process by which the body breaks down food into smaller components that can be absorbed by the bloodstream and sent to each cell in the body

digestive system

group of organs that work together to break down foods into substances that your cells can use

saliva

digestive juice produced by the salivary glands in your mouth

excretion

the process by which the body gets rid of waste materials

excretory system

system that removes waste from your body and controls water balance

colon

storage tube for solid wastes

BMI

a way to assess your body size, taking your height and weight into acount

eating disorders

extreme eating behaviors can lead to serious illness or death

anorexia nervosa

an eating disorder in which a person does not want to gain weight and starves themselves

binge eating disorder

an eating disorder in which a person repeatedly eats large amounts of food at one time

bulimia nervosa

when a person repeatedly eats large amounts of food and then throws up

adolescence

the stage in life between childhood and adulthood usuall begining around the ages 11and 15

hormones

chemical substances that help to regulate the way your body functions

endocrine system

consists of glands throughout the body that regulate body functions

puberty

the time when you develop certain physical characteristics of adults of your own gender

reproduction

the process by which living organisms produce others of their own kind

reproductive system

body organs that make it possible to produce young

sperm

the male reproductive cells

testes

the pair of glands that produce sperm

semen

mixture of sperm and fluids

fertilization

the joining of the sperm cell and egg cell to forma new human life

ovulation

the process by which the ovaries release a single mature egg

menstruation

the flow of he uterine lining material from the body

ovaries

the two female reproductive glands

gynecologist

a doctor who specializes in the female reproductive system

cell

is the basic unit of life

embryo

organism from fertilization to about the eighth week of development

fetus

the developing organism from the end of the eighth week until birth

chromosomes

threadlike structures that carry the codes for inherited traits

genes

the basic units of heredity

infancy

the first year of life

toddler

a child between the ages of one and three

preschooler

a chld between the ages three and five

nicotine

an addictive drug found in tobacco

carbon monoxide

a colorless, oderless, poisonous gas produced when tobacco burns

respiratory system

the set of organs that supplly your body with oxygen and rid your body of carbon dioxide

addiction

phychological or physical need for a drug or other substance

withdrawl

the unpleasant symptoms that someone experience when he or she stops using an addictive drug

psysical dependence

an addiction in which the body develops a chemical need for a drug

psychological dependence

an addiction in which a person believes they need a drug to feel better

tolerance

bodys need for larger dossses of a drung to produce the same effect

second hand smoke

air has bee contaminated by tobacco smoke

mainstream smoke

smoke that a smoker inhales and then exhales

sidestream smoke

smoke that comes from the burning end of a cigarette, pipe, or cigar

passive smokers

nonsmokers who breathe secondhand smoke

drug

substance other than food thatchanges the structure or function of the body or mind

medicine

a drug that prevents or cures illness or eases its symptoms

precription medicine

a medicine that can be used safely with a doctors note

over the counter medicines

medicines you can buy without a doctors note

side effects

reactions to medicines other than the one intended

alcohol

a drug created by a chemical reaction in some foods

intoxicated

being drunk

alcoholism

an illness characterized by a physical and psycological need for alcohol

illegal drugs

substances that are against the law for people of any age to buy, sell, or make

drug abuse

use of a drug for a nonmedical reason

stimulants

drugs that speed up the body's functions

amphetamines

are strong stimulant drugs that speed up the nervous system

depressants

are drugs that slow down the body's functions

neurons

the cells that make up the nervous system

central nervous system

consists of the brain and the spinal cord

periphal nervous system

made up of nerves that connect the central nervous system to all parts of the body

brain

command center, or the coordinator, of the nervos system

spinal cord

a long bundle of neurons that relays messages to and from the brain and all parts of the body

assertive

willing to stand up for yourself in a firm but positive way

sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

are infections that are spread from person to person through sexual contact

chlamydia

a bacterial STI that may affect the reproductive organs, urethra, and anus

genital warts

are growths or bumps in the genital area cause by certain tpes of the human papillomavirus

gonorrhea

bacterial STI that affects the mucous membranes of the body

syphilis

a bacterial STI that can affect many parts of the body

hepatitis

a liver desease that can be spread through sexual contact-only STI that has a vaccine

human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

the virus that causes AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

a deadly disease that interferes with the body's ability to fight infection

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