Which of the following conditions is more common in women than in men?
Which of the following organs lies in the retroperitoneal space?
Functions of the liver include:
production of substances necessary for blood clotting.
You are dispatched to an apartment complex for a young male with abdominal pain. Your priority upon arriving at the scene should be to:
assess the scene for potential hazards.
Peritonitis may result in shock because:
fluid shifts from the bloodstream into body tissues.
In the presence of ileus, the only way the stomach can empty itself is by:
Pain that radiates to the right lower quadrant from the umbilical area, nausea and vomiting, and anorexia are MOST indicative of:
Elderly patients with abdominal problems may not exhibit the same pain response as younger patients because of:
age-related deterioration of their sensory systems.
A 35-year-old mildly obese woman is complaining of localized pain in the right upper quadrant with referred pain to the right shoulder. The MOST likely cause of her pain is:
Which of the following statements regarding dialysis is correct?
Patients who miss a dialysis treatment often present with weakness.
Esophageal varices MOST commonly occur in patients who
drink a lot of alcohol.
Which of the following statements regarding the acute abdomen is correct?
The initial pain associated with an acute abdomen tends to be vague and poorly localized.
In contrast to the parietal peritoneum, the visceral peritoneum:
is supplied by nerves of the autonomic nervous system, which are less able to localize pain or sensation.
The MOST common and significant complication associated with an acute abdomen is:
Injury to a hollow abdominal organ would MOST likely result in:
leakage of contents into the abdominal cavity.
The parietal peritoneum lines the:
walls of the abdominal cavity.
An important aspect in the treatment of a patient with severe abdominal pain is to:
provide emotional support en route to the hospital.
Which of the following organs assists in the filtration of blood, serves as a blood reservoir, and produces antibodies?
You respond to the residence of a 70-year-old male who complains of weakness and severe shortness of breath. His wife tells you that he is a dialysis patient, but has missed his last two treatments. After applying high-flow oxygen, you auscultate his lungs and hear diffuse rhonchi. The patient is conscious, but appears confused. His blood pressure is 98/54 mm Hg, his pulse rate is 120 beats/min and irregular, and his respirations are 24 breaths/min and labored. You should:
leave him in a sitting position, keep him warm, and prepare for immediate transport.
Erosion of the protective layer of the stomach or duodenum secondary to overactivity of digestive juices results in:
The kidneys help to regulate blood pressure by:
removing sodium, and thus water, from the body.
A 59-year-old male presents with a sudden onset of severe lower back pain. He is conscious and alert, but very restless and diaphoretic. Your assessment reveals a pulsating mass to the left of his umbilicus. You should:
administer oxygen and prepare for immediate transport.
Most patients with abdominal pain prefer to:
lie on their side with their knees drawn into the abdomen.
Which of the following organs would MOST likely bleed profusely if injured?
Patients with acute abdominal pain should not be given anything to eat or drink because:
substances in the stomach increase the risk of aspiration.
A strangulated hernia is one that:
loses its blood supply due to compression by local tissues.
Which of the following statements regarding gastrointestinal bleeding is correct?
Bleeding within the gastrointestinal tract is a symptom of another disease, not a disease itself.
A 30-year-old woman with a history of alcoholism presents with severe upper abdominal pain and is vomiting large amounts of bright red blood. Her skin is cool, pale, and clammy; her heart rate is 120 beats/min and weak; and her blood pressure is 70/50 mm Hg. Your MOST immediate action should be to:
protect her airway from aspiration.
Pain that may be perceived at a distant point on the surface of the body, such as the back or shoulder, is called:
Which of the following is characteristic of peptic ulcer disease (PUD)?
burning or pain in the stomach that subsides immediately after eating
Remember that the patient is in pain and is probably anxious; he or she requires all your skills of rapid assessment and:
Diverticulitis occurs in which quadrant?
left lower quadrant
An aortic aneurysm will occur in which area of the body?
lower back and lower quadrants
When forming a general impression of the patient during the initial assessment, which important "scale" information should be included?
rule of nines scale
Use OPQRST to ask the patient what makes the pain better or worse. The "S" stands for:
the severity of pain.
During the baseline vital sign check, the last vital sign to change is:
Remember, the condition of a patient with an acute abdomen can change:
rapidly from stable to unstable.
During the focused physical exam, the first step listed to assess the abdomen is:
explain to the patient what you are about to do.
Where will you find localization of pain for a patient with a kidney stone?
radiating to the genitalia
A bladder infection called cystitis is more common than kidney infection, especially in women. Patients with cystitis usually have:
lower abdominal pain
When the waste product that is normally excreted into the urine remains in the blood, this can lead to which of the following conditions?
The type of pain where the patient experiences tenderness when direct pressure is applied but severe pain when that pressure is released is called:
In which condition does the junction between the esophagus and the stomach tear, causing severe bleeding and potentially death?
condition of sudden onset of pain within the abdomen, usually indicating peritonitis; immediate medical or surgical treatment is necessary
inflammation of the appendix
inflammation of the gallbladder
inflammation of the bladder
inflammation in small pockets at weak areas in the muscle walls