Subject Pronoun as a Predicate Nominative
noun or pronoun that follows a form of the verb 'be' and renames or identifies the subject
pronouns that function as/replace the direct object, indirect object, or object compliment of a sentence
The person who made all the arrangements for the trip is "______." (her, she)
she [subject pronoun example]
"Everything intercepts _____ from ourselves" -Ralph Waldo Emmerson (we, us)
us [object pronoun example]
A subject pronoun used when the pronoun functions as a subject or predicate nominative in a sentence or a clause.
A subject pronoun used when the pronoun functions as the direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition in a sentence or clause.
Who and Whom in a subordinate clause
Ignore the rest of the sentence and focus on how it functions in that clause alone.
Appositives in Pronoun Problems
A pronoun referring to a noun or a noun referring to a pronoun.
ex. "The best actors, Elaine and -he-, have the lead roles."
A comparison that comes at the end of a sentence and starts with the word "than" or "as". Choose the pronoun form you would use if the sentence were complete.
ex. "Yan is two inches shorter -than she-"
When a sentence is joined be "Or/Nor"...
use a singular prnoun to refer to two or more singular antecedents.
If a singular AND plural antecedent are joined by "Or/Nor"
Use a pronoun that agrees with the nearer antecedent
In Adjective clauses... [antecedents]
personal pronoun agrees with the word to which the relative pronoun refers
always begins with a preposition and ends with a single object (noun/pronoun) or a compound object (OB). May also include adjectives.
When an appositive/appositive phrase is NOT vital to the meaning of the sentence
sometimes set off by commas
open/conclude/interrupt sentences with
When an appositive phrase is vital to the sentence's meaning
not set off by commas
a verb form that functions as a different part of speech.
includes: gerunds, participles, and infinitives
a verb form that acts as an adjective, modifying a noun or pronoun.
Can come before or after the word it modifies.
made up of a participle and all of its modifiers and complements. Whole phrase acts as an adjective
Verb form that is almost always preceded by the word "to"
acts as a noun, adjective, or adverb
Infinitive, Participial, or Gerund? "Talking, listening, and sharing are all easier outdoors."
talking, listening, and sharing; Gerund
Infinitive, Participial, or Gerund? "The Himalayan trek, organized by professionals, was both safe and exhilarating."
organized by professionals; [past] participle