World History WWI Study Guide

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Militarism

Glorification of the military

Central Powers

Group of countries that included Austria-Hungary, Italy, and Germany

Allied Powers

Group of countries that included UK, France, and Russia. Also includes the United States when they enter the war

Sclieffen Plan

a plan designed for Germany to avoid a two front war by invading Belgium to get to France. This however made Britain mad and declared war against Germany

The Black Hand

The Terrorist group that organized the assassination that was carried out by Gavrilo Princip. Gavrilo Princip was a member of this group. The assassination sparked the World War I

Verdun

A battle that tries to break the stalemate by launching massive attack on French

Somme

British offensive to break german lines. No gain of terroitory

Trench Warfare

type of warfare used in WWI

No Man's Land

the land in between the trenches were many soliders died because of them going over the top. Many of them would die before they even got close to the enemy's trench.

Total War

Channeling of a nations entire resources into a war effort

Propaganda War

spreading of ideas to promote a cause or damage an opposing cause

Lusitania

British liner torpedoed by a German submarine in May 1915

Zimmerman Note

a note that was intercepted by the British from a German foreign minister seeking Mexico's support against the United States in exchange for helping Mexico recapture their lost territory (NM, TX, AZ)

Sussex Pledge

a agreement between the United States and Germany that the unrestricted submarine policy would be altered for safety.

Marne

a battle that ended Germany's hope for a quick victory on the Western Front

Over the top

a military term used when soldiers had to leave their trench and go into the No Man's Land in order to attack the enemy trench

Bunkers

Underground protection from enemy fire and for a place to sleep. They were connected to the trench system

Gavrillo Princip

Assassinated Ferdinand

Francis Ferdinand

His Death Caused WWI

Kaiser William II

German Emperor that offered support to Austria-Hungary to defeat the Black Hand

Georges Clemenceaus

a young French politician that railed the French people to defend their homeland

David Lloyd George

A British ruler that tried to prevent Germany from sinking British ships.

Orlando

He was the Italian Prime Minister at the end of World War I and was one of the 3 leaders that were at the conference of Paris. He joined sides with allies during the war.

Woodrow Wilson

Sent america to war with Germany

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