Physical Therapy

Created by SamanthaTabor 

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40 terms

Arthro

Root- Joint

Isokinetic

Resisted Strengthening- Constant velocity/speed

Osteo

Root- bone

Concentric

Muscle is shortening while contracting

Eccentric

muscle is lengthening and contracting

Isotonic or PRE's

*Resisted Strengthening*-- Change in joint angle
-Progressive Resistance Exercises used for strengthening

Isometric

*Resisted Strengthening*
No joint in angle

Chrondro

root cartilage

Myo

root muscle

ab-

Prefix
away from
ex. abnormal

Dys-

prefix
ill, difficult, bad.
ex. dysfunctional

-itis

suffix
inflammation
(arthritis)

-algia or -dynia

suffix
pain

Physical Therapy

A health care proffesion that is concerned with the prevention and correction of movement disorders arising from conditions or diseases throughout the lifespan

Debridement

surgical removal of foreign material and dead tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and promote healing
*Okay in Ohio*

Neuropathic Ulcers

-problems with nerves
-associated with diabetes

Pressure Ulcers

-"Bed sores" or "decubitus ulcer"
-can develop in less than 2 hours if pressure is unrelieved
-bone squishes against hard surface with skin trapped b/w

Venous Insufficiency Ulcer

Problems with the veins bringing fluid back to the heart

Arterial Insufficiency Ulcer

blood flow not getting to the tissue

-Sclerosis

*suffix*
hardening

-gram

*suffix*
film/x-ray

-nia

*suffix*
inflammation

-trophy

*suffix*
growth

hypo-

*prefix*
decreased

hyper-

*prefix*
increased

arterio

*root*
artery

phlebo, veno

*root*
vein

angio, vaso

*root*
vessels

vascular

*root*
blood vessels

Laryngo

*Root*
voice box

pulmo, pnemo

*root*
Lung

Percussion

Pt use their hands to "clap" on ribcage. sets up sound waves.

Restrictive Lung Disease

Lungs are not able to expand well
Signs and symptoms
-non-productive cough
-shortness of breath
- increased breathing rate
-increased energy required to breath
**pnemonia, coal workers disease, or idiopathic

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

*Respiratory*
Changes in lungs cause abnormal air flow through airways
signs and symptoms: chronic productive cough, excessive mucus production, shortness of breath -> dyspnea
(chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma)

Myocardia Infarction

-heart attach
can be caused by a blood clot in a coronary artery
-CPT prevents blood from getting to the heart

Congestive heart Failure

heart is not pumping blood effectively

Coronary Artery Disease

hardening of the arteries
-plaque formation affects blood flow to heart
risks: smoking, high blood pressure,high cholesterol

Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy

common cardiac conditions

Neurological Physical Therapy

injuries to the nervous system
ex. stroke(CBA-cerebro bascular accident), TBI (traumatic brain injury), Spinal Cord Injury (SCI), MS (Multiple Sclerosis)

Goal of PT treatment

improve and maximize a person's functional abilities during rehab

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