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Aortitis

inflammation of the aorta

embolism

obstruction caused by any foreign substance including a blood clot within that vessel

mitral valve prolapse

disorder characterized by failure of the bicuspid valve to close property

atherosclerosis

abnormal thickening and hardening of fatty plaque within the blood vessels

aneurysm

abnormal widening or ballooning of a blood vessel resulting from a wall weakness

varices

condition of varicose veins in the esophagus

hypertension

disorder characterized by blood pressure

pericardium

the sac containing the heart

Vegetations

small masses composed of fibrin & platelets that collect on the leaflets of the heart of their cords as a result of bacteremia

cardiomyopathy

disease of the heart muscle

myxoma

most common primary tumor of the heart

bruit

soft,blowing sound heard on auscultations that associate with movement of blood or valvular actions

embolus

mass of undissolved matter circulating in blood or lymphatic channel until it becomes lodge in a vessel

arrhythmia

rapid, slow, or irregular heartbeat

insufficiency

inability of heart valves to close properly

coarctation

narrowing of any vessel, especially the aorta

occlusion

blockage of a vessel

vegetation

mass of composed fibrin & platelets that collect on valve leaflets

stains

medications that lowers blood cholesterol levels

diurectics

lower blood pressure

vasodilators

classification of drugs that relax the smooth muscles in arterial walls to decrease blood pressure

sept/o

septum

ather/o

fatty plaque

phleb/o

vein

embol/o

embolus

-gram

recording,writing

-graphy

process or recording

-cardia

heart condition

deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

clot in the vein of the lower leg

coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)

procedure that reroutes blood around an occluded coronary artery

coronary artery disease (CAD)

disease that is treated by a coronary artery bypass graft

aortic stenosis (AS)

narrowing of the aorta

automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (AICD)

a automatic defibrillator

thrombolysis

involves the destruction of a blood clot using anticlotting agents called "clot busters"

sclerotherapy

involves injection of a chemical irritant into a vein to treat varicose veins

stent placement

involves insertion of a device to hold open a vessel, usually performed after vascular surgery

holter monitor

involves an EKG taken with a small portable recorder capable of storing information up to 24 hours

angioplasty

endovascular procedure that reopens narrowing blood vessels

diastolic pressure

the bottom reading of a blood pressure

pericardiocentesis

involves surgical puncture of the fibrous sac surrounding the heart to withdraw fluid for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes

cardiac enzyme studies

bold test that measure the presence and amount of troponin T, troponin I, and creatine kinase

Doppler echocardiograph

diagnostic procedure that accesses blood flow velocity in different areas of the heart

magnetic reasonace angiography

detects blood flow, condition of vessel walls, and blockage without using contrast medium

angioplasty

involves passage of a balloon catheter through an occluded coronary vessel to compass plaque against the artery walls

laser ablation

procedure that coagulates blood inside a varicose vein to collapse and seal it

electrocardiography

records patterns of electrical activity in the heart to help diagnose abnormal heart rhythms

arties

carry blood away from the heart

vein

carry blood back to the heart

infective endocarditis

most commonly caused by bacteria

vascul/o

vessel

endarterectomy

involves surgical removal od plaque from inside of an artery

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