English 10H Literary Terms Final Exam

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allegory

a narrative technique in which characters representing things or abstract ideas are used to convey a message

alliteration

a poetic device where the first consonant sounds or any vowel sounds in dowrds or syllables are repeated

allusion

a reference to a familiar literacy or historical person or event, used to make an idea more easily understood

antithesis

something's direct opposite

archetype

an original model from which all other things of the same kind are made

atmosphere

the prevailing mood of a literary work

caesura

a pause in a line of poetry

cliche

an idea that has become tired from over use, its freshness and clarity having worn off

climax

the turning point in a narrative

conflict

the issue to be resolved in the story

connotation

the impression that a word gives beyond its defined meaning

denotation

the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression

dialect

a type of informational diction

diction

the selection and arrangement of words in a literary work

enjambment

the running over of the structure of a line of verse or couplet into the following verse or couplet

epiphany

when a character suddenly experiences a true realization about himself

exposition

writing intended to explain the nature of an idea

figurative language

a technique in writing in which the author temporarily interrupts the order, construction, or meaning of the writing for a particular effect

flashback

a device used in literature to present action that occurred before the beginning of the story

foil

a character in a work of literature whose qualities contrast strongly with the corresponding qualities of another character

foreshadowing

a device used in literature to create expectation or to set up an explanation of later developments

hyperbole

deliberate exaggeration used to achieve an effect

image

a word, phrase, or figure of speech that addresses the senses, suggesting mental paictures of sights, sounds, smells, tastes, feelings, or actions

irony

the effect of language in which the intended meaning is the opposite of what is stated

metaphor

a figure of speech that expresses an idea through the image of another object

motif

a theme, character, image, metaphor, or other element that recurs throughout a single work of literature

narrator

the teller of a story

personification

a figure of speech that gives human qualities to abstract ideas, animals, and inanimate objects

plot

refers to the pattern of events in a narrative or drama

rhyme

refers to a poem in which words sound identical or very similar and appear in parallel positions in two or more lines

rhythm

a regular pattern of sound, time intervals, or events occurring in writing, most often and most discernably in poetry

satire

a work that uses ridicule, humor, and wit to criticize and provoke change in human nature and institutions

setting

the time, place, and culture in which the action of a narrative takes place

symbol

something that suggests or stands for something else without losing its original identity

theme

the main point of a work of literature

tone

the author's attitude toward his or her audience may be deduced from the _____ of the work

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