Cross cultural psychology chapter 4

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accommodation

changing ones understanding of the world to accomodate ideas that conflic with existing concepts

ambivalent attachment

Goes back and forth between seeking and shunning the mothers attention. Mothers are insensitive and less invovled

animism

The belief that all things, including inanimate objects are alive

assimilation

Fitting new ideas into a preeexisting understanding of the world

attachment

The bond that develops between the infant and the caregiver.

avoidant attachment

Children shun their mothers, who are suspected of being intrusive and overstimulating

centration

The tendency to focus on a single aspect of a problem

cognitive development

Studies how thinking skills develop over time. The major theory of cognitive development is that of Piaget

conservation

an awarness that physical quantities remain the same even when they change shape or appearance

conventional morality

2nd stage in Kohlberg's theory, emphasizing conformity to rules that are defined by others approval or societys rules

difficult temperament

intense, irregular, withdrawing, style that is generally marked by negative moods

easy temperament

a very regular, adaptable, midly intense style of behavior that is positive and responsive

egocentrism

inability to step into anothers shoes and understand the others point of view

goodness of fit

interaction of a child's temperament with that of the parents. a key to the development of personality

great divide theory

Theory that suggests that the thought of westerners is superior to that of people who live in primitive societies

irreversibility

the inability to imagine undoing a process

postconventional morality

3rd stage in Kohlbergs theory emphasizing moral reasoning on the basis of individual principles and conscience

preconventional morality

1st stage in Kohlbergs theory emphasizing compliance with rules to avoid punishment and gain rewards

secure attachment

infants are described as warm and responsive to their caregiver

slow-to-warm-up

type of temperament in which infants need time to make transitions activity and experiences. Withdrawn intially, given time they will adapt and react positively

Temperament

Qualities of responsiveness to the enivorment that exist from birth and evoke different reactions from people in the babys world

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