Nutrition Midterm - Chapter 2

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Currently, the DRI values for the minerals sodium and potassium, and other food constituents, are forthcoming.

FALSE

The primary difference between recommendations for nutrient intakes and values set for energy intake is that the value for energy intake is not generous.

TRUE

The DRI are intentional guidelines that are used around the world.

FALSE

The United States is among many countries that establish and publish guidelines for appropriate nutrient intakes.

TRUE

The absence of Tolerable Upper Intake Level for a nutrient implies that it is safe to consume in any amount.

FALSE

Which of the following statements is not true about the DRI?

They are minimum requirements, not recommendations.

If a nutrient does not have a Tolerable Upper Intake Level, this means that:

insufficient data exists to establish a value.

The DRI Committee recommended a diet that contains _____% of its calories from carbohydrate.

45-65

The Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) are appropriately used for all of the following except:

estimating the nutrient needs of persons with medical problems.

The Daily Values reflect the needs of an "average person" consuming between _____ calories a day.

2,000 and 2, 500

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans are intended for healthy adults and children ages _____ and older.

two

Which of the following is characteristic of Daily Values?

They are ideal for allowing comparisons among foods.

The types of physical activity recommended by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans include all of the following except:

endurance exercises.

The Dietary Guidelines encourage Americans to consume less:

refined grains and added sugars.

Characteristics of food group plans include all of the following except:

they organize foods with respect to their nutrient contents and calorie amounts.

Food group plans primarily dictate:

numbers and sizes of servings to choose each day.

Which of the following foods do not fit into any of the five major food groups in the USDA Food Guide?

margarine, gravy, and jelly

Which of the following foods in the meat, poultry, fish, legumes, eggs, and nuts group of the USDA Food Guide has the highest nutrient density?

chicken with no skin

In the USDA Food Guide, one ounce of meat is equal to all of the following except:

1/2 cup cooked legumes.

The best way for a person to get all the essential nutrients and keep energy intake low is to:

use the principle of the discretionary calorie allowance to plan their diet and choose foods with high nutrient density in each food group

All of the following are true regarding the discretionary calorie allowance except:

the added fat absorbed by the batter in fried chicken does not contribute to discretionary calories.

When planning a healthful diet, you should remember that:

the more physically active you are, the greater your discretionary calorie allowance.

Exchange systems help primarily with:

calorie control.

All of the following are characteristics of exchange systems except:

they sort foods by their carbohydrate contents only.

The bottom portion of the Nutrition Facts panel on a food package:

a and b

The percentages of the Daily Values on food packages are given in terms of a person requiring _____ calories each day.

2, 000

Any food providing 10% or more of the Daily Value for a nutrient is considered to be a _____ source of the nutrient.

good

When comparing the two categories of nutrient standards, the Dietary Reference intakes and the Daily Values, one difference between the two is:

the Daily Values are used in the United States only.

When public health officials were determining the amount of folate to add to grain products in the food supply for fortification, the y most likely reviewed which of the following values for that particular vitamin for women of child-bearing age?

Estimated Average Requirements (EAR)

Concerned about the toxic effects of added nutrients in fortified foods and supplements, when eaten in addition to staple foods, scientists established the _____ category of the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI).

Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (UL)

A person is trying to eat the best diet to reduce the risk of developing chronic disease. She wants to be sure that she will consume adequate nutrients in the best proportions from her foods she selects. Which would be the best DRI recommendation for her to use to ensure she has the best energy nutrient intakes to reduce chronic diseases risk?

Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (AMDR)

Which of the following people would not be covered by the DRI based on assumptions made by the DRI committee?

Robert, a 20 year old with cystic fibrosis

When referring to the DRI recommended intakes, it is important to remember that:

they are based on the latest available scientific research.

The implications of the U.S. Dietary Guidelines include all of the following except:

you will need to carefully plan in detail what to eat for the best benefits.

A person has had the following vegetables over the past week: carrots pinto beans, corn, cauliflower, coleslaw, and mashed potatoes. Which of the following vegetables should he eat to be sure he has had representation of each of the subgroups for the week?

broccoli

You are planning a meal that includes a hamburger on a bun, coleslaw, and French fries. To have a more nutrient-dense meal, you should eat:

pork tenderloin, green peas, brown rice, and strawberries.

Which of the following lunches best fits into a meal plan suggesting that a person eat 1 cup vegetables, 2 ounces grains, and 2 ounces meat/beans at lunch?

stir-fry of 1/2 cup tofu and 1 cup mixed vegetables on 1 cup cooked rice

A woman who has begun a new exercise program to keep herself healthy will need to consider that her discretionary calorie allowance:

will increase as the exercise activity increases.

A 51-year-old sedentary woman still has some discretionary calories available for her evening meal. The best choice for her to select for that meal would be to:

have a serving of cooked carrots with her meal in addition to her salad.

When you see that foods have a discretionary calorie value of zero, you should:

use them because they form the base of the diet in the USDA Food Guide.

When determining the amounts of food to eat from each group in the USDA Food Guide each day, you need to remember that:

the recommended amounts will vary, depending on age, physical activity, and gender.

For what purpose did the USDA develop the MyPyramid as a consumer tool?

to use as an educational tool to help consumers to understand the USDA Food Guide

If vitamin C has been added to cranberry juice, the label must include:

nutrient information and an ingredients list.

You are speaking to a group of consumers about ways to use food labels to choose healthy foods in the grocery store. During your presentation, what would you emphasize?

comparing similar food products based on nutrient components and understanding the descriptive terms used on food labels

The Nutrition Facts Panel on a food label lists the following information for amounts per serving: 111 calories, 23 calories from fat. What percentage of the calories are provided by fat?

21%

If a food label states that a food contains eight percent of the Daily Value for dietary fiber, the food would contain _____ grams of dietary fiber per serving:

two

A food manufacturer has included the following claim on the container label for a product: "Helps maintain normal iron levels." If you were evaluating the claim, you would:

be suspicious because this is a structure/function claim requiring no advance approval.

Blueberries have been leading the way in research on the effectiveness of antioxidants against aging effects on the brain. What would be your comments about eating more blueberries in your diet?

recent studies have mainly been done on laboratory animals so the benefits of increased intake are not known for humans.

Recent research on health benefits of flavonoids found in dark chocolate has shown all of the following except:

chocolate consumption reduces incidence of heart disease.

As more research is showing the possible benefits of phytochemicals for health, the best way to approach consuming them in your diet is to:

include a variety of fruits and vegetable containing phytochemicals in your diet.

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