Final Review: American Revolution

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Review of events of American Revolution

Samuel Prescott

Patriot, who along with Paul Revere, carried the message from Boston to Concord that the British were coming

Paul Revere

Patriot who was known as the "Messenger of the Revolution"

Marquis de Lafayette

French noble who volunteered in the Continental Army during the American Revolution

Thomas Paine

Author of Common Sense, which helped clarify reasons the colonies should become independent from British rule, and The Crisis, which helped morale of Continental Army during difficult times---"these are the times that try men's souls"

Thomas Jefferson

Writer of the Declarartion of Independence---said "we hold these truths to be self evident, all men are created equal"

Ben Franklin

Created first political cartoon---"Join or Die"---later said about colonies that "we must all hang together, or we shall all hang separately"

American Revolution

Also considered a civil war because Patriots and Loyalists in America were fighting against one another.

Writs of assistance

Gave British Customs Officials the right to search the homes and businesses of colonists for any reason

Townshend Acts

Series of acts that were issued by Parliament that put taxes on various goods in the colonies (tea, glass, paper, paint, lead, etc.)

Trenton and Princeton

Locations of early Revolutionary War battles, in which Washington was victorious, and captured much needed supplies--these are sometimes considered surprise victories for the Americans

Valley Forge

Location where Washington and the Continental Army spent a difficult winter.

Saratoga

Battle location in New York that would be known as the "turning point" of the Revolution. The Continental Army was victorious!

Yorktown

The final battle of the Revolution. With the help of the French, the Continental Army was able to trap British General Corwallis, and he would surrender.

John Paul Jones

Won a major naval victory in Revolutionary War in which his ship the Bonhomme Richard stood up to the powerful British Navy (their ship: the Serapis) Jones' famous quote at that battle: "I have not yet begun to fight"

Patrick Henry

Urged his fellow Virginians to form a militia, stated..."Give me liberty or give me death"

Reasons the Americans won the Revolutionary War

knowledge of the geography of the land, help from abroad, fighting on their home soil and skilled leadership

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