Principles of Pharmacology Examples of Drug Classifiactions

35 terms by mmorgan88 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Examples of Drug Classifications CH-32 Kinn's

Adrenergics

Action: Constricts blood vessels, narrows the lumen of a vessel.
Examples: Epinephrine, phenylepinephrine
Primary use: stops superficial bleeding; raises and sustains blood pressure, relieves nasal congestion

Adrenergic Blocking Agents

Vasodilation; decreases blood pressure; increases muscle tone of GI walls. Examples: Lisinopril; amlodipine; metoprolol. Control of hypertension and peripheral vascular disease.

Analgesics

Action: Lessens the sensory function of the brain
Examples: aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, Demerol, vicodin, darvon
Primary use: Pain relief

Anethetics

Action: Produces insensibility to pain or the sensation of pain
Examples: Bupivicaine, lidocaine
Primary use: local or general anesthesia

Antacids

Decrease the acidity in the stomach. Example: (Prilosec), (Protonix), (Riopan). Treatment of gastric hyperacidity

Antianxiety

Reduces anxiety and tension. Example: (Valium), (Xanax). Produces calmness and releases muscle tension.

Anticoagulants

Action: delays or blocks the clotting of blood
Examples: heparin, warfarin
Primary use: treatment of blood clots

Anticonvulsants

Prevents seizures; reduces excessive stimulation of the brain. Examples: (Klonopin), (Dilantin). Primary use: Treatment of epilepsy and other neurologic disorders.

Antiemetics

Action: acts on hypothalamus center in brain
Examples: Comapzine, Tigan, Reglan
Primary use: prevents and relieves nausea and vomiting

Antifungals

Action: slows or retards the multiplication of fungi
Examples: Monistat, Mycostatin
Primary use: treatment of systemic or local fungal infections

Antihistamines

Action: counteracts the effects of histamine, may be used to inhibit gastric secretions
Examples: Benadryl, Phenergan, Zantac
Primary use: relief of allergies; prevention of gastric ulcers

Antihypertensives

Action: blocks nerve impulses that cause arteries to constrict, slows heart rate
Examples: Atenolol, metaprolol
Primary use: reduces and controls blood pressure

Antiinflammatories

Action: acts as an anti-inflammatory or antirheumatic
Examples: NSAIDS (ibuprofen, naproxen), steroids (decadron, prednisone)
Primary use: treatment of arthritis and other inflammatory diseases

Antineoplastic

Action: inhibits the development of and destroys cancerous cells
Examples: Interferon, Hydrea, Cytoxan, Adrucil
Primary use: cancer chemotherapy

Antipruritics

...

Antianxiety

Action: reduces anxiety and tension
Examples: Librium, valium, xanax
Primary use: produces calmness and releases muscle tension

Antidepressants

Action: treats depression
Examples: Prozac, imipramine, amitriptyline
Primary use: mood elevator

Antiepileptic (anticonvulsant)

Action: reduces excessive stimulation of the brain
Examples: Dilantin, Tegretol
Primary use: treatment of epilepsy and other convulsive disorders

Antispasmidic

Action: relieves or prevents spasms from musculoskeletal injury or inflammation
Examples: Soma, Robaxin
Primary use: treatment of sports injuries

Antitussive

Action: inhibits the cough center
Examples: codeine, dextromethorphan
Primary use: suppresses cough

Bronchodilator

Action: relaxes the smooth muscle of the bronchi
Examples: Aminophyllin, theophylline, epinephrine, albuterol
Primary use: treatment of asthma, bronchospasm; promotes bronchodilation

Cathartic

Action: increases activity of large intestine
Examples: MOM, Dulcolax, Metamucil
Primary use: increases and hastens bowel evacuation

Contraceptive

Action: inhibits contraception
Examples: Depo-Provera
Primary use: family planning

Decongestant

Action: relieves local congestion in the tissues
Examples: ephedrine, pseudoephedrine
Primary use: relief of nasal and sinus congestion

Diuretic

Action: inhibits the reabsorption of sodium and chloride in the kidneys
Examples: hydrochlorothiazide, furosemide, triamterene
Primary use: increases urinary output, decreases blood pressure

Expectorant

Action: increases secretions and mucus from the bronchial tubes
Examples: Benylin, Robitussin
Primary use: upper respiratory tract congestion

Hemostatic

Action: controls bleeding
Examples: vitamin K, Gelfoam, Surgicel
Primary use: Control of acute or chronic blood clotting

Hypnotic

Action: induces sleep and lessens activity of the brain
Examples: secobarbital, flurazepam, tamazepam
Primary use: insomnia

Hormone Replacement

Action: Parasympathetic blocking agent; reduces spasm in smooth muscle
Examples: scopolamine, atropine
Primary use: dry secretions

Antibiotics

Action: kills or inhibits growth of microorganisms
Examples: ceclor, tetracycline, amoxicillin
Primary use: treatment of bacterial infections

Anticholinergic

Action: replaces or compensates hormone deficiency
Examples: insulin, Synthroid, estrogen
Primary use: maintenance of adequate hormone levels

Miotic

Action: causes the pupil to contract
Examples: carbachol, pilocarpine
Primary use: counteracts pupil dilation

Mydriatic

Action: dilates the pupil of the eye
Examples: atropine sulfate
Primary use: ophthalmological examinations

Narcotic

Action: depresses the CNS
Examples: Natural (codeine, morphine), Synthetic (Demerol, methadone)
Primary use: pain relief

Sympathetic blocking agent

Action: blocks certain functions of the adrenergic nervous system
Examples: propanolol, metaprolol
Primary use: treatment of cardiovascular conditions

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set