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Doric Order

There is no base in doric order. It works well horizontally on buildings, that's why it was so good with the long rectangular buildings made by the Greeks.

Pediment

A triangular structure on the top.

Entablature

The upper section of a classical building, resting on the columns and constituting the architrave, frieze, and cornice.

Column

It is a vertical support of roof. Meets the entablature by the capital.

cella

It is the heart of the building, the most important part. The inner area of an ancient temple.

Porch

It is the introductory space to a building

Colonnade

It is a series of columns that goes around the building.

freize

A broad horizontal band of sculpted or painted decoration, esp. on a wall near the ceiling.

barrel vault

A vault forming a half cylinde

basicila

an important church building designated by the pope because they carry special spiritual, historical, and/or architectural significance.

oculus

A round or eyelike openin

coffers

is a sunken panel in the shape of a square, rectangle, or octagon in a ceiling, soffit or vault

longitudinal church

The longitudinal planned churches lead with a porch and are long and rectangular shaped.

nave

The central part of a church building, intended to accommodate most of the congregation.

transept

Either of the two parts forming the arms of the cross shape, projecting at right angles from the nave.

apse

A large semicircular or polygonal recess in a church, arched or with a domed roof

clerestory

The upper part of the nave, choir, and transepts of a large church, containing a series of windows

groin vault

produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults

rib vault

The intersection of two or three barrel vaults produces a rib-vault or ribbed vault when they are edged with an armature of piped

buttress

Provide (a building or structure) with projecting supports built against its walls: "a buttressed wall".

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