Psychology 100 - Mind and Consciousness

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25 terms · College level psychology 100.

Dr. Wolski does research on the possible relationship between neurotransmitter levels and moods. Dr. Wolski probably is a specialist in

biological psychology.

An electrical signal that travels down the axon of a neuron is called the

action potential.

Reuptake refers to the

absorption of excess neurotransmitter molecules by a sending neuron.

Opiate drugs occupy the same receptor sites as

endorphins.

An undersupply of the major inhibitory neurotransmitter known as ________ is linked to seizures.

GABA

Information travels through axons that are bundled into the "cables" that we call

nerves

Messages are transmitted from your spinal cord to your heart muscles by the

autonomic nervous system.

After discovering that the shadows outside his window were only the trees in the yard, Ralph's blood pressure decreased and his heartbeat slowed. These physical reactions were most directly regulated by his

parasympathetic nervous system.

The hypothalamus influences the ________ to send messages to the ________.

pituitary; endocrine glands

An amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweep across the surface of the brain is called a(n)

EEG

Which portion of the cerebral cortex is located nearest the top of the head just behind the frontal lobes?

parietal lobes

The part of the brainstem that controls heartbeat and breathing is called the

medulla

The surgical removal of a large tumor resulted in massive loss of brain tissue from Leonardo's occipital lobe. Leonardo is most likely to suffer some loss of

visual perception

The association areas are located in the

cerebral cortex

After suffering a head injury in a biking accident, Louis lost his ability to read, even though he could see well, speak fluently, and understand what others are saying. His cortex was most likely damaged in

the angular gyrus

Damage to the left cerebral hemisphere is most likely to reduce a person's ability to

solve arithmetic problems.

Those whose corpus callosum is surgically severed are said to be patients with

split brains

While a man provides directions to a construction worker, two experimenters rudely pass between them carrying a door. The man does not notice that the construction worker was replaced by a different person during the interruption. This illustrates

change blindness

Jordanna has decided to go to bed early. Although her eyes are closed and she's very relaxed, she has not yet fallen asleep. An EEG is most likely to show the presence of

alpha waves

Which of the following sleep stages is said to be a transitional stage immediately prior to deep sleep?

Stage 3 sleep

Creative thinking and a capacity to spot connections among novel pieces of information is most likely to be facilitated by

a complete night's sleep

A need to take larger and larger doses of sleeping pills to avoid insomnia indicates

tolerance

Mr. Oates always sleeps restlessly, snorting and gasping throughout the night. It is most likely that Mr. Oates suffers from

sleep apnea

When dreamers' faces were lightly sprayed with cold water, they were more likely than other dreamers to experience

dreams about water

According to Freud, the latent content of a dream refers to

its underlying but censored meaning

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