Medical Terminology Mid Term Exan

99 terms by deannacparker

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Phlebostenosis

stricture or narrowing of a vein

Gastroscope

instrument used for visual examination of the stomach

carcinogenesis

the production, development, or origin of cancer.

diplopia

double vision

amastia

absence of a breast

retroperitoneal

behind the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity.

quadriplegia

paralysis of both arms and both legs

hypodermic

injected under the skin

epithelia tissue

forms a protective cover (injury and microbial)
*location: cover body and organ, forms inner lining of body cavities.

peristalsis

the process of wave-like muscle contractions of the alimentary tract that moves food along.

cervical

neck region

malaise

a sense of uncase; depression

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in abdominal cavity

magnetic resonance imaging

the use of nuclear magnetic resonance of protons to produce proton density images

anastomosis

a natural or surgical joining of parts or branches of tubular structures so as to make or become continuous.

positron emission tomography

using a computerized radiographic technique to examine the metabolic activity in various tissues (especially in the brain)

melanocytes

cells that contain melanin-give skin color

hyperhidrosis

excessive sweating

pressure sores

are the breakdown of skin and underlying tissues due to constant pressure and lack of oxygen to the affected area.

first degree burn

involves only epithelium; redness, hear (example: sunburn)

alopecia

baldness

abscess

symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue.

pruritis

itching

cryosurgery

the use of extreme cold (usually liquid nitrogen) to destroy unwanted tissue (warts or cataracts or skin cancer)

fulguration

destruction of living tissue with an electric spark

antihistamines

blocks the action of histamine and helps prevent symptoms of allergy.

congenital hernia

indirect inguinal hernia that is present at birth

perforated ulcer

ulcer extending all the way through the wall of the stomach

irritable bowel syndrome

a common condition of unknown cause with symptoms that can include intermittent cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, and/or diarrhea.

dyaphagia

difficulty in swallowing

hernia

rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes.

volvulus

twisting of the intestine on itself.

gingivitis

inflammation of the gums

cheilitis

inflammation and cracking of the skin of the lips

protoscopy

an instrument consisting of a tube or speculum equipped with a light, used to examine the rectum.

colonscope

instrument used for visual examination of the colon

epiglottis

a flap of cartilage that covers the wind pipe while swallowing

pneumonia

inflammation of the lungs

rale

bubbling or noisy sound caused by fluid or mucus in the air passages

consolidation

combining into a solid mass

bruit

soft blowing sound heard on auscultation caused by turbulent blood flow.

insufficiency

(pathology) inability of a bodily part or organ to function normally

vegetation

an abnormal growth or excrescence (especially a warty excrescence on the valves of the heart)

vegetations

small masses lodged in the weakened heart tissue that are composed of fibrin and platelets, usually collect on the leaflets of the valves and their cords causing backflow of blood.

Doppler echocardiography

imaging method used to study the rate and pattern of blood flow.

magnetic resonance angiography

magnetic resonance imaging of the heart and blood vessels for evaluation of pathology

electrocardiography

diagnostic procedure consisting of recording the activity of the heart electronically with a cardiograph ( and producing a cardiogram)

stent placement

use of a device to hold open vessels or tubes

sclerotherapy

chemical injection into a varicose vein that causes inflammation and formation of fibrous tissue, which closes the vein.

cardiac enzyme studies

blood test that measures troponin T, troponin I, and creatinine Kinase (CK-MB)

KERATOLYTICS

destroys and softens the outer layer of the skin so that it is sloughed off or shed.

arthr/itis

inflammation of a joint or joints.

cardi/o/graph

medical instrument that records electric currents associated with contractions of the heart.

col/o, colon/o

colon, large intestine

vas/o

vessel

arteri/o

artery

tachy-

rapid

dia-

through, across

contra-

against

peri-

around

infra-

below

brady-

slow

an-

without

-malacia

softening

-megaly

enlargement

-centeses

surgical puncture

-rrhea

discharge, flow

-gram

record, writing

-penia

decrease, deficiency

-algia

pain

-pathy

disease

-ptysis

spitting

to build the plural form of words ending in "is"

drop "is" and add "es"

etiology of measles

infectious

pathological condition

morbid

exocrine glands secrete substances through ducts to an

outer body surface

a shave biopsy removes elevated lesions using a

surgical blade

test that identifies microorganisms or parasites present in feces

stool culture

test that detects the presence of occult (hidden) blood in feces

stool guaiac

physician that specializes in treatment of the gums

periodontitis

medication used to control nausea and vomiting

antiemetic

medication used to control heartburn and acid reflux

antacid

diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs in the

pulmonary capillaries

nares are divided by the

septum

collapsed or airless lung

atelectasis

imaging test that combines computed tomography (CT) and angiography to produce images of pulmonary arteries

computed tomography pulmonary angiography

medication that suppresses cough

antitussive

medication that acts on immune system by blocking production of substances that trigger allergic and inflammatory actions

corticosteroid

valve located between the right atrium and right ventride

tricuspid

circular muscle found in tubular structures that regulates passage of substances

sphincter

microscopic vessel that enables nutrients and oxygen to pass into the surrounding tissues

capillary

chest pain associated with coronary artery disease

angina pectoris

quivering or spontaneous muscle contraction, especially of the heart

fibrillation

drugs that inhibit conversion of angiotensin 1 to angiotensin 2

ACE inhibitors

abbreviation that refers to diagnosis

IMP

the route of nutrition of medication administered through a tube inserted through the nose and into the stomach is charted as

NG (nasogastric)

abbreviation for series of radiographic images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine

UGIS

abbreviation for blood test that evaluates liver injury and function

LFT (liver function test)

abbreviation for procedure that reroutes blood around an occluded coronary artery

CABG

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