Reign of Terror
the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed
French general who became emperor of the French (1769-1821)
assembly of the estates of all France
The political prison and armory stormed on July 14, 1789, by Partisian city workers alarmed by the king's concentration of troops at Versailles, A prison fortress in Paris that was attacked and destroyed on July 14, 1789, at the start of the French Revolution
a political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
educated, middle class of France; provided force behind the Revolution
instrument of execution that consists of a weighted blade between two vertical poles
- King of France (1774-1792). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in 1793.
queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular
A French political leader of the eighteenth century. A Jacobin, he was one of the most radical leaders of the French Revolution. He was in charge of the government during the Reign of Terror, when thousands of persons were executed without trial. After a public reaction against his extreme policies, he was executed without trial.
Tennis court oath
vow by members of the 3rd estate not to disband until a constitution was written
riot on price of bread
Declaration of Rights of Man
National Assembly's statement, reflecting on Enlightenment ideas, saying everyone is equal
A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.
a group of communists who overthrew the democratic Russian government
Marxist thinker, skillful speaker, and stalin's rivil after death of Lenin
abdicated his throne because russia was suffering and then he and his family were shot and killed
1905, peaceful protest to czar Nicholas II palace, led by Father Gapon, fired on by palace guards, 100s died
Bolsheviks become the leaders of Russia. women fighting for food prices.
Nov. 1917 when Lenin and Bolshevik followers over threw provisional government and took over the Russian government
Why do revolutions begin?
begin if :
-people demand change
ex. french revolutions the 3rd estate paid all taxes and so they decided to revold against 1st and 2nd estate.
ex. alot of deficit spending by the government. this caused economy to crumble and 3rd estate had to fix it
How can one predict a revolution?
-there is finiancial crisis
ex russian revolution there were many wars so ecomony was in debt also Czar was a bad leader.
How do people conduct a revolution?
- having willing participants
-a reason for the revolution
ex. french revolution only 3rd estate paid taxes and had many participants to revolt
How do revolutions affect society?
-people change and so does socirty
-more freedoms and more rights.
ex. in french revolution liberty, equality and fraternity was achieved. nobles and kings gave up power.
How does revolution impact personal identity?
-changes person's class status
ex. in french + russian revolution people got their rights ans equality.