Healthy Living Online Unit 1-7

404 terms by Heliham 

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Describe the major differences between a person with good wellness and one heading toward premature death.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: People with wellness have maintained balance between the six dimensions of health over a long period of time. Everyone has their ups and downs in various parts of their lives, but striving to improve the six dimensions of health at all times is the sign of a person with wellness. On the other hand, when the six dimensions of health are not properly maintained, premature death is often the result.

Physical health refers to the degree of functionality of a person's body.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

T
F

T

Compare and contrast mental health and emotional health.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Mental illness is related to a person's ability to deal with the demands of daily life. We all face ups and downs; coping with these fluctuations is a measure of our mental health. Emotional health refers to one's ability to express feelings in an appropriate manner. Emotions are part of being human, but an inability to express them can lead to difficulties in life.

Which of these factors does NOT significantly affect our wellness?
A.
number of siblings
B.
heredity
C.
environment
D.
culture

A

Explain how hereditary diseases are passed from one generation to another.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Hereditary diseases are passed from one generation to the next through the human gene structure called DNA. Children have very similar gene structures to their parents, so traits, appearance, and diseases are often passed from parents to children.

Discuss the importance of your peer group with regard for striving toward wellness.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: We tend to make choices that are similar to those made by the people with whom we spend the most time. If your peer group values and strives for wellness, then you are likely to do the same. Conversely, if your peers have poor wellness, then you may also suffer.

Identify the characteristics of a physically healthy person.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows:
A physically healthy person eats healthy food, exercises regularly, avoids harmful habits, prevents injuries, and gets adequate rest each day.

Two components of your environment that can affect your wellness are peer influence and role models.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

T
F

T

Cancer and diabetes are two common hereditary diseases.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

T
F

T

Explain how poor physical health may affect your social health.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Poor physical health can result in an unhealthy body composition, which in turn, may lower your self-esteem. A low self-esteem makes it more difficult to create healthy social bonds. Poor physical health may also make it more difficult to participate in many social activities.

Overall Health

The combination of physical, emotional, mental, social, spiritual and environmental well-being.

Value

A strong belief or ideal.

Wellness

The state of optimal well-being in which a person is at their best in all six dimensions of health.

Enviorment

A person's living and nonliving surroundings.

Culture

The shared values, beliefs, and practices of a group.

Media

The various methods of communicating information.

Technology

The application of technical processes and knowledge to meet people's needs and wants.

Lifestyle Diseases

Diseases caused by a combination of heredity, environment, and unhealthy lifestyle choices.

Controllable Risk Factor

Health risk factors over which individuals have some measure of control.

Uncontrollable Risk Factor

Health risk factors over which individuals do not have control.

Public Service Announcement (PSA)

Message created to educate people about issues.

Advocate

Someone who speaks out or argues in favor of something.

Health Education

Providing accurate health information to help people make healthy choices.

Risk Factor

Anything that increases the likelihood of injury, disease, or other health problems.

Health Literacy

A person's capacity to learn about and understand health information and services.

Define and describe the different types of risk factors.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows:
Risk factors are anything that increase your chances of injury, illness, or health problems. There are two types or risk factors: controllable and uncontrollable. Uncontrollable risk factors are those like age, gender, race, etc., which you cannot change. Controllable risk factors relate to your situation or behavior choices.

Heart disease is a hereditary risk factor in Jamal's family. Describe and discuss what kinds of behavioral choices he could make to reduce his risk of developing this disease.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows:
Sedentary lifestyle, drug and alcohol use, tobacco use, and poor diet are factors he can control. Unacceptable examples would include: Heredity, age, or gender

Compare the most likely cause of death for an individual born in 1900 and an individual born in 2006.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows:
In 1900, communicable diseases, like pneumonia, TB, influenza, chicken pox, and polio, were the most common causes of death. In 2006, lifestyle diseases, like cancer, heart disease, and stroke, were the most common causes of death.

Heart disease and cancer were two of the most common causes of death in 2006.

T

Someone who promotes health and chooses safe, healthy, and legal behaviors is demonstrating which of the following skills?
A.
being a critical thinker
B.
being a problem solver
C.
being responsible
D.
being an effective communicator

C

Heart disease, lung disease, and diabetes can be considered __________.
A.
lifestyle diseases
B.
hereditary diseases
C.
contagious diseases
D.
environmental conditions

A

What are three things you could do if you were asked to become an advocate for health and wellness?

Response will vary. A sample response follows:
Leading by example, volunteering my time, and raising public awareness by creating public service announcements are three things I can do if I were asked to become an advocate for health and wellness.

An advertisement on the radio warning the public against the dangers of smoking is called a __________.
A.
public service declaration
B.
public health message
C.
public service announcement
D.
public health initiative

C

Lifestyle diseases are caused by a combination of __________.
A.
heredity, unhealthy behaviors, and the environment
B.
lifestyle choices, the environment, and current epidemics
C.
your habits, your diet, and your friends
D.
the environment, your history, and current medications taken

A

If you wanted to improve your health by making better lifestyle choices, what are five choices that you could make?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows:
Getting 8 to 10 hours of sleep each night; eating a healthy breakfast; maintaining a healthy weight; being active for 30 minutes most days; avoiding tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs; managing stress; maintaining positive relationships; practicing safe behaviors, such as safe sex and wearing safety equipment.

short-term goal

Goals that take days, weeks, or months to achieve; help achieve long-term goals

long-term goals

Goals that take over six months to several years to accomplish.

decision making skills

The learned ability to formulate and follow through with a particular decision.

collaborate

To work together with one or more people.

Describe the key factors in correcting a poor decision.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Stop-Think-Go. Stop and admit that you made a poor decision and don't cast blame on others. Think about whom you can talk to and discuss options to correct the situation. Go and do your best to correct the problem, which includes leaving the situation if necessary, reporting unsafe situations, and apologizing to those you have hurt.

Economic factors in decision making fall under the category of __________.
A.
external factors
B.
internal factors
C.
decision impacts
D.
consequence types

A

Every decision has consequences. True or False.

T

When making decisions, you should not worry about how your decision will affect others.

F

How can a decision impact others?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Every decision has consequences that affect the person making the decision as well as others involved. These consequences can be immediate or long-lasting. The consequences of decisions can be positive, negative, or a combination of both.

Why are poor decisions made?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Poor decisions are made when people have poor decision-making skills, when they do not consider the consequences of their decisions, when they do not understand all the factors involved in decisions, when they make decisions based on emotion, or when they make decisions impulsively.

Describe internal factors of decision making.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Internal factors that affect decision making include attitude, emotions, and ethics. Attitude is how you react when faced with making a decision. It is best to have a positive attitude because it often helps one see more options as well as make decision making easier. Next, decisions can also be made based on how you feel. This emotional decision making can lead to poor decisions or roadblocks and should generally be avoided. The last factor is ethics. Ethics influence the way you live and an ethically motivated person will make decisions based on what they believe is just and fair. Values, goals, and priorities are the foundation upon which wise decisions are made.

One reason poor decisions are often made is because of impulsiveness. True or False.

T

Describe the decision-making process STRONG.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: S: State the issue. What decisions need to be made? T: Think about your list of options. What's important? Are there possible alternatives? R: Rate the consequences for each option (HELP).O: Organize your thoughts. Reflect on your values.N: Narrow down the possibilities to one and act on it.G: Go over your decision. Did you achieve the desired outcome? Do you need to make changes?

Which of these is NOT a routine decision?
A.
what time to go to bed at night
B.
deciding to end a relationship
C.
what to have for dinner
D.
what to wear to school

B

goals

A future desired achievement or objective a person plans to accomplish.

tasks

Activities which must be completed in order to accomplish goals.

objective measure

A method of assessing whether a condition or goal has been met which is free from bias, wishful thinking, or opinion.

objective acknowledgement

A method of tracking whether actions necessary to completing a goal have been accomplished.

subjective rating

A method for tracking goals that are based on feelings, emotions, or other hard to measure metrics.

accountability

A system for ensuring tasks and goals are completed.

mentor

An experienced individual who can help encourage and motivate a more inexperienced person to achieve their goals.

action plan

A list of steps which help individuals achieve their goals by describing the tasks necessary to the completion of the goal.

Explain why it is important to create measurable goals.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows:
It is important to create measurable goals in order to determine the point at which the goal has been achieved. Also, a measurable goal can help improve motivation by allowing an individual to effectively track progress toward meeting the goal. This step-by-step tracking can also help an individual create a more efficient plan to achieve a goal, thereby increasing the likelihood that it will be achieved.

Why is it important to set realistic goals?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Setting realistic goals is important because it keeps an individual's motivation up. An individual who sets unrealistic goals is more likely to become discouraged through the process and is therefore more likely to give up on the goal. By setting realistic goals, an individual can maintain motivation and stick to established timelines, culminating in the successful completion of a goal.

Explain the process of creating an effective list of tasks to accomplish a goal.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Tasks are activities that must be done on a daily or recurring basis in order to accomplish a goal. An individual who wishes to accomplish a goal must determine what tasks must be completed in order to reach the goal. An effective list of tasks will include the necessary steps an individual should take to reach the desired goal. For example, a student wishing to obtain a driver's license might set tasks for practicing driving, taking practice written tests for the driving exam, and reviewing the driving laws.

Summarize the main steps an individual should take when developing an action plan.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: The first step in developing an action plan is to clarify the goal by visualizing an outcome, determining the goal's measurability, and by looking at possible difficulties that may arise in pursuing the goal. The second step is to create a list of possible actions by brainstorming as many ideas as possible. After this brainstormed list is developed, it should be analyzed and prioritized so that only the essential actions remain. These essential actions should be organized into a plan of sequenced steps. Finally, the plan should be monitored and reviewed to determine its effectiveness toward reaching a goal. If it can be improved, the plan should be adjusted to optimize results.

What is the purpose of an action plan?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: An action plan can identify ways that milestones and short-term goals can be reached while working toward a long-term goal.

Which of the following is NOT a necessary step to effectively prioritize goals?
A.
determining a set of tasks for each goal
B.
deciding which goals are most important
C.
outlining goals
D.
organizing goals into categories

A

sebaceous gland

A gland which secretes oily sebum, which lubricates the hair and skin.

ultraviolet radiation

Invisible form of light produced by the sun which can cause tanning, sunburn, and cancer.

Why does a lack of sleep affect your body's performance?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Sleep is required for the body to recover from the day's activities. If you don't rest the body adequately, the by-products of the previous day will impair your ability to function effectively.

What is the purpose of the sweat glands in our skin?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Sweat glands secrete liquid onto the surface of the skin when our body temperature rises. When the sweat evaporates, the skin and the body are cooled.

Explain why some people think that indirect sunlight will not cause skin damage.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: When there are clouds or a window in between us and the sunlight, it's common to believe that all the ultraviolet radiation from the sun will be blocked. A large amount of the UV radiation is blocked, but we often make the mistake of staying outside longer on a cloudy day and getting sunburned.

Eating a well-balanced diet helps to maintain healthy skin.

T

Describe steps you can take if you have difficulty falling asleep.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Important steps to help people fall asleep include establishing a bedtime routine, making sure your bed is comfortable, blocking out extra light and noise, and exercising regularly.

Give a summary of the guidelines for using sunscreen to prevent overexposure.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Be sure to buy sunscreen of at least 15 SPF and apply it to all areas of the skin that will be exposed to sunlight at least 20 minutes before going outside. Generally, sunscreen should be reapplied every 2 hours. If you exercise moderately, sweat, or swim during that time, you should reapply more often.

Describe the key steps for maintaining healthy skin.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Healthy skin is the result of eating a healthy diet, washing frequently, avoiding oily products, and resisting the temptation to pick at skin blemishes.

Which of the following is an important hygiene practice for your nails?
A.
polish and paint
B.
regular trimming
C.
moisturizing
D.
periodic removal of entire nail

B

One factor that can increase sensitivity to sunlight is genetics.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

T
F

T

social physique anxiety

A mental condition, describing someone who's thoughts are constantly worrying about what others think of their physical appearance.

self-presentation

The extent to which one demonstrates their qualifications, initiative, and likelihood to succeed.

binge drinking

Consuming dangerously large quantities of alcohol in one session.

pharmacist

A person licensed to prepare and dispense medications.

Outline the steps needed to analyze media messages we experience each day.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: The first step is to figure out the message the advertisement is sending. Secondly, you should decide what the commercial is trying to sell. Next, you should make a decision about how this message affects you. Finally, decide if you will act on the advertisement or not.

Identify three of the key messages used by advertisers when promoting their products.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Three key messages often used are: 1. "Everyone is doing it"; 2. "It's fun to use our products"; 3. "You will be successful if you use our products."

Support the argument that the increased accessibility to health information is a positive development.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Before the Information Age, there were only a few places to get medical information. Doctors, nurses, and pharmacists held the keys to all medical knowledge. Now, all people with Internet access have the ability to gather medical information and make informed decisions on their treatment and care.

What information do you need to share with your doctor to avoid a possible bad reaction to medication?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: A doctor needs to know whether any other medications are being taken by the patient or if the patient is planning on taking any other medications in the near future. The doctor also needs to know whether the the patient has experienced any allergies to previous medications or even to types of food.

Compare and contrast emergency procedures and elective procedures.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Emergency procedures are those that are life threatening and must be resolved quickly. Elective procedures may be important but can wait for the appropriate time and place to be completed.

Which of the following are NOT common buzz words found on the labels of health products?
A.
No Side Effects!
B.
Miracle Cure!
C.
No Natural Ingredients!
D.
Studies Underway!

C

Misleading advertising messages regarding fast food are often given by __________.
A.
politicians
B.
doctors
C.
athletes
D.
dentists

C

Most fast-food advertisements focus on the high levels of salt and fat contained in the food.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

T
F

F

Cost is a major factor for consumers when purchasing health products.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

T
F

T

Discuss the growing concerns over credibility of online medical resources.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: The ease with which information can be published to the Internet makes it possible for anyone to publish incorrect information to the world. As more and more online sources of medical information emerge, it becomes more difficult to discern which are credible.

health risk appraisal

An assessment tool used to evaluate an individual's health.

environmental tobacco smoke

Air that has been contaminated by tobacco smoke.

heart healthy lifestyle

Lifestyle strategies meant to prevent heart disease.

health and wellness coach

A health professional who collaborates with clients about fitness, nutrition, and weight management.

lifestyle and weight management consultant

A health and fitness professional who develops weight management programs for clients.

group fitness instructor

A health and fitness professional who teaches a variety of fitness classes.

personal trainer

A health and fitness professional who works individually with clients to develop customized exercise plans.

dietician

A health professional who manages food service systems by planning food and nutrition programs.

chronic disease

A long-lasting or recurrent disease.

community health centers

Facilities that provide primary healthcare to medically undeserved populations.

Describe one reason that the demands on healthcare systems have increased in recent years?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Demands on the healthcare system have increased in recent years for the following reasons: the population at large is aging, the average lifespan is longer, and there are more instances of chronic illness.

HMO coverage has much more flexibility than PPO coverage.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

T
F

F

Describe an instance where you would go to the emergency room instead of scheduling an appointment to see your primary care physician.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Emergency room visits are preferred when someone's health is in immediate danger and immediate attention is necessary.

Which type of medical insurance typically offers the least amount of flexibility in selecting a primary care physician?
A.
HMO
B.
PPO
C.
POS
D.
HSA

A

Why is it important to understand the different types health professionals?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Knowing what each healthcare professional does will help people select the right professional for their problem, which can lead to a quicker diagnosis, treatment, and recovery.

How can an in-school program help prevent self-destructive behaviors among teens?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Programs can offer information that the teens don't have. Programs can offer a source of social support. Programs can show teens that someone cares about them. Programs can mentor and tutor teens.

Which of the following is NOT a duty a nurse would perform?
A.
Nurses provide ongoing care to patients.
B.
Nurses help patients recover from conditions.
C.
Nurses help patients maintain their health.
D.
Nurses prescribe medicine to their patients.

D

How do disease prevention programs try to reduce cardiovascular disease?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Disease prevention programs try to reduce cardiovascular disease by making improvements to the environment and by promoting heart healthy lifestyles. Programs also place a lot of emphasis on prevention and public awareness.

Prescription drugs account for 25% of all healthcare-related costs.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

T
F

F

Julie needs to find a primary care physician. Which of the following processes would be the BEST for her to follow?
A.
make a list of doctors, check on their skills, make an appointment
B.
contact two or three doctors, research their skills, make a list of the ones you dislike
C.
evaluate different doctors, contact other doctors, make a list of their skills
D.
make a list of doctors, make an appointment, research their credentials

A

recreational water illness

Illness caused by germs and through contact with contaminated water in swimming pools, hot tubs, water play areas, interactive fountains, lakes, rivers, or oceans.

drownproofing

Method of water survival utilizing the natural tendency of the human body to float.

What types of outdoor activities can be impacted by pollution and how can they be affected?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Air pollution can irritate respiratory conditions and make it hard to breath, especially for the elderly and children. Since illness can be caused by bacteria that live in water, pollution in water can lead to serious illness.

Why might an older house have more safety risks than a new one?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Older homes did not have the same safety requirements when they were constructed that newly built homes now have to meet; any preventative measures like smoke alarms were left up to the home owners. It is also possible that wiring may have become damaged over the years and gone unnoticed, leaving the home at risk of a fire.

Which of the following is NOT a safety precaution that should be practiced at home?
A.
unplugging electrical appliances not in use
B.
storing flammable materials in a cool place
C.
turning off the television at night
D.
not overloading outlets

C

Why is it important to consider wildlife when planning an outdoor activity?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: For safety, it is important to consider the danger of aggressive animals like bears or wolves when planning an outdoor activity because an attack could potentially be fatal. It is also very important to plan for things like poisonous plants and harmful insects to determine if it is necessary to carry insect repellant and first aid ointments.

Pollution does not generally impact the safety of outdoor activities since it's generally restricted to cities.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

T
F

F

Give an example of how participating in a water activity by yourself could be dangerous, even if it is a simple activity that you frequently do.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Fishing is a popular water sport that sometimes requires balance and strength while in a boat that does not provide stable ground. It would be easy to lose balance and fall out of the boat, which could result in head trauma if there is a rock in the water. If nobody is around, even minor injuries could result in fatality.

Which of the following would NOT be considered proper safety equipment for an outdoor excursion?
A.
a helmet for biking
B.
long sleeves and pants for places with rocks and thick forest growth
C.
bathing suit for water activities
D.
a compass or GPS device

C

Water on the kitchen floor at home is considered a safety hazard.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

T
F

T

Why is it a good idea to keep the number to the poison control center in a handy place at home?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: In the event of a poison being ingested, the poison control center can identify the extent of the danger and advise on measures to take to help in the victim's recovery.

What are three things you can do to prevent a fire from occurring in your home?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: To prevent a fire from occurring, one should keep flammable materials away from heaters, use appliances according to manufacturer specifications, keep matches and lighters away from children, unplug electrical appliances when not in use, and avoid overloading outlets.

first aid

Emergency treatment given to an individual to stabilize and treat acute injuries until proper medical care can be provided.

cardiac arrest

Abnormal heart rhythms that result in the cessation of heart activity.

Heimlich maneuver

First aid technique used to dislodge objects blocking a choking individual's windpipe using forceful abdominal thrusts.

abdominal thrust

Forceful upward movement of a rescuer's fist in the stomach of an individual who is choking, as part of the Heimlich maneuver.

cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

A first aid technique used on those thought to be in cardiac arrest involving rescue breathing and chest compressions.

Which of the following is NOT a necessary first aid procedure for treating cuts?
A.
calling for emergency assistance
B.
cleaning the wound
C.
applying pressure
D.
applying antibacterial ointment

A

Which of the following would you NOT expect to find in a standard first aid kit?
A.
bandages
B.
antibiotic ointment
C.
pain relievers
D.
neck splints

D

Compare and contrast the three different classifications of burns.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: First-degree burns are the most minor burns, such as mild sunburns and scalding by hot but not boiling water. They redden the skin and cause a small amount of pain. Second-degree burns are more severe than first-degree burns and are typified by blisters and increased pain. Third-degree burns are the most severe and result in a large loss of skin and damage to the nerves in the skin, which actually can make them less painful than second-degree burns despite being far more damaging.

Which of the following procedures for providing first aid for severe bleeding is NOT correct?
A.
The victim should sit upright.
B.
The wound should be elevated.
C.
Gloves should be worn.
D.
New bandages should be placed on top of old bandages.

A

Why is the first step in responding to life-threatening situations to assess the situation?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Before initiating first aid, the provider needs to assess the situation. If the environment is hazardous, steps may need to be taken before first aid may commence. Effective first aid will not be possible, if either the provider or the victim is in danger of further injury. Only after ensuring that first aid can be provided safely should care actually be provided.

How can knowing common first aid skills help prevent infection and facilitate the healing process?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Skills such as applying bandages and antibiotic ointment are important not only at the time of injury but also afterwards during the recovery process. Knowing the proper procedure for cleaning and dressing a wound can help prevent infections during the recovery process, which aids healing. Knowledge of first aid also helps an individual know what actions and behaviors are more and less conducive to recovering from an injury.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a first aid technique for individuals in cardiac arrest that involves __________.
A.
a defibrillator and rescue breathing
B.
rescue breathing and chest compressions
C.
a defibrillator and chest compressions
D.
chest compressions and adrenaline injections

B

How can providing first aid care be hazardous for the person providing the assistance?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Providing first aid can be hazardous to the provider if the accident victim is infected with a communicable disease. Many body fluids, such as blood and lymph, can serve as vectors for disease transmission. If first aid responders come into direct contact with body fluids while providing aid, they may be at risk. In addition, if the environmental conditions that led to the accident in the first place still exist, then the responders may be in the same danger for injury as the person being assisted.

First aid is important because it __________.
A.
improves the chances of survival
B.
reduces the risk of permanent injury
C.
reduces the risk of infection
D.
all of the above

D

Burns are classified into four different groups.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

T
F

F (Three Groups)

ozone

A very reactive form of oxygen; a major air pollutant in the lower atmosphere but a beneficial component of the upper atmosphere; used for oxidizing, bleaching, disinfecting, and deodorizing.

particulate matter

Small particles or liquid droplets suspended in midair; considered an atmospheric pollutant.

carbon monoxide

A colorless, odorless, and highly toxic gas produced by the burning of carbon fuels.

sulfur dioxide

A toxic, pungent gas that is released mainly from volcanoes and manufacturing processes.

nitrogen oxide

A combination of nitrogen and oxygen; used for the combustion of fossil fuels in vehicles and power plants.

Explain how nitrogen oxides are produced and their environmental impact.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Nitrogen oxides are produced by the combustion engines in vehicles. Their effect on the environment includes both acid rain and smog.

Toxic waste spills are a direct source of water pollution.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

T
F

T

Explain how the methods involved in "Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, and Compost" can help to control solid waste.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: "Reduce" means the reduction or elimination of product packaging. "Reuse" asks that we try to reuse packaging and other materials several times before disposal. "Recycle" refers to extracting useful materials from discarded items and creating new products or uses for them. "Compost" involves the conversion of organic materials into fertilizers.

Describe the process by which an environmental protection act is created and enforced.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Before a protection act is created, the US Congress must first pass a law to allow its creation. From there, the Environmental Protection Agency creates appropriate regulations for enforcement by state and local authorities.

Air quality is important to both human health and overall environmental quality.

T

Discuss two different ways that our soil can become polluted.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Soil can be polluted by exposure to polluted water sources, exposure to solid waste, mining operations, and pesticide/herbicide use.

Give an overview of four different symptoms in the human body that are caused by air pollution.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Air pollution can cause increased asthma, difficulty breathing, wheezing, and reduced oxygen to vital organs.

Name the three pollutants that have decreased the most since 1990.

Responses will vary, but should include the information that follows: Lead, carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide have decreased the most since 1990.

When soil becomes contaminated with __________, children can begin to show health issues.
A.
hydrogen
B.
carbon monoxide
C.
lead
D.
sulfur

C

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