Final Exam 4

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What event was driving up sales for this newspaper?

C. the U.S. conflict with Spain

At the conclusion of the Spanish-American War, the United States

A. retreated from its efforts to gain control of overseas territories.

B. had gained an empire and new stature in world affairs.

C. was forced to give up control of Cuba.

D. agreed to return control of the Philippines to Spain.

B. had gained an empire and new stature in world affairs.

Which nation had the smallest number of troops in 1914?

A. France

B. Germany

C. the United States

D. Russia

C. the United States

World War II increased opportunities for women because

A. most men were striking for higher wages.

B. there were few jobs available for men.

C. only about half of all women in their 20s were sent into combat.

D. industry desperately needed more workers.

D. industry desperately needed more workers.

Which states allowed but did not require school segregation?


A. Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Wyoming

B. Arizona, Kansas, New Mexico, Wyoming

C. Arizona, Mississippi, Florida, Virginia

D. Arizona, Texas, Kansas, Wyoming

B. Arizona, Kansas, New Mexico, Wyoming

Instead of using investments as a tool of U.S. foreign policy, Wilson's "moral diplomacy" hoped to promote U.S. interests by

A. supporting the social and national well-being of Latin American nations.

B. establishing religious leaders in positions of power in Latin America.

C. protecting Latin American nations from military intervention by France.

D. stationing U.S. forces throughout Latin America.

A. supporting the social and national well-being of Latin American nations

With his Square Deal, Theodore Roosevelt hoped to

A. help pull the United States out of the Great Depression.

B. increase the influence and power of the United States among the nations of the world.

C. keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor.

D. help business trusts remain competitive.

C. keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor

How has globalization affected jobs in industrialized nations?

A. Many manufacturing jobs have moved to less developed nations.

B. Most of the jobs in service industries have moved to less developed nations.

C. Pay for factory jobs has increased sharply as low-paying jobs move overseas.

D. More jobs have become available for unskilled workers.

A. Many manufacturing jobs have moved to less developed nations.

Because they were outgunned by U.S. forces, Filipinos who rebelled against American rule in the Philippines relied on

A. old World War I-era equipment.

B. guerrilla tactics.

C. the newest military technologies.

D. help from China.

B. guerrilla tactics.

Use the quotation and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question. "As the free world grows stronger, more united, more attractive to men on both sides of the Iron Curtain—and as the Soviet hopes for easy expansion are blocked—then there will have to come a time of change in the Soviet world. Nobody can say for sure when that is going to be, or exactly how it will come about, whether by revolution, or trouble in the satellite states, or by a change inside the Kremlin." —Harry S. Truman's Farewell Address. Why did President Truman believe that political change would come to the Soviet Union?

A. the failures of the Soviet nuclear program

B. the appeal of freedom and the containment of communism

C. the successes of the U.S. nuclear program

D. the superiority of the U.S. space program

B. the appeal of freedom and the containment of communism

As part of the Agricultural Adjustment Act, farmers were paid subsidies

A. to produce more cash crops that could be sold to other nations.

B. to raise only livestock that was in demand.

C. to plant crops that would help reverse the effects of the drought.

D. not to plant part of their land and to kill off excess livestock.

A. to produce more cash crops that could be sold to other nations.

What percentage of families owned cars in 1955?


A. 77 percent

B. 79 percent

C. 70 percent

D. 59 percent

C. 70 percent

Nixon wanted to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China because

A. many Americans believed it was the right thing to do.

B. he faced pressure from Congress.

C. he wanted to drive a wedge between China and India.

D. there were many economic and political benefits to gain.

D. there were many economic and political benefits to gain.

Use the quotation and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question. "Finally, in our progress toward a resumption of work we require two safeguards against a return of the evils of the old order; there must be a strict supervision of all banking and credits and investments; there must be an end to speculation with other people's money, and there must be provision for an adequate but sound currency." —Franklin D. Roosevelt, First Inaugural Address. Which New Deal agency related most closely to what President Roosevelt was speaking about in this quotation?

A. Securities and Exchange Commission

B. Civilian Conservation Corps

C. Tennessee Valley Authority

D. Civil Works Administration

A. Securities and Exchange Commission

The Camp David Accords provided the framework for a treaty in which Egypt

A. agreed to stop fighting against Iraq.

B. agreed to help end the Iranian hostage crisis.

C. formally recognized Israel as a state.

D. agreed to resume oil shipments to the United States.

C. formally recognized Israel as a state.

The bitterness left behind in parts of Europe by the Treaty of Versailles contributed to the rise of

A. socialism.

B. democracy.

C. republicanism.

D. totalitarianism

D. totalitarianism

By granting amnesty to Americans who had evaded the draft, President Carter hoped to

A. gain the support of Christian fundamentalists.

B. help heal the split in the nation and move past the Vietnam War.

C. increase the size of the American workforce.

D. please the "me generation."

B. help heal the split in the nation and move past the Vietnam War.

The end of rationing and other restrictions after World War II

A. marked the beginning of a downward economic spiral.

B. opened the floodgates to consumer purchases.

C. signaled the end of the wartime economic boom.

D. was strongly opposed by American businesses.

B. opened the floodgates to consumer purchases.

he Allies agreed on a "Europe First" strategy because only Germany had the ability to bomb Britain, fight U.S. and British navies, and

A. launch submarines capable of sinking Allied ships.

B. seriously threaten to defeat the Soviet Union.

C. send waves of bombers to attack its enemies.

D. convince Japan to surrender.

...

Why did the United States fail to join the League of Nations?

A. Great Britain and France would not allow the United States to join the organization.

B. Woodrow Wilson and his opponents refused to compromise on the wording of the Treaty of Versailles.

C. Americans preferred to join a military alliance with Britain instead.

D. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge failed to persuade enough senators that the League would benefit the United States.

B. Woodrow Wilson and his opponents refused to compromise on the wording of the Treaty of Versailles.

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