5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Pope Urban II
- a a code that knights adopted in the late Middle Ages; requiring them to be brave, loyal and true to their word; they had to fight fairly in battle
- b The act of banishing a member of the Church from the communion of believers and the privileges of the Church.
- c The doctrine that nations should act independently (rather than collectively) to attain their goals.
- d The chief of the bishops of an ecclesiastical province in the Greek, Roman, and Anglican church.
- e Used his papal power to urge lords and knights to become Crusaders to fight the Muslims and regain the Middle East for Christianity; promised: forgiveness for sins, freedom from debt, a choice of fiefs in the lands to be conquered. He started the first crusade to regain Holy Land.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A philosophical and theological system, associated with Thomas Aquinas, devised to reconcile Aristotelian philosophy and Roman Catholic theology in the thirteenth century.
- The parties, or champions on their behalf, would fight in formal single combat and the winner would be deemed to be the successful party in the case. It was not abolished until 1819, after the accused was challenged to combat in the case of Ashford v. Thornton.
- Church leaders and wealthy merchants and nobles paid to build large new churches called cathedrals. They were built in the Romanesque or Gothic style. They showed religious spirit during Medieval Times.
- A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule.
- The first community that included both Jewish and Gentile followers of Jesus was established in this city.
5 True/False questions
Cathedrals → In the Middle Ages (500-1350) a vassal was anyone who was under the protection of another and therefore owed and avowed not only allegiance but a payment of some sort to their protector.
Jousting → Believers of Islam; beat in the Battle of Tours; major component in the battle for the Holy Land (Crusades).
Financing → Budgeting for marketing activities, obtaining the necessary funds needed for operations and providing financial assistance to customers
Fief → The grant of land.
Knights → pay a tenth of one's income, especially to the church