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which of the following is not a function of the respiratory system

it assists in the synthesis of vasodilators

the upper respiratory tract extends

from the nose through the larynx

the nose is divided into right and left halves termed the

nasal fossae

which 2 ligaments extend from the thyroid cartilage to the arytenoids cartilages?

vestibular and vocal ligaments

one benefit from air passing by the turbinates is

the lower respiratory system remains humidified

the most numerous cells in the lungs are called

dust cells

each alveolus is surrounded by a basket of blood capillaries supplied by

the pulmonary artery

which of the following does not have cilia

respiratory bronchioles

what is the basic distinction between an alveolar duct and an alveolar atrium

their shape

which is more prominent in males than females?

1

this structure is about 5 cm long and slightly narrower and more horizontal than the one on the opposite side

4

although the heart is not included in this illustration, its apex would lie at point

7

compared to any other point on this figure, the highest ventilation perfusion ratio would be found at point

3

structure 2 is the

cricoid cartilage

there is a total of 5 of these structures in the respiratory system

6 and 8

crude sounds are formed into intelligible speech by all of the following except

epiglottis

which of the following cartilages is largest

thyroid cartilage

the valsalva maneuver can assist in diagnosing a hernia by

decreasing intra-abdominal pressure

__ states that the total pressure of a gas mixture is equal to the sum of the partial pressure of its individual gases

dalton's law

in a healthy person, which of the following will have the greatest influence on resistance to pulmonary airflow

bronchiole diameter

the amount of air in excess of tidal volume that can be inhaled with maximum effort is called

inspiratory reserve volume

vital capacity consists of

expiratory reserve volume + tidal volume + inspiratory reserve volume

deep, rapid breathing often seen in terminal diabetes mellitus is known as what

mussmaul respiration

a gangrenous diabetic ulcer can be treated with which of the following

hyperbaric oxygen

CO2 is transported by all the following means except

carbonate

tom is in respiratory arrest due to an electrical shock why does a good samaritan have up to 4-5 minutes to begin CPR and save toms life?

a venous reserve of oxygen in toms blood

during exercise, which of the following directly increases respiratory rate

anticipation of the needs of exercising muscle

which of the following would slow down gas exchange between the blood and alveolar air?

increase in membrane thickness

the addition of co2 to the blood generates __ ions in the RBCs which in turn stimulates RBCs to unload more oxygen

hydrogen

which of the following has no effect on oxyhemoglobin dissociation

erythrocyte count

which has the highest concentration in the air we breathe

nitrogen

each hemoglobin molecule can transport up to __ oxygen molecules

4

normally the systemic arterial blood has PO2 of__ mm Hg and PCO2 of ___ mm Hg and pH of __

95, 40, 7.4

which of the following enzymes in an RBC breaks H2CO3 down to water and CO2

carbonic anhydrase

in one passage through a bed of systemic blood capillaries, the blood gives up about what % of its oxygen

20-25

which of the following is the term for a deficiency of oxygen or the inability to utilize oxygen in a tissue

hypoxia

congestive heart failure results in which of the following

ischemic hypoxia

__ is a lung disease marked by a reduced number of cilia, reduced motility of the remaining cilia, goblet cell hypertrophy and hypersecretion, and thick sputum

chronic bronchitis

which of the following would lead to anemic hypoxia

sickle-cell disease

a lung disease marked by abnormally few but large alveoli is

emphysema

in ___, the lungs are infected with Mycobacterium and produce fibrous nodules around the bacteria, leading to progressive pulmonary fibrosis

tuberculosis

which malignancy originates in the lamina propria of the bronchi

adenocarcinoma

polio can sometimes damage the brainstem respiratory centers and result in

Ondine's curse

which of these is most likely to result from contact between contaminated finger and the nasal mucosa

acute rhinitis

scuba divers breathe a nitrogen-oxygen mixture rather than compressed oxygen in order to avoid

oxygen toxicity

nitrogen bubbles can form in the blood and tissues when a scuba diver ascends too rapidly, producting a syndrome called

cerebral embolism

the vagus and glossopharyngeal nerves carry afferent signals from peripheral chemoreceptors to a chemosensitive area in

medulla oblongata

mucus plays an important role in cleansing inhaled air. it is produced by __ of the respiratory tract

goblet cells

the blood transports more CO2 in the form of __ than in any other form

bicarbonate ions

among its other purposes, the Valsalva maneuver is used

to aid in defecation and urination

blood banks dispose of blood that has low levels of bisphosphoglycerate. What would be the probable reason for doing so?

Erythrocytes low in BPG do not unload O2 very well

Your breathing rate is 12 breaths/minute; your tidal volume is 500 mL; your vital capacity is 4700 mL; and your dead air space is 150 mL. Your alveolar ventilation rate is ___ mL/min.

42000 ?

Your breathing rate is 14 breaths/minute; spirometric measurements reveal your tidal volume is 500 mL; your inspiratory reserve volume is 3000 mL; and your expiratory reserve volume is 1,200 mL. Your vital capacity is ____ mL.

47000 ?

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