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One of the main resons to use examples in a speech is that they put abstract ideas into concrete terms that listeners can easily understand.

True

You should start to establish eye contact with the audience even before you begin to speak.

True

When trying to persuade listeners that are skeptical about your position, you need to deal directly with the reasons for their skepticism.

True

One of the advantages of speaking from a manuscript is that it frees a speaker from the need to establish eye contact with the audience

False

If you receive a hostile question during a question and answer session, you should respond in a hostile manner

False

In the US, public speakers who establish strong eye contact with listeners are usually perceived as less credible than speakers who have weaker eye contact

False

If the meaning of a word is clear to you, you can assume that it is also clear to your audience.

False

To persuade my audience that video games are a major cause of youth violence is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of policy

False

Ask not what your country can do for you ask what you can do for your country is an example of antithesis

True

Moving listeners from being strongly opposed to a speaker's position to being only moderately opposed would be a sign of a successful persuasive speech

True

History is a drama with many acts is an example of metaphore

True

When conducting a question and answer session you should usually restate or paraphrase each question before you answer it

False

Unlike testimony, which can easily be quoted out of context, statistics are difficult to manipulate for biased purposes

True

It is seldom necessary to cite the source of statistics in a speech

False

One way to think of a words denotative meaning is as its dictionary definition

True

THe purpose of a speech of introdcution is to introduce the main speaker to the audience

True

The burden of proof rests with the persuasive speaker who opposes change

False

As your textbook makes clear, a vivid, richly textured extended example is usually effective regardless of how well it is delivered

False

Speakers who explain their expertise on the speech topic are likely to reduce their credibility with the audience

False

Derived credibility refers to the credibility of the speaker produced by everything she or he says and does during the speech itself

True

The connotative meaning of a word includes all the feelings, associations, and emotions that the word touches off in different people

True

One way for a persuasive speaker to uphold the ethical obligations of speechmaking is to learn about all sides of an issue

True

To persuade my audience that capital punishment is unjust is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of fact

True

Persuasive speeches on questions of fact are usually organized in problem solution order

True

What many teachers refer to as source credibility was called ethos by Aristotle

True

Statistics are most effective in persuasive speeches while examples and testimony work best in informative speeches

True

The strongest source of emotional appeal in a persuasive speech is the sincerity and conviction of the speaker

True

The words we use to label an event determine to a great extent how we respond to that event

True

Persuasive speeches on questions of value usually argue directly for or against particular courses of action

True

To persuade my audience that genetically altered crops pose serious hazards to human health is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of fact

True

The fundamental purpose of a commemorative speech is to convey information about the subject being commemorated

False

Research has shown that speakers with high initial credibility need to use more evidence than speakers with low initial credibility

False

Effective commemorative speeches depend above all on the speaker's use of reasoning

False

Because everyone knows that a persuasive speaker's goal is to influence the audience's beliefs or actions, question of ethics are less important in persuasive speaking than in other kinds of speaking

False

Research indicates that once a listener takes action in support of a speaker's position, she or he is more likely to support that speaker's position in the future

True

To persuade my audience that capital punishment does not deter people from committing crimes such as murder is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of policy

False

Arguments guilty of the ad hominem fallacy argue in a circle without making a clear point

False

The slippery slope fallacy assumes that becomes something is popular, it is therefore good, correct, or desirable

False

Silence settled over the audience like a block of granite is an example of simile

True

A speech praising the bravery of the firrefighters killed in NY on September 11, 2001 is an example of a commemorative speech

True

To inform my audience about the different methods used by meteorologists to predict the weather is an appropriate specific purpose statement for an after dinner speech

True

Speaking from memory is most effective when a speaker wants to be very responsive to feedback from the audience

False

Hypothetical examples can be especially powerful as supporting materials when they create scenarios that involve the audience

True

To persuade my audience that cloning human beings is morally unjustifiable is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of value

True

A speaker should avoid using familiar words because they make a speech sound trite

False

Alliteration as a means of creating rhythm in a speech refers to repeating the initial consonant sound of close or adjoining words

True

To persuade my audience to become volunteers for special olympics is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of policy whose aim is immediate action

True

To be most effective in a speech, statistics need to be interpreted and explained in terms that are meaningful to the audience

True

SInce most people are nervous about public speaking, it is perfectly acceptable to finish a speech by declaring am I glad that's over

False

An extemporaneous speech is carefully prepared and practiced in advance

True

Effective commemorative speeches depend above all on the speaker's use of language

True

The mean--popularly called the average-- is determined by summing all the items in a group and diving by the number of iteams

True

Examples are particularly effective as supporting materials because they help get the audience involved in a speech

True

A speaker can have high credibility for one audience and low credibility for another

True

The main difference between an after dinner speech and a speech to inform or to persuade is less the choice of topic than how the topic is developed

False

When trying to persuade a hostile audeience, you should usually be wary of even mentioning the audeience's objections to your point of view

True

One of the reasons to use evidence when speaking to persuade is that is can make your listeners more resistant to counterpersuasion

True

It is seldom a good idea to use examples adn testimony in the same speech

False

Good speech delivery should call attention to itself

False

ONe of the advantages of using causal reasoning in a persuasive speech is that the relationship between causes and effects is usually fairly obvious

True

The following statement is an example of reasoning from principle: "places such as singapore

False

Questions of policy deal with whether something should or should not be done

True

When a speaker's body language is inconsistant with her or his words, listeners often believe the body language rather than the words

True

Over the years linguists have concluded that no dialect is inherently better or worse than another dialect

True

The conversational quality of extemporaneous speaking means that a speech has been well rehearsed yet sounds spontaneous to the audience

True

An impromptu speech is delivered with little or no immediate preperation

True

The primary purpose of a special occasion speech is to convey information to an audience

False

competence and character are the most important factors affecting a speaker's credibility

True

Establishing commong ground with an audience is especially important in the introduction of a persuasive speech

True

A persuasive speech on a question of fact is essentially the same as informative speech

False

To entertain my audience by telling them about the typical mishaps that happen during family vacations is an appropriate specific purpose statement for an after dinner speech

True

When using casual reasoning in a persuasive speech, you should take special care to avoid the fallacy of post hoc, ergo propter hoc

True

The denotative meaning of a word includes all teh feelings, associations and emotions that the word touches off in different people

True

A graduation address and a toast at a wedding are both examples of speeches for special occasions

True

The supporting materials for an after-dinner speeh should be chosen primarily for their entertainment value

True

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