Chapter 6, Multiple Choice

75 terms by jsnyder99

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Medical Terminology: A Living Language, 4/e

Which term means disease producing?
a. pathological
b. diseasopathy
c. pathogenic
d. pathology

C

Which term means red (cell) production?
a. erythropoiesis
b. hematopoiesis
c. leukopoiesis
d. thrombopoiesis

A

Which term means blood destruction?
a. hemolytic
b. hematolytic
c. hemolysis
d. both a and c

D

Which term means pertaining to blood?
a. sanguinous
b. hematic
c. hematologic
d. both a and b

D

Which term means fiber producing?
a. fibrogenic
b. fibrinogen
c. fibrinolysis
d. fibrotic

B

Which term means clotting cell?
a. erythrocyte
b. leukocyte
c. granulocyte
d. thrombocyte

D

Which term means too many white cells?
a. pancytopenia
b. leukocytosis
c. hematocytosis
d. leukocytopenia

B

Which term means too few red (cells)?
a. leukocytosis
b. erythrocytosis
c. hematocytosis
d. erythropenia

D

Which term means lymph gland inflammation?
a. lymphangiitis
b. lymphadenopathy
c. lymphadenitis
d. lympangiogram

C

Which term means to cut into the pleen?
a. splenototmy
b. splenectomy
c. splenoplasty
d. splnopexy

A

Which is NOT one of the formed elements of the blood?
a. red cells
b. platelets
c. white cells
d. plasma

D

The watery part of blood is called:
a. red cells
b. plasma
c. white cells
d. platelets

B

Blood cells are produced in the:
a. spleen
b. thymus gland
c. red bone marrow
d. liver

C

Which of the following is not correctly matched?
a. red cells—transporting substances
b. leukocytes—protect the body from invasion
c. plasma—tissue repair
d. platelets—control bleeding

C

Which of the following substances is NOT transported by plasma?
a. oxygen
b. glucose
c. calcium
d. amino acids

A

Which of the following is NOT a plasma protein?
a. albumin
b. sodium
c. globulins
d. fibrinogen

B

Red Blood cells appear red because:
a. of the size of their nucleus
b. they contain hemoglobin
c. they contain bilirubin
d. they transport oxygen

B

Which of the following statements regarding erythrocytes is NOT true?
a. Hemoglobin is an iron containing molecule inside red blood cells.
b. Erythrocytes live an average of 120 days
c. Bilirubin from worn out red blood cells is recycled by the liver.
d. Worn out erythrocytes are removed by the spleen

C

Which of the following is a pathogen?
a. foreign material
b. bacteria
c. biruses
d. all are pathogens

D

Which of the following statements regarding the different types of leukocytes is NOT true?
a. Monocytes release histamine
b. Eosinophils destroy parasites
c. Neutrophils are phagocytic
d. Lymphocytes protect through immunity activity

A

Which of the following statements regarding leukocytes is NOT true?
a. A leukocyte has a large nucleus
b. Agranulocytes have granules in their cytoplashm
c. Leukocytes protect the body agains pathogens
d. There are five different types of leukocytes

B

Which of the following statements regarding hemostasis is NOT true?
a. Platelets release thromboplastin
b. Thromboplastin reacts with prothrombin to form thrombin
c. Thrombin works to convert fibrinogen to fibrin
d. Fibrin then converts platelets into a clot

D

Which of the following statements regarding blood types is NOT true?
a. Type A blood makes antibodies against Type B blood
b. Type O blood makes antibodies against Type AB blood
c. Type B blood makes antibodies against Type A blood
d. Type AB blood does not make antibodies

B

Which blood type is called the Universal Donor?
a. Type A
b. Type B
c. Type O
d. Type AB

C

Which blood type is called the Universal Recipient?
a. Type A
b. Type B
c. Type O
d. Type AB

D

Which of the following is NOT part of the lymphatic sustem?
a. liver
b. spleen
c. lymph nodes
d. lymphatic vessels

A

Which is NOT a function of the lymphatic and immune system?
a. Transport fats absorbed by the small intestines.
b. Primary defense against the invasion of pathogens.
c. Assist in the blood clotting process.
d. Collect excess tissue fluid and return it to the circulatory system.

C

Which of the following statements regarding lymphatic vessels is NOT true?
a. The smallest lymphatic vessels are called lymphatic capillaries.
b. The thoracic duct trains the right arm and right side of the neck and chest.
c. Lymphatic vessels have valves to insure forward movement of lymph.
d. There are only two large lymphatic ducts, the right lymphatic duct and the thoracic duct.

B

Which lymph glands are found in the groin region?
a. axillary
b. mediastinal
c. cervical
d. inguinal

D

Which of the following statements regarding lymph nodes is NOT true?
a. The house lymphocytes and antibodies.
b. They remove pathogens and cell debris from lymph.
c. Lymph nodes are found only in a certain few areas of the body, like the neck.
d. They trap and destroy cancerous cells.

C

Which of the following statements regarding the tonsils is NOT true?
a. The palatine tonsils are located in the nasal cavity.
b. The tonsils are composed of lymphatic tissue.
c. The tonsils remove pathogens for the digestive and respiratory systems.
d. Sometimes the tonsils have to be removed if they become chronically infected.

A

Which of the following is NOT a function of the spleen?
a. The spleen contains a large population of macrophages.
b. The spleen produces new erythrocytes.
c. The spleen is not a vital organ; a person can live without a spleen.
d. The spleen consists of slow moving blood sinuses.

B

Which of the following statements regarding the thymus gland is NOT true?
a. The thymus is located in the mediastinum of the chest.
b. The thymus secretes thymosin
c. The thymus is important for the proper development of the immune system.
d. The tymus increases in size throughout life.

D

Which of the following statements regarding natural immunity is NOT true?
a. Natural immunity includes receiving antibodies from the mother through the placenta.
b. It does not require prior exposure to the pathogen.
c. A good example of natural immunity is the macrophage.
d. Natural immunity mechanisms are not specific to any particular pathogen.

A

Which of the following is NOT an example of acquired immunity?
a. antibodies crossing the placenta from the baby to the mother
b. antibodies formed during direct exposure to a pathogen
c. immunizations
d. an antitoxin injection

A

Which of the following is NOT part of the immune response?
a. exposure to a pathogen
b. production of antibodies by A lymphocytes
c. phagocytosis of infectious agents
d. stimulation of natural killer cells to destroy pathogens

B

Which of the following statements regarding antigens is NOT true?
a. Antigens are foreign proteins.
b. Antigens are marked for phagocytosis by an antibody.
c. Antigens stimulate the immune response.
d. Antigens hide a pathogen from lymphocytes.

D

Which of the following pairs is mismatched?
a. nosocomial infection—acquired outside the hospital
b. reinfection—repeat infection by the same pathogen
c. cross infection—infection acquired directly from another person
d. self-inoculation—infection spreads from one part of a person's body to a different area

A

Which of the following statements is the most important standard precaution?
a. Wash your hands.
b. Wear Gloves.
c. Wear a nonpermeable gown or apron.
d. Wear a mask and protective eyewear.

A

Which of the following terms means to convert a liquid to a gel or solid?
a. coagulate
b. clot
c. hemostasis
d. hematopoiesis

A

Which condition results in thick blood as a result of having too many red blood cells?
a. hemophilia
b. polycythemia vera
c. hyperlipidemia
d. thalassemia

B

Which type of anemia results from the excessive loss of erythrocytes?
a. pernicious anemia
b. iron-deficiency anemia
c. hemolytic anemia
d. thalassemia

C

Which anemia results from the loss of functioning bone marrow?
a. aplastic anemia
b. hemolytic anemia
c. hypochromic anemia
d. sickle cell anemia

A

Which type of anemia is caused by a vitamin B12 deficiency?
a. aplastic anemia
b. hemolytic anemia
c. hypochromic anemia
d. pernicious anemia

D

Which of the following conditions is a blood infection?
a. thalassemia
b. septicemica
c. leukemia
d. hemophilia

B

Which of the following conditions is a cancer?
a. polycythemia vera
b. septicemia
c. leukemia
d. pernicious anemia

C

Which of the following is NOT an inherited condition?
a. leukemia
b. sickle cell anemia
c. thalassemia
d. hemophilia

A

The mixture of plasma and blood cells is called:
a. packed blood
b. serum
c. transfusion
d. whole blood

D

Which of the following is a general term meaning a blood disease?
a. hematopathy
b. hematology
c. dyscrasia
d. hemostasis

C

Which of the following is a term meaning a substance that causes an allergic reaction?
a. atypical protein
b. allerergen
c. allergy
d. allergist

B

Which of the following conditions is swelling caused by a blockage of lymph flow?
a. lymphedema
b. lymphangioma
c. lymphadenitis
d. lymphangiography

A

Which is the sever itching associated with hives?
a. anaphylactic
b. dyscrasia
c. lymphedema
d. urticaria

D

Which of the following is a life threatening allergic reaction?
a. elephantiasis
b. sarcoidosis
c. anaphylactic shock
d. AIDs—related complex

C

Which of the following conditions is an autoimmune disease?
a. Kaposi's sarcoma
b. sarcoidosis
c. elephantiasis
d. mononucleosis

B

Which of the following conditions is cancerous?
a. Hodgkin's disease
b. lymphadenitis
c. AIDs—related complex
d. sarcoidosis

A

Which of the following blood tests is NOT part of a complete blood count?
a. red cell count
b. hemoglobin
c. clotting time
d. hematocrit

C

Which blood test examines the shape of red blood cells?
a. red cell morphology
b. red blood cell count
c. hemoglobin
d. complete blood count

A

Which of the following blood tests measures how long it takes for a clot to form?
a. erythrocyte sedimentation rate
b. culture and sensitivity
c. hematocrit
d. pro-time

D

Which of the following blood tests measures the volume of red blood cells within the total volume of blood?
a. erythrocyte sedimentation rate
b. culture and sensitivity
c. hematocrit
d. pro-time

C

Which of the following blood tests is an indicator of the presence of an inflammatory disease?
a. erythrocyte sedimentation rate
b. culture and sensitivity
c. hematocrit
d. pro-time

A

Which of the following blood tests checks for bacterial growth?
a. erythrocyte sedimentation rate
b. culture and sensitivity
c. hematocrit
d. pro-time

B

Which of the following pairs is mismatched?
a. Monospot—test for Hodgkin's disease
b. scratch test—allergy test
c. lymphangiography—X-ray sowing the lymph vessels
d. Western blot—tests for the presence of antibodies against the HIV virus

A

Which of the following therapeutic procedures consists of removing plasma from the body and replacing it with donor plasma?
a. plasma transfusion
b. phlebotomy
c. plasmapheresis
d. plasma aspiration

C

A(n) _____transfusion consists of blood stored from the patient's own body.
a. analogous
b. autologous
c. self
d. homologous

B

Which of the following therapeutic procedures gives a patient an injection of antibodies in order to treat a disease?
a. immunization
b. Monospot
c. vaccination
d. immunotherapy

D

Which of the following abbreviations is a test for HIV-AIDS?
a. GVHD
b. KS
c. ELISA
d. PCP

C

Which of the following abbreviations is a machine for performing blood tests?
a. RBC
b. SMAC
c. PA
d. HGB

B

Which of the following abbreviations is NOT a blood test?
a. BMT
b. HCT
c. PT
d. CBC

A

Which of the following medications dissolves an existing clot?
a. hematinic
b. anticoagulant
c. antiplatelet
d. thombolytic agent

D

Which of the following medications does NOT prolong bleeding time?
a. hematinic
b. anticoagulant
c. antiplatelet
d. thombolytic agent

A

Which of the following medications prevents blood clot formation?
a. hematinic
b. anticoagulant
c. antiplatelet
d. thombolytic agent

B

Which of the following medications keeps a virus from successfully reproducing?
a. antihistamine
b. corticosteroid
c. protease inhibitor
d. immunosuppressant

C

Which of the following medications is required to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ?
a. antihistamine
b. corticosteroid
c. protease inhibitor
d. immunosuppressant
e.

D

Which of the following medications is useful for treating autoimmune diseases?
a. antihistamine
b. corticosteroid
c. protease inhibitor
d. immunosuppressant

B

Which of the following medications helps to block an allergic reaction?
a. antihistamine
b. corticosteroid
c. protease inhibitor
d. immunosuppressant

A

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set