Ho Chi Minh
Led Vietnam in the fight for independence in Vietnam against the French and led North Vietnam against South Vietnam and the United States
Theory that if Vietnam fell to communism, other countries would follow. This belief was a major reason the US became involved military in Vietnam
John F. Kennedy
President of the US who believed in the domino theory. Ordered the first initial engagement of Us forces in Vietnam
Secretary of Defense who designed the basic US military strategy in Vietnam
Tonkin Gulf Incident
US destroyer Maddox was attacked by North Vietnam forces and led to the US escalation of Us military involvement
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
Congress gave the president authority to "take all necessary measuresto repel any armed attack against Us forces in Vietnam"
Make-up of US soldiers in Vietnam
Soldiers were younger and poorer than they had been in previous wars. Blacks and Hispanics served in much higher numbers than previous wars. 10,000 women served in non combat roles, mostly as nurses.
Chemicals sprayed over thousands of acres of jungle to help kill the vegetation
US soldier Morale
Us soldiers morale declined with their inability to identify the enemy and the horrific fighting conditions in the dense jungle
Ho Chi Minh Trial
Supply trial that traveled through neutral countries:Laos and Cambodia. Some 300,000 people worked to maintain the trial which received heavy bombing from the US airforce
Media television un-screened live footage of combat mightely to American homes for the first time.
People who supported the war
People who didn't support the war
Martin Luther King Jr.
Vocal leader in opposition of war
Major North Vietnam offensive. Led to the death of 40,000 North Vietnam soldiers but caused a lot of doubt in the US and South Vietnam to the size of the capabilities of the North Vietnam forces
Convention in Chicago, 1968
10,000 anti-war protesters were attacked by police with tear gas. Hundreds were injured and jailed
Planned devised by Henry Kissinger, to gradually pull-out US soldiers and turn the fighting over to South Vietnam forces
Kent State Shooting
A student protest at Kent State was broken up by the National Guard, leading to 4 students dead and nine others injured
Jackson State Protests
Student protest 10 days after the Kent State incident. Again the National Guard intervened, ending in the death of 2 students and 9 others injured. This incident led hundreds of students strikes across the country
Over 58,000 US soldiers were killed in Vietnam. More than 300,000 wounded
Over 2500 US soldiers are still officially listed as missing in action
Some US prisoners of was spent up to six years in prison camps enduring long stays of solitary confinement and torture
The US spent 150 billion its war effort adding greatly to the National deficit.
Vietnam War Memorial
Memorial in Washington DC that lists the names of the 58,000 plus Americans who lost their lives while fighting in Vietnam
US soldiers suffered severe psychological damages due to the horrific conditions in Vietnam. The VA hospital at home were understaffed to handle the number of soldiers in need of mental health care.
My Lai Massacre
US soldiers kill over 300 innocent civilians that horrifies the US public and adds to the anti-war movement.
Vietnam Veteran who is a leader in speaking out against the war upon his return home. His testimonial to Congress was particularly powerful
Song by the Doors in 1968 that we listened to in class that is critical of the media's role during the war.
"Where Have All the Flowers Gone."
Song we listened to in class that protests the US involvement in Vietnam by the group Peter, Paul, and Mary
"Born in the USA"
A song we listened to in class that was critical of US public support of returning US soldiers