Ancient History Final Exam

53 terms by taylor_elizabeth 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Han Dynasty

a dynasty in ancient China that established a centralizaed government, ruled China for 400 yrs

Mongols

pastoralists that used warfare, ruled by Genghis Khan

Legalism

a Chinese political philisophy based on the idea that a highly efficient & powerful goverment is the key to social order

Samurai

professional warriors who served Japanese feudal lords

Confucianism

a chinese philosophy where the 5 relationships play a key role

Shi Huang Di

the 1st emperor of the Qin dynasty, unified China, halted internal battles, built the Great Wall of China, established autocracy

Byzantine Empire

the eastern half of the Roman empire, capital: constantinople, practiced Eastern Orthodox christianity

Gold-Salt Trade

played a key role in the success of West African Empires: Ghana, Mali & Songhai

Sunnia

one of two subsets of Islam: followers of Muhammad's example, roots split during the Umayyad dynasty over the disagreemtn of the qualifications of being a caliph

Shi'a

one of two subsets of Islam: party of Ali, roots during hte Abbasid Dynasty

Renaissance

a period of time where there was the rebirth of art and learning, began in Northern Italy

Reformation

a movement of religious reform

Indulgances

sold by the church because the church needed money, could "buy" your way into heaven

Bubonic plague

an illness that spread throughout Europe during the Middle Ages, killed approx. 1/3 of Europe's population

Jerusalem

the holy city for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Germanic Tribes

a group of people that invaded
Europe, greatly contributed to the fall of the Roman Empire

Monotheism

belief in one god, examples: Judaism, Christianity, Islam

Justinian

a byzantine ruler that wrote the Justinian code, used for 900 years after his death

Hagia Sophia

a church that was destroyed in riots that swept across Constantinpole in 532, rebuilt by the Byzantine ruler Justinian, most splendid church in the Christian world

Pax Romana

a period of time in the Roman Empire when Rome was at the peak of its power due to successful agriculture, common currency, complex road networks, extensive trade, successful military, and a sound government

Swahili Coast

the East Coast of Africa, a major trade network stimulated by the monsoons that brought traders back and forth between Africa & the Arabian Peninsula

Monarchy

a form of government where all poilitical power is absolutely or nominally in the hands of a(n) individual(s)

Julius Caesar

the 1st emperor of Rome, ruled as an absolute ruler, increased wages for soldiers, created jobs for the poor, expanded the senate, and granted citizenship to many people

Abraham

the father of Judaism who led the Jews from Egypt to the "promised land", considered the first prophet of God by Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Crusades

wars of conquest fought in the name of God, main objective: conquer Jerusalem

Cosmopolitan

a city/place or person that embraces its multicultural demographics

Timbuktu

a trade city in West Africa that became a center of Islamic learning after the fall of the Ghana empire

Tang and Song Dynasty INnovations

ex: pocelain, mechanical clock, printing, gunpowder, paper money, magnetic compass

Moksha

the state of perfect understanding of all things, belief in Hinduism, reached when a person understands the relationship between atman and Brahman

Atman

belief in Hinduism, the individual soul

Brahman

belief in Hinduism, the world soul that contains and unites all atmans

Ashoka

Chandragupta's grandson, promoted Buddhism/dhamma in daily life

Dhamma

system of rules & values that all Hindus follow in daily life, especially non violence

Charlemagne

the "holy roman emperor", crowned so by Pope Leo III, spread Christianity, reunited Western Europe for the 1st time since Rome, set up a strong government, opened monasteries

Silk Road

a system of caravan routes across central Asia, along which travelers carried silk & other trade goods, created a "melting pot" of culture

West African Empires

Ghanna, Mali, Songhai, gold-salt trade played a huge rule in the success of these empires

Monsoons

seasonal winds that brought rain, affected agriculture

Mandate of Heaven

just ruler had divine approval, became central to the Chinese view of goverment

Siddhartha Gautama

founder of Buddhism, followed the 8-fold path, believed in reincarnation, born in foothills of Himalayas in Nepal

Karma

good or bad actions in Hinduism that follow you from life to life

Chivalry

a code of behavior for knights in Medieval Europe: stressed courage, loyalty, devotion

Diaspora

disperal of the Jews from their homeland in Palestine

Hindu Caste system

Social system of the Aryans who settled in India, divided by skin color

Mohammad

unified the arabian peninsula under Islam, skilled religious, politica, military leader

Mansa Musa

the strongest of Sundiata's successors, devout Muslim, emperor of Mali

Centralized Government

a government in which power is concentrated in a central authority to which local governments are subject

Torah

the 1st 5 boks of the Bible, the most sacred writings in the Jewish religion

Ibn Battuta

a traveler who commented on the various interprestations of Islam

5 Pillars of Islam

1) Faith/Shahada 2) Prayer/Salat 3) Alms/zakat 4) Fasting/sawm 5) Pilgrimage/hajj

Daosim

a philosophy of life founded by Laozi, uses nature as a guilde, follows the "way"

Pagan

a person who follows a polytheistc or pre-christian religion

Cultural Diffusion

spread of a culture and/or an individual trait

Feudalism

the system of political organization prevailing in Europe from the 9th-15th centuries: relation of the lord & the vassal w/ all the land held in fee

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set