B. F. Skinner
language learning the result of stimulus- response. Language learned like everything else.
Language too complex to learn through behaviorist model
earlist, utterances relate to things of interest. Focus on objects/ action consistent across children around the world
view both oral and signed language as result of genetic cognitive process.
The ability to use language appropriate to particular social settings. Meaning often depends on context.
Goodman and Goodman
language development is the result of tension between invention and convention.
Correction inhibits, rather than aids language development. Best support is to encourage child to initiate conversation, make is easy, enjoyable.
(1861) identified that left frontal lobe of brain is responsible for language. Further study indicates that language processing takes place in the left hemispere.
No errors in 66,000 pre-school sentences
Children instinctively know how to divide a stream of words into units of meaning.
correlation between language development and stages of physical maturation
The two E's
Enrich the environment
2. natural order- the order of acquisition is developmental
Challenge and feedback
Thomas and Collier
(1998) Prism model
1. two ways- acquisiton (subconscous) vs. Learning (conscious)
(wilga rivers) Communicative approach that pulls from a variety of methods.
(Galyean) Communicative approach that focuses on the whole learner, starts with the individual then expands to group and includes music, art and physical activity.
Input + 1
(Krashen) Optimal input must be at a level slightly above that of the learner.