Kent State Massacre
1970 4 students shot and killed by national guard after protesting against Nixon decision to sent troops into Cambodia and Laos during Vietnam War. Inspired the Song "Ohio" by Niel Young
symbolized all that was right and good about the hippie movement. "3 days of peace and music"
attendance at Woodstock
Tim Leary University
Castalia Institute in Millbrook, NY
Civil Rights Movement
catalyst #1 for social protest
3 peaceful groups
NAACP, CORE, SCLC
3 non-peaceful groups
Black panthers, Nation of Islam, Black Nationalist Movement
Congress of Racial Equality
Soul on Ice
Organization of Afro-American Unity
Catalyst #2 for Social Protest
Catch 22- best embodied the anti-war sentiments of the Counter Culture
become more active because of Vietnam 1968
500k troops in Vietnam
most important medium for defining the hippie ideas
not apart of the psychedelic bandwagon, wrote politically charged songs
First psychedelic Bands
Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, Janis Joplin
The Feminine Mystique-broke 1950s womens stereo-types, first president of NOW
national organization for women
Race equality, widespread use of illicit drugs
swirling colors and imagery
creativeness of the youths of the new generation
4 radical groups
Black Panthers, Students for a Democratic Society, Weathermen, Yippies
founded in 1966 in Oakland by Huey Newton
at the end became more concerned with ending US involvement in the Vietnam War
splintered from SDS believed in violent acts of terror to achieve goals
Youth International Party, used media attention to promote their causes, most successful at the 1968 Democratic Convention
Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman
John Roberts Joel Roseman
comes from black hipsters that used to call white hipsters hippies. negative connotation
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