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Medical Terminology: A Living Language, 4/e.

The respiratory system, in conjunction with the cardiovascular system, delivers _____to the cells of the body.
a. oxygen
b. nutrients
c. carbon dioxide
d. sodium

A

Which of the following is NOT a part of the process of respiration?
a. external respiration
b. thoracic respiration
c. ventilation
d. internal respiration

B

External respiration refers to the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between:
a. alveoli and bloodstream
b. outside air and cells of the body
c. bloodstream and cells
d. lungs and heart

A

Which of the following statements regarding respiration is NOT true?
a. Oxygen is needed for the body cells' metabolism.
b. Carbon dioxide moves from the blood into the cells.
c. Oxygen moves from the alveoli into the bloodstream.
d. Carbon dioxide is the byproduct of metabolism.

B

The nasal cavity is divided down the middle by the:
a. palate
b. sinuses
c. nasal septum
d. nares

C

Which of the following is NOT a function of the nasal cavity?
a. warms inhaled air
b. humidifies inhaled air
c. removes dirt and dust from inhaled air
d. removes oxygen from inhaled air

D

The upper section of the pharynx is called:
a. oropharynx
b. nasopharynx
c. laryngopharynx
d. hypopharynx

B

The tonsils in the throat are considered to be part of the:
a. digestive system
b. respiratory system
c. endocrine system
d. lymphatic system

D

The opening through the vocal cords is called the:
a. glottis
b. adenoids
c. epiglottis
d. thyroid cartilage

A

Which of the following pairs of terms is mismatched?
a. trachea-windpipe
b. larynx-voice box
c. pharynx-throat
d. bronchioles-air sacs

D

The respiratory membrane consists of:
a. walls of alveoli and mucus membrane
b. walls of alveoli and capillaries
c. pulmonary capillary bed
d. walls of bronchioles and alveoli

B

Which of the following statements regarding bronchial tubes is NOT true?
a. Each bronchus is surrounded by pulmonary capillaries.
b. Gas exchange occurs across the respiratory membrane.
c. The trachea splits into a left and right main bronchus
d. Alveoli are located at the tip ends of bronchioles.

A

Which of the following does not make up part of the lungs?
a. alveoli
b. bronchioles
c. trachea
d. bronchi

C

Which of the following pairs is mismatched?
a. apex-tip top of lung
b. base-bottom section of lung
c. hilum-area where trachea enters the lungs
d. pleura-sac around lungs

C

Which of the following lung volumes is the amount of air that enters and exits the lungs during a single quiet breath?
a. tidal volume
b. inspiratory reserve volume
c. residual volume
d. expiratory reserve volume

A

Which of the following lung capacities is the volume of air that can be maximally exhaled after a maximum inhalation?
a. inspiratory capacity
b. functional residual capacity
c. vital capacity
d. total lung capacity

C

Which of the following is NOT one of the vital signs?
a. heart rate
b. respirations
c. urine volume
d. temperature

C

Which of the following is NOT an organ of the respiratory system?
a. lungs
b. esophagus
c. trachea
d. nasal cavity

B

Which organ of the respiratory system is used by both the respiratory and digestive systems?
a. pharynx
b. stomach
c. trachea
d. nasal cavity

A

The respiratory system works in conjunction with the _____ system to deliver oxygen to the cells of the body.
a. digestive
b. endocrine
c. nervous
d. cardiovascular

D

Inhalation brings in fresh _____ and exhalation removes _____.
a. carbon dioxide, oxygen
b. oxygen, nitrogen
c. oxygen, carbon dioxide
d. nitrogen, carbon dioxide

C

The paranasal sinuses are located within the _____.
a. nasal cavity
b. facial bones
c. nasopharynx
d. inner ear

B

The _____ is the roof of the mouth and the floor of the nasal cavity.
a. septum
b. nares
c. palate
d. sinuses

C

The two external openings into the nasal cavity are called the:
a. nares
b. cilia
c. sinuses
d. nasal septum

A

The small hairs that line the opening to the nose and the airways are called:
a. sinuses
b. nares
c. speta
d. cilia

D

The section of pharynx that is associated with the mouth is the:
a. nasopharynx
b. laryngopharynx
c. oropharynx
d. hypopharynx

C

The palatine and lingual tonsils are located in the:
a. oropharynx
b. laryngopharynx
c. nasopharynx
d. hypopharynx

A

Air is carried between the pharynx and bronchial tubes in the:
a. epiglottis
b. trachea
c. nasal cavity
d. esophagus

B

Which of the following choices presents the airways in anatomical order?
a. larynx, trachea, pharynx, bronchial tubes
b. bronchial tubes, trachea, pharynx, larynx
c. pharynx, trachea, larynx, bronchial tubes
d. pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes

C

The pulmonary capillaries tightly encase the:
a. bronchioles
b. main bronchi
c. apex
d. alveoli

D

Which of the following statements regarding the lungs is NOT true?
a. The lungs are divided into lobes.
b. Serous fluid is located between the two layers of the pleura.
c. Lungs are located within the pleural cavity.
d. The mediastinum of the thoracic cavity is located between the lungs and diaphragm.

D

Which of the following statements regarding the action of the diaphragm is NOT true?
a. When the diaphragm contracts it moves downward.
b. The intercostals muscles assist inhalation by raising the rib cage.
c. Air flows into the lungs with exhalation
d. A quiet, unforced exhalation is a passive process because it does not require any muscle contraction.

C

Which of the following statements regarding respiratory rate is NOT true?
a. When carbon dioxide levels rise, we breathe more rapidly to expel the excess.
b. Respiratory rate is regulated by the level of carbon dioxide in the blood.
c. When carbon dioxide levels fall, we breathe more rapidly to bring in more.
d. Medical conditions like pneumonia or brain injury will affect respiratory rate.

C

Which of the following terms is also called suffocation?
a. asphyxia
b. Cheyne-Stokes respiration
c. aspiration
d. hypoventilation

A

Which of the following terms means a nosebleed?
a. stridor
b. epistaxis
c. orthopnea
d. hemoptysis

B

Which of the following terms means a high pitched breathing sound?
a. rhonchi
b. epistaxis
c. stridor
d. rales

C

Mucus coughed up from the respiratory tract is called:
a. phlegm
b. stridor
c. hemoptysis
d. sputum

D

Which term means open or unblocked?
a. patent
b. percussion
c. asphyxia
d. stridor

A

Which condition is commonly called walking pneumonia?
a. histoplasmosis pneumonia
b. Mycoplasma pneumonia
c. pulmonary edema pneumonia
d. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia

B

Which of the following conditions causes constriction of the bronchial airways by bronchospasms?
a. diphtheria
b. pertussis
c. croup
d. asthma

B

Which of the following conditions is not a type of pneumoconiosis?
a. anthracosis
b. silicosis
c. cyanosis
d. asbestosis

C

Which of the following is an inherited condition?
a. emphysema
b. atelectasis
c. histoplasmosis
d. cystic fibrosis

D

Which of the following conditions is a fungal infection?
a. histoplasmosis
b. adult respiratory distress syndrome
c. diphtheria
d. Mycoplasma pneumonia

A

Which of the following conditions may cause an infarct in the lungs?
a. pulmonary fibrosis
b. pulmonary emboli
c. pulmonary edema
d. pneumonia

B

Which serious lung infection causes the alveoli to fill up with fluid?
a. tuberculosis
b. pneumoconiosis
c. pneumonia
d. pulmonary fibrosis

C

Which of the following conditions may result in a collapsed lung?
a. pulmonary embolism
b. tuberculosis
c. pleural effusion
d. pneumothorax

D

Which condition is characterized by the destruction of the walls of the alveoli resulting in over expanded air sacs?
a. emphysema
b. hisoplasmosis
c. pneumoconiosis
d. empyema

A

Which of the following diagnostic tests is used to diagnose cystic fibrosis?
a. sweat test
b. spirometry
c. pulmonary angiography
d. sputum cytology

A

Which of the following diagnostic tests is a nuclear medicine procedure especially useful in identifying pulmonary emboli?
a. spirometry
b. polysomnography
c. pulmonary function test
d. ventilation perfusion scan

D

Which diagnostic procedure monitors a patient while sleeping to identify sleep apnea?
a. pulmonary function test
b. ventilation perfusion scan
c. polysomnography
d. bronchoscopy

C

Which diagnostic procedure measures the oxygen level in the blood?
a. ventilation-perfusion scan
b. oximetry
c. bronchography
d. polysomnography

B

Which of the following diagnostic procedures is a test for malignant cells?
a. sputum cytology
b. sputum culture & sensitivity
c. pulmonary function test
d. arterial blood gas

A

Which of the following is a machine that breathes for a patient who is unable to breathe on his or her own?
a. postural drainage
b. endotracheal intubation
c. aerosol therapy
d. ventilator

D

Which of the following is an emergency treatment given to patients when their breathing and heart stops?
a. Heimlich maneuver
b. thoracentesis
c. cardiopulmonary resuscitation
d. intermittent positive pressure breathing

C

Which therapeutic procedure uses gravity to encourage the removal of secretions from the bronchi?
a. postural drainage
b. intermittent positive pressure breathing
c. thoracentesis
d. Heimlich maneuver

A

Which kind of medication is suspended in a mist in order to be inhaled?
a. endotracheal medications
b. aerosol therapy
c. pulmonary medications
d. postural drainage

B

Which of the following medications treats an allergy attack?
a. expectorant
b. bronchodilator
c. antitussive
d. antihistamine

D

Which of the following medications relieves the urge to cough?
a. expectorant
b. bronchodilator
c. antitussive
d. antihistamine

A

Which of the following medications relaxes muscle spasms in the bronchial tube?
a. expectorant
b. bronchodilator
c. antitussive
d. antihistamine

B

Which of the following medications improves the ability to cough up mucus?
a. expectorant
b. bronchodilator
c. antitussive
d. antihistamine

B

Which abbreviation stands for a diagnostic laboratory test?
a. CPR
b. ENT
c. ARDS
d. ABGs

A

Which abbreviation stands for a life threatening condition in babies?
a. TB
b. SARS
c. SIDS
d. COPD

D

Which abbreviation stands for a diagnostic test?
a. TB
b. PFT
c. SOB
d. URI

C

Which abbreviation stands for a pathological condition?
a. SARS
b. PFT
c. C&S
d. ENT

B

Which term means pleural pain?
a. pleurodynia
b. thoracalgia
c. pleuritis
d. pleurectomy

A

Which term means abnormal condition of blue?
a. cyanotic
b. cyanitis
c. cyaniosis
d. cyanosis

D

Which term means study of the ear, nose, and throat?
a. otonasolaryngology
b. otorhinolaryngology
c. otonasopharyngology
d. otorhinolaryngologist

B

Which term means abnormal condition of lung dust?
a. pneumoconiosis
b. pulmoconiosis
c. pneumoanthracosis
d. anthracosis

A

Which term means inflammation of the nose and throat?
a. rhinolaryngitis
b. nasolaryngitis
c. nasopharyngitis
d. rhinopharyngitis

C

Which term means nose discharge?
a. rhinorrhea
b. rhinoplasty
c. rhinorrhagia
d. rhinitis

A

Which term means narrowing of the trachea?
a. tracheostomy
b. tracheoectasis
c. tracheosclerosis
d. tracheostenosis

D

Which of the following terms means excessive (deep) breathing?
a. hypopnea
b. tachypnea
c. hyperpnea
d. orthopnea

C

Which of the following terms means normal breathing?
a. apnea
b. eupnea
c. orthopnea
d. dyspnea

B

Which of the following terms means air in the chest?
a. pneumothroax
b. hemothorax
c. pyothorax
d. pulmothorax

A

Which condition is a bacterial upper respiratory infection characterized by the formation of a thick membranous film across the throat?
a. diptheria
b. pertussis
c. croup
d. asthma

A

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