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ICC Summer 2013 Final Exams

According to your textbook, persuasive speakers have an ethical obligation to

make sure their goals are ethically sound.
learn about all sides of an issue.
present their evidence fairly and accurately

Which of the following specific purpose statements is from a persuasive speech seeking passive agreement?

To persuade my audience that the college should adopt an honor code.

As your textbook explains, __________ order is a way to structure a persuasive speech on a question of policy when the audience already agrees that a problem exists but needs to be persuaded that your plan provides the best solution to the problem.

comparative advantages

According to your textbook, which pattern of organization is used in the following set of main points for a persuasive speech urging the audience to donate time to famine-relief organizations?

I. Donating time to famine-relief organizations is more effective than donating money because it reduces a country's dependence on foreign aid.
II. Donating time to famine-relief organizations is more effective than donating money because it creates a personal connection to the people you are helping.

Comparative Advantages

Which of the following is the final step in Monroe's motivated sequence?

Action

Research indicates that audiences often engage in a mental give-and-take with the speaker as they listen to a persuasive speech.

True or False:
True

"To persuade my audience to support the construction of a new convention center" is a specific purpose statement for a question of fact.

True or False:
False

When dealing with a question of value, a public speaker needs to justify his or her value judgment on the basis of some set of standards or criteria.

True or False:
True

"To persuade my audience that cloning human beings is morally unjustifiable" is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of value.

True or False:
True

"To persuade my audience to become volunteers for the Special Olympics" is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of policy whose aim is immediate action.

True or False:
True

When reasoning analogically, you infer that

what is true in one case will also be true in a similar case.

According to your textbook, the following statement is an example of what type of fallacy?

Instituting a national sales tax must be a bad idea. Polls show that 66 percent of Americans oppose it.

Bandwagon

According to your textbook, the following statement is an example of what type of fallacy?
The use of marijuana has been a federal crime for more than 70 years. It was a good policy 70 years ago, and it's a good policy today.

Appeal to Tradition

According to your textbook, the following statement is an example of what type of fallacy?
It doesn't make sense to force small children to ride in special car seats. Generations of children have ridden in cars without them, and they survived just fine.

Appeal to Tradition

According to your textbook, the following statement is an example of what type of fallacy?
If you want the most reliable air conditioner, you always should buy the newest model.

Appeal to Novelty

The fact that audiences are egocentric means that

listeners interpret what you say on the basis of what they know and believe.

If you were giving an informative speech to a general audience on Global Positioning Systems technology, the most important factor to consider when analyzing your audience would probably be the

knowledge of the audience about the topic.

The process of audience adaptation is over by the time a speaker starts delivering the speech.

True or False:
False

Ethnocentrism means that audiences typically approach speeches by asking, "Why is this important to me?"

True or False:
False

Listeners typically approach a speech with one question uppermost in their minds: "Why is this important to the speaker?"

True or False:
False

The group membership of an audience can provide excellent clues about their interests and attitudes.

True or False:
True

According to your textbook, which of the following is an advantage of using visual aids in a speech?

1.increase the clarity of a speaker's message.
2. increase the audience's retention of a speaker's message.
3. increase the persuasiveness of a speaker's message.

__________ are especially valuable for showing an audience statistical trends and patterns.

Graphs

Which of the following would probably be the best kind of visual aid to summarize the major types of agricultural crops grown in the United States?

a chart

As your textbook explains, visual aids are most effective when they are displayed

only while the speaker is discussing them.

One advantage of preparing your visual aids well in advance is that doing so allows you to use them while practicing your speech.

True or False:
True

Red and green is usually a poor color combination for a visual aid.

True or False:
True

As your textbook explains, research shows that using PowerPoint images for every idea in a speech increases listener comprehension.

True or False:
False

Visual aids should usually be displayed from the right side of the lectern.

True or False:
False

In most circumstances, a speaker should avoid passing visual aids among the audience.

True or False:
True

When you finish discussing a PowerPoint slide, you should leave it on screen until you get to the next slide.

True or False:
False

According to your textbook, language is important because it

gives meaning to events

Zhu wants to create concern among her listeners about the infringements on civil liberties she fears are resulting from the war on terrorism. She has decided to use words with strong connotative meanings because she knows they will help he

arouse an emotional response.

Jerome wants his audience to appreciate the harsh reality of life for migrant workers in the United States. In addition to using strong supporting materials, he decides to use words with connotative meanings because he knows they will help him

arouse an emotional response.

"Asking the administration to police its corruption is like putting Dracula in charge of the blood bank" is an example of

Simile

"My grandmother is the glue that holds our family together" is an example of

Metaphor

The words we use to label an event determine to a great extent how we respond to that event.

True or False:
True

"History is a drama with many acts" is an example of metaphor.

True or False:
True

Language has a rhythm created by the choice and arrangement of words.

True or False:
True

Which of the following is an example of a speech for a special occasion?

a speech presenting an award to a retiring newspaper editor

As your textbook explains, when you give a speech of introduction, you should be sure to adapt your remarks to the

occasion, audience, and the main speaker.

What does it mean to say that a speech of introduction should be "adapted to the main speaker"?

The speech should avoid creating discomfort for the main speaker.

One method recommended in your textbook for creating a sense of drama and anticipation in a speech of introduction is to

save the name of the main speaker until the final moment

As president of the city's historical society, Madeline is introducing the guest speaker at the society's year-end banquet. According to your textbook, the best way for Madeline to create a sense of anticipation and drama in her speech of introduction is to

save the name of the guest speaker for last.

According to your textbook, the main purpose of a speech of presentation is to present

a gift or an award to the recipient.

When giving a speech of presentation, you should usually

tell why the recipient is receiving her or his award.

Which of the following is an example of a speech of presentation?

a speech presenting an award to an outstanding student

According to your textbook, the major traits of a good acceptance speech are brevity, humility, and

graciousness.

Which of the following speeches that you might hear on a college campus would be an example of a commemorative speech?

a governor's remarks at the graduation ceremony

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