Chapter 8, True/False

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Medical Terminology: A Living Language, 4/e.

_____The gallbladder is an accessory organ of the digestive system.

True

_____Digested food is absorbed by the stomach.

False

_____Accessory organs of the digestive system are connected to the gut tube by a duct.

True

_____The palate forms the floor of the oral cavity.

False

_____Cementum helps to anchor teeth in their sockets.

True

_____Dentin in the teeth is the hardest substance in the body.

False

_____Air and food share sections of the pharynx.

True

_____The pyloric sphincter is also called the cardiac sphincter.

False

_____Peristalsis is the wave like muscular contractions that propel food through the digestive system.

True

_____The jejunum receives food from the stomach.

False

_____The evacuation of feces from the rectum is called defecation.

True

_____Saliva mixes with food in the mouth to form chime which is swallowed.

False

_____The liver is located primarily in the right upper quadrant.

True

_____Ascites is the collection of fluid in the stomach.

False

_____Pyrosis is another term for heart burn.

True

_____Incontinence is the inability to control grinding your teeth.

False

_____Emesis means to vomit.

True

_____The crown of a tooth is below the gum line.

False

_____Periodontics is a branch of dentistry that treats gum disease.

True

_____Hematochezia means the passage of dark and tarry stools.

False

_____An implant is a device for anchoring a false tooth or dentures.

True

_____A diverticulum is a small growth attached to a mucus membrane by a stem.

False

_____The third molar is the wisdom tooth.

True

_____In GERD, acid splashes from the stomach into the trachea.

False

_____Herpes labialis causes fever blisters.

True

_____Tooth cavities are the most common cause of tooth loss.

False

_____Esophageal varices may rupture and cause serious bleeding.

True

_____Hepatitis is usually caused by a bacterial infection.

False

_____Ileus is a problem resulting from an intestinal blockage.

True

_____In an inguinal hernia the intestine protrudes through the diaphragm.

False

_____In volvulus the intestine twists on itself cutting off blood flow.

True

_____Intususseption is spelled correctly.

False

_____Irritable bowel syndrome is also called spastic colon.

True

_____An elevated serum bilirubin indicates stomach disease.

False

_____A bite-wing X-ray is of the teeth.

True

_____O&P is also called stool guaiac.

False

_____A stool culture is used to diagnose a bacterial infection.

True

_____An UGI X-ray examines the sigmoid colon.

False

_____A laparoscopy examines inside the abdominal cavity.

True

_____Extraction means removing feces from the colon.

False

_____A root canal removes the pulp cavity in the root of a tooth.

True

_____A fistula is a crack like split in the rectum or anal canal.

False

_____Gavage means to give a patient food through an NG tube.

True

_____Gastric stapling is used to treat PUD.

False

_____A cholecystectomy may be performed with a laparoscope.

True

_____Proton-pump inhibitors preven the pancreas from secreting digestive enzymes.

False

_____A laxative is used to treat constipation.

True

_____An emetic prevents vomiting.

False

_____A BE is the same as a lower GI series.

True

_____Ascites is a parasitic infection of the intestines and colon.

False

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