World History: Chapter 2: Vocabulary

22 terms by ivonnea 

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oasis

Place in the desert where water allows plant and animal life

silt

Fertile soil carried as sediment in river water

hieroglyphics

Method of Egyptian writing that used pictures or symbols to indicate words or sounds

papyrus

Writing material made by the ancient Egyptians out of the plant stems; plural papyri

kingdom

Term for monarchy, a form of government headed by a king or queen

monarchy

Term for kingdom, a form of government headed by a king or queen

pharaoh

Egyptian ruler's title

dynasty

Family of rulers whose right to rule is hereditary

empire

Form of government that unties different territories and people under one ruler

polytheism

Belief in the existence of many gods

monotheism

Belief in one God

caravans

Groups of people traveling together for safety over long distances

scribes

Clerks who read or wrote for those who could not to do themselves

mummification

Preservation process that involved treating a corpse with various chemicals

city-state

Form of government that consisted of a town or city and the surrounding land it controlled

cuneiform

Sumerian method of writing using a stylus to make combinations of wedge shapes

arch

Curved structure over an opening

ziggurats

Sumerian temples built in years, each one smaller than the one bellow it

cavalry

Military units of soldiers on horses

barter

Exchange of one commodity or service for another

money economy

Economic system based on the use money rather than on barter

ethical monotheism

Hebrew form of monotheism, or belief in one god, that emphasizes proper conduct

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