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of 25 available terms

5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. translation
  2. transfer RNA (tRNA)
  3. codon
  4. polyploidy
  5. frameshift mutation
  1. a three-nucleotide sequence on messenger RNA that codes for a single amino acid
  2. b decoding of an mRNA message into a polypeptide chain
  3. c condition in which an organism has extra sets of chromosomes
  4. d type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis has anticodon exposed
  5. e mutation that shifts the "reading" frame of the genetic message by inserting or deleting a nucleotide

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. region of DNA that indicates to an enzyme where to bind to make RNA
  2. group of genes operating together
  3. expressed sequence of DNA ; codes for a protein
  4. virus that infects bacteria
  5. region of chromosome in an operon to which the repressor binds when the operon is "turned off"

5 True/False Questions

  1. chromatinregion of DNA that indicates to an enzyme where to bind to make RNA


  2. messenger RNA (mRNA)RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA to the rest of the cell


  3. base pairinggroup of genes operating together


  4. genesequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait or chemical pathway


  5. replicationcopying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA


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