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protein synthesis Test

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of 25 available terms

5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. transfer RNA (tRNA)
  2. chromatin
  3. exon
  4. RNA polymerase
  5. replication
  1. a copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
  2. b type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis has anticodon exposed
  3. c expressed sequence of DNA ; codes for a protein
  4. d granular material visible within the nucleus; consists of DNA tightly coiled around proteins
  5. e enzyme similar to DNA polymerase that binds to DNA and separates the DNA strands during transcription

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coiled in chromatin
  2. gene mutation involving changes in one or a few nucleotides
  3. change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information
  4. sequence og DNA that is not involved in coding for a protein
  5. mutation that shifts the "reading" frame of the genetic message by inserting or deleting a nucleotide

5 True/False Questions

  1. operongroup of genes operating together


  2. bacteriophagemonomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base


  3. promoterregion of DNA that indicates to an enzyme where to bind to make RNA


  4. anticodonthree-nucleotide sequence on messenger RNA that codes for a single amino acid


  5. translationdecoding of an mRNA message into a polypeptide chain


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