Psych Quizes

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1._______ statistics are used for decision making, for generalizing from small samples, and for drawing
conclusions.

Inferential

A _________ is a graph of a frequency distribution in which the number of scores falling in each class is
represented by points on a line.

frequency polygon

The difference between the highest and lowest score is the

Range

Three hundred students at Meridian Community College are surveyed regarding their views on distance learning classes. All of the students at Meridian Community College would be the

population

A graph that plots the intersection of paired measures, that is, the points at which paired X and Y measures cross is called a

scatter diagram

When measure X gets larger, measure Y gets smaller in a

negative relationship

Your text defines psychology as the

Science of behavior and mental processes

You see an attractive person at a party and go over to introduce yourself. The psychologist who would be most interested in this attraction of strangers would be a

social psychologist

This psychologist advanced the theory that a "designed culture" based on positive reinforcement could encourage desirable behavior?

B.F. Skinner

An eclectic psychologist is one that

draws from many theories and approaches

Your best friend passes you in the school hallway and glares at you without speaking. You think, "Now why did she do that?" One possible explanation could be that she saw you flirting with her boyfriend. Within the framework of the scientific method, that possible explanation for your friend's behavior would be considered a(n)

hypothesis

An in-depth study of a single individual is known as a

case study

Another name for the cell body is the

soma

The neurotransmitters bind to the _____ located on the ______

receptor sites; dendrites

Ricardo was given curare and suffered paralysis. By attaching to receptor sites on his muscles, curare competes with

acetylcholine

When a neuron reaches its threshold, a (n) occurs

action potential

The main divisions of the human nervous system are the

central nervous system and peripheral nervous system.

Changes in heart rate, blood pressure, digestion, and sweating are controlled by the

autonomic system

Wernicke's area is located in the

left temporal lobe.

Which of the following parts of the body would have the largest area represented on the motor area?

fingers

Being able to read Braille or to play the guitar with your hands and fingers are two skills that one is able to
do because more of the and are devoted to these body parts.

somatosensory area; motor area

Aphasia is a (n)

language disturbance resulting from brain damage

A karate chop to an area at the top of the neck could stop a person's heart and breathing by damaging the

medulla.

Megan suffers from a phobia of kittens and cats. Even though she consciously understands that she does not have to be afraid of such small creatures, she still exhibits nervousness as she watches her daughter petting a neighbor's gentle cat. Which part of the limbic system causes this fear response that Megan does not understand?

amygdala

Which of the following statements about handedness is FALSE?

Handedness is inherited from one's parents like eye color or skin color

involves receiving, encoding, storing, organizing, altering, and retrieving information.

Memory

Which of the following determines what information will move from sensory memory to short-term memory?

selective attention

Because hyphens divide the numbers on your social security card into three segments, it is easier for you to remember this 9-digit number. This illustrates

chunking.

The two main categories of long-term memories are

procedural and declarative.

Basic conditioned responses and learned skills, such as typing or driving, are considered

procedural memories

If you are trying to list all the furniture in your house for the insurance company, you would use

stored images

The study of the meaning of language is known as

semantics

A learned set of rules that always leads to a correct solution is known as

an algorithm

Claudia's failure to see that a trash bag would make an excellent make-shift raincoat is an example of

functional fixedness

The items that Binet included on his test were based on the

tasks that an average child could perform at each age level.

The definition of intelligence includes all of the following skills EXCEPT the ability to

recall and organize data into patterns

The correlation of the IQ scores of identical twins reared together is .86, while the correlation ofIQ scores for identical twins reared apart drops to .72. Psychologists have interpreted this finding as indicating that adult intelligence is

roughly 50 percent hereditary

On a creativity test, you are asked to list all the uses of a paper clip. Your total number of suggestions would be your______ score.

fluency

When you are asked to make as many new words as possible by rearranging the letters in the word "intelligence," you are using

divergent thinking

One doctor tells you that you have a 10% chance of dying during the surgery, while another doctor tells you that you have a 90% chance of survival if you have the surgery. Understanding that you have the same survival odds means that you have not succumbed to

framing

According to Freud, the ego often employs ________________ in order to reduce the anxieties resulting from an
imbalance among the three parts of the personality.

defense mechanisms

If a person exhibits nail biting, gum chewing, smoking, or overeating when anxious, Freud would have said that the person was fixated during the ________ stage.

oral

According to Freud, the Oedipus and Electra complexes occur during the

phallic stage

According to Freud, the successful resolution of the Oedipal and Electra conflicts ends when the child uses
the defense mechanism of __________ , which allows the child to take on the values and behaviors of the
same-sex parent.

identification

You are planning to get your doctorate in psychology. Do you believe you will be able to make the sacrifices, study long hours, conduct research, and write a dissertation? If you do, then Bandura would say that you have a high degree of

self-efficacy

You are asked by a psychologist to describe what you see in a set of ten inkblots that vary in color, shading, form, and complexity. This psychologist is using the

Rorschach Technique

A perceived lack of control creates a stressful sense of threat when combined with a perceived

lack of competence

Ben and B. J. are excellent paramedics who have saved many lives. In order to handle the extreme stress of their job, they very often make humorous comments about their situations and at times act silly to relieve the stress. They are using which coping strategy?

emotion-focused coping

Ron's parents want him to either go to college or go to work in his father's business. Ron does not want to do either, but becomes so stressed by this conflict that he joins the army. Ron's joining the army is an example of

leaving the field

A special danger in the transmission of STDs is that many people are __________ at first.

asymptomatic

John is a contestant on "Wheel of Fortune," and he believes that he can use his mind to make the wheel land on "lose a turn" or "bankrupt" when his opponents are spinning it. John believes he has which psi ability?

psychokinesis

The study of ESP and other psi phenomenon is known as

parapsychology

Students have found that if their psychology teacher repeats a term "three times", this term will definitely be on the test. Paying attention to specific stimuli illustrates the students'

perceptual learning

The moon appears smaller when it is overhead than when it is near the horizon because of

the lack of depth cues when the moon is overhead.

Distant objects tend to look hazy, washed out in color, and lacking in detail, which illustrates

aerial perspective

Our tendency to fill in missing parts of a figure in order to complete the overall pattern illustrates which perceptual principle?

closure

At the national cheerleading contest, all the contestants are seated in one area within the stadium. Although 1000 students are seated in this area, your eyes discern about 100 groups due to each group of cheerleaders having different color outfits. The way you grouped these students is most likely due to the perceptual principle of

similarity.

Grandma told the grandkids that their "PaPa" was right about the "little hammer and other things" being in their heads. She then added that their inner ear looked like a snail. This fluid-filled structure that looks like a snail is the

cochlea

The stapes is attached to a membrane on the cochlea called the _____, which moves back and forth, making waves in the fluid inside the cochlea.

oval window

The most common test for color blindness or color weakness is the

Ishihara test

A receiver runs down field, turns, and focuses on the tiny "missile" spiraling down to him. This receiver's ability to see the football emphasizes his excellent visual acuity due to the large concentration of __ in the fovea of his eyes.

cones

Visual acuity is sharpest when images are focused on the fovea. This is because ofthe high concentration of ___ in that region.

cones

The sensory receptors of your eyes are able to convert light energy into neural energy which can then be utilized by the brain. Thus, the sensory receptors in you eyes act as

biological transducers

According to Erikson, the first dilemma a newborn infant must resolve is:

trust versus mistrust.

Although Scott does not like to do lawn work, he does because "what would people think if he let his yard grow up." When using this line of reasoning, Scott is exhibiting which level of moral development?

conventional level

Jay and Justin each have a stick of gum. Eight-year-old Jay stretches his stick until it is much longer.
Five-year old Justin begins to cry because he thinks that Jay has more gum than he does. Justin lacks:

conservation

According to Piaget, one of the major developments during the sensorimotor stage is the emergence of the concept of:

object permanence

When Kathy uses crayons, she holds them tightly and presses down hard on the paper. Her mother just gave Kathy some fine line markers to draw with. Kathy grips the marker tightly and presses the point down hard on the paper. The point of the marker breaks. Kathy's difficulty with the new drawing instrument is due to:

assimilation

When Sidney misbehaves, his mother takes away his phone privileges or takes away his video game system. Sidney's mother is using the ____ discipline technique.

power assertion

When a parent leaves the room, and the child shows mixed feelings upon the parent's return, that is, the child seeks to be near the parent but angrily resists contact, the child is exhibiting:

an insecure-ambivalent attachment.

Jeffery is 18 months old, and his mother has spent almost every waking moment of the last three weeks trying to toilet-train Jeffery. However, Jeffery has shown no improvement. Jeffery's mother should be told that toilet training as well as other milestones in development are governed by the:

child's readiness

Which of the following is considered a congenital problem

FAS

There are __ chromosomes in the nucleus of every human cell, except for the sperm and ova

46

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