Misc. Questions from Saladin reading for 1st PRQ

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Structure that can be observed with the naked eye is called _________.

gross anatomy

The word root homeo- means

same

The simplest structures considered to be alive are ________.

cells

Which of the following is not a human organ system?
a. integumentary
b. muscular
c.epithelial
d. nervous
e. endocrine

c. epithelial

________ means studying anatomy by touch.

Palpation

the prefix hetero- means ________.

different

cutting and separating tissues to reveal structural relationships is called ________.

dissection

The tendency of the body to maintain stable internal conditions is called _________.

homeostasis

A/an _______ is the simplest body structure to be composed of two or more types of tissue.

organ

The technique for listening to the sounds of the heart valves is ________.

auscultation

A ring-shaped section of the small intestine would be a ________ section.

transverse

The tarsal region is ________ to the popliteal region.

distal

The greater omentum is _______ to the small intestine.

superficial

A ________ line passes through the sternum, umbilicus, and mons pubis.

mid-sagittal

The ______ region is immediately medial to the coxal region.

inguinal

The forearm is said to be ______ when the palms are facing forward.

supinated

The superficial layer of the pleura is called the _______ pleura.

parietal

The right and left pleural cavities are separated by a thick wall called the _______.

mediastinum

The back of the neck is the _______ region.

nuchal

The manus is more commonly known as the _______ and the pes is more commonly known as the _______.

feet, foot

The cranial cavity is lined by membranes called the ________,

meninges

Organs that lie within the abdominal cavity but not within the peritoneal cavity are said to have a _______ position.

retroperitoneal

The sternal region is ________ to the pertoral region.

medial

The pelvic cavity can be described as _______ to the abdominal cavity in position.

inferior

The anterior pit of the elbow is the ______ region, and the corresponding (but posterior) pit of the knee is the ______ fossa.

cubital, popliteal

Listening to the natural sounds made by the body, such as heart and lung sounds, is called _________.

auscultation

Histology is the study of _________.

microscopic examination of tissue specimens

Situs inversus and horseshoe kidney are examples of __________.

anatomical variation

A mass of similar cells that forms a discrete region of our body is a(n) ___________.

organ

The study of structure is __________.

anatomy

The study of function is __________.

physiology

_________ is a type of examination of the human body by simply looking at the bodies surface appearance.

Inspection

___________ means feeling a structure with the hands.

Palpation

____________ is where the examiner taps on the body, feels for abnormal resistance, and listens to the emitted sound for signs of abnormalities.

Percussion

________ and _________ both mean "cutting apart".

anatomy; dissection

The study of more than one species in order to gain insight into similarities and differences is called ______________.

comparative anatomy

____________ refers to the fine detail, down to the molecular level, revealed by the electron microscope.

Ultrastructure

Hierarchy of Complexity

organism - organ system - organs - tissues - cells - organelles - molecules - atoms

What are the 11 organ systems?

integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, circulatory, lymphatic, respiratory, urinary, digestive, and reproductive.

An _______ is a structure composed of two or more tissue types that work together to carry out a particular function.

organ

A ______ is a mass of similar cells and cell products that forms a discrete region of an organ and performs a specific function.

tissue

What are the 4 primary classes of tissue?

epithelial, nervous, muscular, and connective tissue.

The theory that a large, complex system such as the human body can be understood by studying its simpler components is called _________.

reductionism

The theory that there are "emergent properties" of the whole organism that cannot be predicted from the properties of its separate parts is _________.

holism

The normal arrangement of internal organs is called ____________.

situs solitus

Approximately 1 in 8000 people are born with an abnormality called _____________ where the organs of the thoracic and abdominal cavities are reversed between right and left.

situs inversus

A selective right-left reversal of the heart is called ____________.

dextrocardia

In __________ a single organ occupies an atypical position - for example, a kidney located low in the pelvic cavity instead of high in the abdominal cavity.

situs perversus

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