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buffoon

clown or prankster

catharsis

cleansing or purification of emotions, usually by empathizing with another's problems

chorus

group of twelve or more members who sang and danced as a part of their commentary about a play

exposition

part of a plot in which the situation and some of the characters are introduced and explained

monologue

a long speech given by one actor or character; soliloquy

parodies

forms of literature that imitate the style of other writings in a humorous manner

prologue

an announcement, or commentary, about something to come

protagonist

the main character who struggles throughout the play to accomplish his goals

pun

a humorous play on words, the humorous use of homonyms so that more than one meaning can be intended

tragic hero

a protagonist having a flaw, error, weakness, or vice that causes him to lose everything, sometimes even his life

trilogy

a group or series of three plays or literary works related in theme or subject

allegory

a narrative having two levels of meaning: a surface, or literal, meaning and an underlying or figurative meaning

crisis

the turning point of a play or story

dialogue

the words written by the author for the characters to speak

dramatic irony

a device used to allow the audience to know something the characters do not know

farces

plays containing ridiculous events or mockery, based on obviously humorous situations

melodramatic

originally intense plays filled with action, usually showing the results of man's emotions overcoming reason; later it applied to any type of writing with exaggerated emotional appeal; usually good struggles against evil

pantomime

a play given without words; actors use gestures to convey the situation or story

acolyte

one who assists a priest during a religious ceremony

liturgical

having to do with the established form for the ceremonies or rites of religious worship

prototype

the first, or original, of anything

didactic

intended to instruct

anticlimax

an abrupt descent from a previous high point; an important event followed by trivial or unimportant information

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