Formally one nation now has split into two nations after what has been called the "velvet divorce" 1993
The capital of this country (Prague) is a great example of a primate city and has a cultural landscape faithful to their traditions.
Prague, Czech Republic
This is the most westernized city, as well as being a primate city and very industrial.
This country also has people native to it living in Austria, Slovakia, Serbia, and Romania. Due to when they used to inhabit a great deal of Europe.
A policy of cultural extension and political expansion aimed at a national group living in a neighboring country. Italy was once a country that did this and Hungary is continuing to support it today.
Economic mismanagement and political intrigue combined to make this country Europe's most deeply indebted country
This country's political system reflects communists elements. Has a weak economy and poor social indicators. But a recent member of the EU
The capital, Bucharest, is slowly decaying in this country. When it was once the "Paris of the Balkans" has now been caleed the "basket case of the Balkans"
Important to Europe. Has population of 21.5 million and bridges gap from central Europe to south eastern part of the realm.
LIberated by Russia from Turks in 1878. Until they were driven out they were treated unkind here when the country closed all mosques, prohibited use of turkish laguage and forced turks to adopt slavic names.
Coast has a major port but its main adavantage of being near the black sea is its tourist trade.
This country announced that it would restrict workers immigrating from Romania and Bulgaria and said that the EU leaders had crossed the line in admitting them into the union.
Largest state in the entire realm. Western part is largely agrarian and rural with mostly Roman Catholics. Eastern part is industrial and mostly Russian Orthodox.
Emerged from the Soviet period with a huge industrial complex in its east and a large Russian minority of 17%.
Has International shipping lanes, large resource base, significant farm production, educated and skilled labor, huge and domesticated market center
Ukraine's small and impoverished neighbor that is in many ways the poorest country in Europe.
Has Russian influenced sepratists that have formed what is being proclaimed as "Republic of Transdneistria" on the other side of the Dniester river.
Country the consisted of Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, and Albania
Has a small population relative to its size and it continues to decline. But historically has been a world empire and colonial power.
3 environmental conditions of Russia
Latitudinal position, Continental position, location of major mountains
Physiographic Regions of Russia
Russian Plain, Ural Mountains, West Siberian Plain, Central Siberian Plateau, Yakutsk Basin, Eastern Highlands, Central Asian Ranges, and Caucasus Mountains
The physiographic region of Russian that is marked as a boundary between European Russia and Asian Russia, does not hinder transportation, and is rich in fossil fuels and minerals.
West Siberian Plain
The phsiographic region of Russia that has the world's largest unbroken lowland.
Central Siberian Plateau
The Physiogrpahic region of Russia that is sparsely populated and has permafrost and temperature extremes as well as long cold winter, hardly any summer, and no human activity
The physiographic region of Russian that has Ranges, Ridges, and precipitous valleys, volcanic mountains, Lake Baykal
Investigates not only the distribution of climatic conditions over the Earth's surface but also the processes that generate the spatial arrangement.
inland climatic environment remote from moderating and moistening maritime influences.
Captial City positioned in actually or potentially contested territory, usually near an international border; it confirms the state's determination to maintain its presence in the region in contention.
Czar Peter the Great
Ruled from 1682-1725
Founder of modern Russia
St. Petersburg built in his reign as a forward capital
Czarina Catherine the Great
Ruled from 1760-1796
Penetrated the muntainous Caucausus wiht dozens of ethnic and cultrual groups.
Made Russia a colonial power
Sold Russia's Alskan territory to US
The drive toward the creation and expansion of a colonial empire and once, extablished, its perpetuation.
Demographic resettlement policies pursued by the central planners of the Soviet Empire, wherby ethnic Rssians wer encouraged to emigrate from the Russian Republic to the 14 non-Russian republics of the U.S.S.R.
Means of production are owned and controlled by the state and in which central planning of the structure and the output prevails.
Features 1.)Particular manufactured goods in particular places
2.) Economic Interdependence of the Republics
Decline in agricultural and industrial production, ethno cultural nationalisim and sepratism, Pluralization of soviet politics and steady erosion of communist party and monopoly power, and the emergence of the "commonwealth" of slavic countries caused a collapse of what?
Sharing of power between a country's central government and its political subdivisions
Central government represents the various subnational entities within a nation state where they have common interests, yet allows these various entities to retain their own identities.
Principal obejectives of Soviet Planners
1.) To accelerate industrialization 2.) TO collectivize agriculture
Unitary State System
A nation-state that has a centralized governement and administration that exercises power equally over all parts of the state.
Changing Social Geographies
1. Revival of Religion 2.Failure of the Pension System 3. Rise of the Oligarchs 4. Crime and Corruption 5. Experimental Freedoms
Russia is expected to have about 130 million citizens by 2050. This is an example of what?
Unsolved problems for Russia
1.Ownership of oil and gas in Caspian Basin 2. settlement of Kurile Islands 3. Relations with Transcaucasian neighbor Georgia 4. Efforts to Unite with Belarus
contains third of the country's population. Automobile, tire, and textile producing centers lie around the outside of this city. Not architechtually appealing but has historical sturctres as well as modern architechture
Region within the Russian core. Name that means it extends along the middle and lower valley of the Volga River
Has a devastated capital city, contains sizeable Muslim population, and continue to this day to resist Russian authority
This geographical piece is sometimes used to end the European side of Russia and show the beginnings of the Asian side.
Historically a battleground for Christians and Muslims, Armenians and Turks, Russians and Persians. Today contains 3 former Soviet Socialist Republics: Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan.
Bounded piece of territory that is part of a particular state but lies seprarted from it by the territory of another state.