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Midevil to Classical

A simple and more familiar type of canon is called

round

Meter is an organizing principle shared by music and poetry

true

Traditional music of the Far East is largely

monophonic

Most large musical ensembles use a conductor in order to perform together

True

A short melodic, rhythmic, or harmonic pattern repeated throughout a musical work is called an ostinato

True

Which of the following terms describes a concordant or agreeable combination of tones

consonant

The smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic-rhythmic unit is called

motive

A musical form based on statement, departure, and a restatement of the first idea is called binary form

false

Describe the organ

Sound is created when air flows through pipes controlled by the organist, Some organs have more than one keyboard, including one played by the feet The sound of an organ can be imitated by electric keyboards and synthesizers

Ternary form is best outlined as A-B-A

true

The procedure in which a melodic idea is presented in one voice and then restated in another is called

Imitation

A heterophonic texture frequently occurs in music involving improvisation, such as jazz

true

Which of the following would be classified as an unpitched percussion instrument

bass drum

The striking emotional effect created by the high point in a melodic line is called

The climax

When a piece of music begins on the last beat of a measure, it is said to begin with

an upbeat

Which marking is appropriate for a slow tempo

adagio

The percussion family is comprised of a variety of instruments that are made to sound by

striking or shaking:

The trumpet is the lowest in pitch of the brass family

False

The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra by Britten is based on a dance tune by Beethoven

False

Meter is the measurement of musical time

True

A melody combined with an ornamented version of itself, often heard in jazz, produces a texture known as

heterophony

Harmonic movement is generated by motion toward a goal or resolution

True

Disjunct motion describes melodies that skip in disjointed intervals

True

The special effect produced on a string instrument by plucking the string with the finger is called

pizzicato

The guitar is most likely of African origin

False

Flutes and whistles are classified as idiophones

False

Most compositions use one type of texture exclusively

False

Which of the following is a double reed instrument

the oboe

Forms are fixed molds into which composers force their material

False

Which of the following songs is in compound meter

Rock-a-bye Baby

Which historical event did NOT take place in the Renaissance

the writing of the Magna Carta

The singing leader in Jewish religious services is called

the cantor

A key refers to a group of related tones with a common center, a tonic, toward which the tones gravitate

True

The Renaissance saw the growth of solo instrumental music, especially for lute and keyboard instruments

True

The term a cappella refers to choral music performed_______ .

without any instrumental accompaniment

The texts for madrigals are generally drawn from the fixed poetic meters

False

The raga, or scale pattern Bhimpalasi, varies in its ascending and descending forms

True

Which religious figure is praised in the text of Hildegard's Alleluia, O virga mediatrix

the Virgin Mary

Who is the Greek god of music?

Apollo

Women poet-musicians in southern France were called Minnesingers

False

The overall form of the Kyrie to Du Fay's L'homme arme Mass is ternary, or A-B-A

True

The upper voice parts of the Pope Marcellus Mass were sung by boy sopranos or adult males with high voices

True

The dominant is an example of an active chord, which can cause tension in music until resolved

True

The three most important triads used in diatonic harmony are

I, IV, and V

The Roman Catholic Mass for the Dead is the Magnificat

False

Instruments participated in the performance of madrigals, either by doubling or by substituting for a vocal line

True

The raga, or scale pattern Bhimpalasi, varies in its ascending and descending forms

True

Which composer responded to the reforms of the Council of Trent in an exemplary fashion

Palestrina

Renaissance painters preferred symbolism to realism

False

The service in the Roman Catholic Church that symbolically reenacts the sacrifice of Christ is

the Mass

what does NOT describe Gabrieli's O quam suavis:

a cappella performance

The High Middle Ages witnessed

the building of great cathedrals,the founding of universities, and the rise of the bourgeoisie

In addition to composing music, Hildegard of Bingen is known for:

visions that foretold the future, founding her own convent and writing religious poetry

The value we place on music today is part of our ancient heritage

True

The vivid depiction of the text through music, known as word painting, is a hallmark of

the madrigal

Although feudal society was male-dominated, the status of women was raised by prevailing attitudes of chivalry and devotion to the cult of the Virgin Mary

True

Which of the following characterizes Monteverdi's madrigal Ecco mormorar l'onde

careful musical pictorialization of specific images

Which was NOT a function of secular music in medieval court life

devotional services

Claudio Monteverdi's career spanned both the Renaissance and Baroque periods

True

A key refers to a group of related tones with a common center, a tonic, toward which the tones gravitate

True

The dominant is an example of an active chord, which can cause tension in music until resolved

True

A sharp will lower the tone by a half step

False

Which of the following does NOT make frequent use of pentatonic scales

Western art music

Mout me fu grief/Robin m'aime/Portare has three voices, each with the same text

True

After the Protestant revolt of the early sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic Church responded with a movement to recapture the loyalty of its people

This was known as: the Counter-Reformation

Which of the following was a lively circle or line dance, often performed outdoors

ronde

In Western music, the octave is divided into how many equal intervals

twelve

During the late sixteenth century, the principal center for polychoral singing was

St: Mark's of Venice

Secular music in the Renaissance was performed only by professional musicians

False

What characterizes the minor scale

It has a lowered third degree

A setting of plainchant with many notes per syllable is called syllabic

False

What characterizes humanism

thinking centered on human issues and individuality, inspiration from the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome, and independence from traditional and religion

Instruments participated in the performance of madrigals, either by doubling or by substituting for a vocal line

True

The earliest operas took their plots from

Greek mythology

The overall form of the Kyrie to Du Fay's L'homme arme Mass is ternary, or A-B-A

True

Bach wrote his Musical Offering for

Frederick the Great:

Dido's lament from Purcell's Dido and Aeneus is a da capo aria

True

The three main keyboard instruments of the Baroque were the harpsichord, organ, and piano

False

The libretoo for Handel's oratorio Messiah is a compilation of verses from the Bible

True

Bach completed just over one hundred cantatas in his lifetime

False

The French rondeau led directly to the rondo of the eighteenth century

True

The Renaissance saw the growth of solo instrumental music, especially for lute and keyboard instruments

True

What Baroque genre was the direct ancestor of the symphony

sonata da camera

During the late sixteenth century, the principal center for polychoral singing was

St: Mark's of Venice

Which of the following is noted as a reformer of eighteenth-century opera

Gluck

The approximate dates of the Baroque period are

1600-1750

Which does NOT characterize an oratorio

elaborate scenery

The expansion and reworking of a theme within a composition is called thematic development

True

All of the following are fast, lively dance types EXCEPT

the sarabande

Religion remained a driving force behind power struggles in the Baroque era

True

Johann Sebastian Bach lived a short, unhappy life and had no children

False

An early American polyphonic setting of a psalm or hymn in an imitative style is called

a fuging tune

The upper voice parts of the Pope Marcellus Mass were sung by boy sopranos or adult males with high voices

True

In earlier times, a composer's choice of key for a piece depended largely on the capabilities of the instruments for which it was intended

True

Vivaldi lived and worked in

Venice

Bach's passions are musical setting of the account of the Crucifixion by one of the four Evangelists

True

As a reaction to the grandiose gesture of the Baroque, the Rococo style was a miniature and ornate art aimed at enchantment of the senses

True

The harpsichord is different from the piano because

it usually has two keyboards, rather than one, its strings are plucked rather than struck, it is not capable of a wide dynamic range

During the Baroque era, some boy singers were castrated to preserve the high register of their voices, allowing them to sing high-pitched operatic roles

True

The term trio sonata refers to the number of parts, or musical lines, rather than the number of players

True

Jean-Joseph Mouret died a celebrated, wealthy artistic hero

False

A theme may be fragmented by dividing it into smaller units called_____

motives

Late in life, Handel turned his efforts from opera to

the oratorio

It was through the musical innovations of the __________ that opera was born

Florentine Camerata

Which composer responded to the reforms of the Council of Trent in an exemplary fashion

Palestrina

The group of early Baroque writers, artists, and musicians whose aim was to resurrect the musical drama of ancient Greece was known as

The Florentine Camerata

Secular music in the Renaissance was performed only by professional musicians

False

Claudio Monteverdi's career spanned both the Renaissance and Baroque periods

True

In the Baroque era, music centered on frequent changes of mood

True

Which best describes how Baroque musicians made a living

as servants to royalty or nobility, as members of the church, and as employees of a free city

Which two instruments would most likely have played the basso continuo in the Baroque era

cello and harpsichord

A fugue is a form exclusively for solo keyboard performance

False

What is NOT a major choral work by Bach

Messiah

The Baroque era was an age of political freedom and democracy

False

A sinfonia is a short instrumental passage that facilitates scene changes

True

In London, Handel composed operas in Italian

True

In opera, the lyric melodies that release emotional tension are called recitatives

False

A short phrase repeated over and over in the bass is called

a ground bass

What is the typical form of a Scarlatti sonata

one-movement binary form

The opening movement of Bach's cantata A Mighty Fortress Is Our God is best described as

a fugal chorale

The orchestra plays a prominent role in the second movement of Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No

2: False

Which best describes the form of the final love duet in The Coronation of Poppea

A-B-B-A, with ground bass

The French overture is composed in three sections

False

What is the form of the individual movements in a suite

binary

Barbara Strozzi was probably trained as a courtesan, in singing, lute playing, and writing poetry

True

What does NOT characterize Vivaldi's concertos The Four Seasons

They avoid ritornello form

While playing the basso continuo, musicians in the Baroque era improvised on the figured bass

True

The chaconne is a variation form based on a repeated succession of harmonies

True

The role of the chorus was especially important in the oratorio

True

The Roman Catholic Mass for the Dead is the Magnificat

False

Purcell's opera, Dido and Aeneus, was composed for

a girls' school production in Chelsy:

Corelli's trio sonatas served as models for the establishment of the church and chamber sonata

True

In a fugue, the areas of relaxation where the subject is not heard are called

episodes

The only basic rule of theme and variations form is that the theme must always be easily heard

False

The instrument which Mozart played and for which he wrote many concertos was

the piano:

The American Declaration of Independence reflects the intellectual climate of the Classical era

True

Mozart is remembered today as________

the most gifted child prodigy in the history of music

Which best describes the form of the first movement of Mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik

sonata-allegro

In the nineteenth-century symphony, the minuet was often replaced by the scherzo

True

The classical attitude toward art is considerably more objective than the Romantic

True

Modern scientists have shown that listening to Mozart

helps with solving math problems

The famous four-note figure at the beginning of Beethoven's Symphony No 5 is best described as

a motive

Ancient people (the Greeks and Romans, especially) believed that music had no effect on the body

False

A string quartet consists of

2 violins, viola, and cello

The three main sections of sonata-allegro form are the exposition, development, and

recapitulation

The Classical string quartet literature follows the same basic formal design as the symphony and sonata

True

What best describes the opening of the first movement of Mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik

a march-like character

Romantic elements can be found in the late works of Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven

True

In sonata-allegro form, the section that features the most tension and drama through modulation and motivic interplay is called

the development

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