Nervous System Outline & Study Guide

111 terms by NanaCynthiaBurton

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Medical Language for modern Health Care Chapter 10

trans-

across

-ia

abnormal condition

a-

without

-ic

pertaining to

polio-

gray matter

-cide

kill

hydro-

water

-pathy

disease

con-

with, together

-cele

hernia

ad-

to, toward

-graphy

recording

ant-

against

-esis

(abnormal) condition

MS

multiple sclerosis

EEG

electroencephalogram

polio-

poliomyelitis

CT

computed tomography

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

CVA

cerebrovascular accident

CVA common term

stroke

LSD

lysergic acid diethylamide

TIA

transient ischemic attack

TIA common term

small stroke

TB

tuberculosis

TBI

traumatic brain injury

syn-

together

sym-

together

-ism

a process

astrocyte

star shaped connective tissue or star shaped cell

dermatome

instrument to cut

ataxia

condition without coordination or movement

antiepileptic

pertaining to against seizures

narcolepsy

seizure, stupor

meningitis

inflammation of the meninges

encephalitis

inflammation of the brain

spina bifida

no vertebral arch is formed

Huntington's disease

mild personality order in ages 30 to 50

Alzheimer's

most common form of dementia

syncope

fainting or passing out

hematoma

bruise

neuralgia

nerve pain

herpes zoster

chicken pox

anencephaly

without brain hemisphere

carpal tunnel

nerve at wrist is compressed by wrist bone and ligament

hydrocephalus

fluid on the brain causing enlarged head

fetal alcohol syndrome

FAS

shaken baby syndrome

brain injury caused by baby being shaken

astrocytoma

brain tumor derived from astrocytes

migraine

severe headache confined to one side of the head

concussion

mild head injuries

insomnia

inability to sleep

disability

diminished capacity to perform certain functions

anesthetic

agent that causes a loss of feeling or sensation

glioma

glial cell tumors

syncope

fainting

cranial

pertaining to the skull

medulla oblongata

where the brain stem connects with the spinal cord

lumbar puncture

how to obtain a CSF specimen

endorphin

body's natural pain killer

TIA

short term strokes

chronic

a persistent, long term disease

Bell palsy

paralysis on one side of the face

neur/o

nerve, nerve tissue

PNS

peripheral nervous system

ANS

autonomic nervous system

auto-

self, same

-al

pertaining to

-morphin

morphine

-apse

clasp

-cyte

cell

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid

micro-

small

-glia

glue

-um

tissue, structure

epi-

upon, above

-oid

resemble

synapses

the junction between two nerve cells

acetylcholine

chemical that stimulates muscles to contract

norepinephrine

chemical that stimulates, found in brain and spinal cord

serotonin

chemical involved with mood, anxiety and sleep

dopamine

chemical in smal areas of the brain

endorphins

chemical around brainstem that is body's natural pain reliever

frontal lobe

behind forehead

parietal lobe

above ears

temporal lobe

behind ear and below frontal and parietal

occipital lobe

back of head

thalamus

decussate sensory impulses are received and channeled to the brain

hypothalamus

regulates blood pressure, body temperature, water & electrolyte balance, hunger & body weight, sleep and wakefulness and movements & secretions of the digestive tract

basal nuclei

gray matter controlling voluntary musclular movements

limbic system

controls emotional experience

brainstem

2 major areas, pons and medulla oblongata

cranial nerves

have 12 pairs of nerves that arise from the brain

meninges

three layers that cover the brain and spinal cord

dementia

not a disease

cerebral palsy is considered

a type of paralysis

convulsions

synonym for seizures

sensory input

seeing, touching, smelling, tasting, and feeling from receptors both conscious and subconsious

motor output

muscle contraction, blood vessel contraction and production of sweat, salive, and digestive enzymes

evaluationi and integration

process sensory inputs, initiate motor response and store event in memory

homeostasis

the balance of responding by stimulating responses

mental activity

so you can think, feel, understand, respond and remember

neurotransmitter

chemical agaent that relays messages from one nerve cell to another

functions of the nervous system

sensory input, motor output, evaluation & integration, homeostasis, mental activity

SI would stand for what function of the nervous system

sensory input

E& I would stand for what function of the nervous system

evaluation and integratoin

what are the _______ input and ______ output of the nervous systems functions

sensory and motor

the nervous system functions to provide _________ activity

mental

examples of neurotransmitters

acetylcholine, noreepinephrine, serotonin, dopamine, endorphins

four lobes are the

frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital

name the brain regions

thalamus, hypothalamus, limbic, basal nuclei, and brainstem

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