Medical Term 2

Created by drakesmommy12 

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THR

Total Hip Replacement

BUN

blood uria nitrogen

TRAM

transverse rectus abdominus muscle flap

D & C

Dilation and curettage

US

ultrasound

GTT

Glucose Tolerance Test

PTH

Parathryroid Hormones

TIA

Transient Ischemic Attack

Extension

Increase the angle of a joint

Lordosis

Abnorman, inward curvature of a portion of the lower portion of the spine

scoliosis

abnormal, lateral curvature of the spine, either to the left or right

comminuted

bone has broken or splintered into pieces

Paget Disease

chronic inflammation of bones, resulting in thickening and softening of bones (AKA osteitis deformans)

Orthpedics

Branch of medicine concerned with prevention, diagnoses, care and treatment of muscoskeletal disorders

osteoporosis

common metabolic bone disorder in the elderly, particularly postmenopausal women and esp women over 60

osteoarthritis

most common form of arthritis

arthroplasty

surgical repair of joints

patellectomy

removal of the patella

sequestrectomy

excision of the sequestrum

urethra

tube that discharges urine from the bladder

glomerulus

tuft of capillares, inside the bowman capsule

renal corpuscle

composed of the glomerus and bowman capsule

hematuria

blood in the urine

diuresis

increased formation and secretion of urine

enuresis

involuntary discharge of urine; also called incontinence

incontinence

involuntary disharge of urine

Wilms Tumor

Rapidly developing malignant neoplasm of the kidney that usually occurs in children

hesitancy

difficulity starting urine

pyuria

pus in the urine

polycystic kidney disease

inherited disease in which sacs of fluid called cysts develop in the kidney

laparoscopy

visual examinations of hte abdominal cavity with a laparoschope through one of more small incisions in the abdominal wall, usually at the imbilicus

estrogens

treat symptoms of menopause through hormone replacement therapy

vas deferens

narrow tube that passes through the inguinal canal into the abdominal cavity

phimosis

stenosis or narrowing of foreskin to that it cannot be retracted over the glans penis

urethrostenosis

stricture or narrowing of the urethra

urethrography

radiography of the urethra

salpingitis

inflammation of the fallopian tubes

Testicular torsion

spontaneous twisting of a testicle within the scrotum, leadin to ta decrease in blood flow to the affected testicle

Graves Disease

multisystem autoimmune disorder charecterized by pronounced hyper-thryoidism usually associated with enlarged thyroid gland and exophthalmos

Diabetes mellitus

chronic metabolic disorder of impaired carbohydrate, protein, fat metabolism due to insufficient production of insulin or the bodys inability to use insulin properly

tetany

spasms

acromegaly

rare hormonal disorder in adulthood, usually caused by GH-secreting pituitary tumor that promotes the soft tissue and bones of the face, hands and feet to grow larger than normal

addison disease

uncommon chronic disorder caused by a deficiency of cortical hormones, results when adrenal cortex is damaged or atrophied

glucose tolerance test

screening test in which a dose of glucose is administered and blood samples are taken afterward at regular intervals to determine how quickly glucose is cleared from blood

magnetic resonance imaging

noninvasive imaging technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field, rather than an xray beam to produce multiplanar cross sectional images

central nervous system

consists of brain and spinal cord

epilepsies

chronic or recurring seizure disorders

herpes zoster

acute inflammatory eruption of highly painful vesicles on the trunk of the body or, occasionaly, the face also call shingles

radiculopathy

also call radiculitis, an infammation of the nerve root associated with the spinal column

dyslexia

inablility to learn and process written language, despite adequate intelligence, sensory ability and exposure

myelomeningocele

most severe form of spina bifida in which the spinal cord and meninges protrude through the spine

trephination

technique that cuts a circular opening into the skull to reveal brain tissue and decrease intracranial pressure

cyrosurgery

process of freezing tissue to destroy cells; also called cryocautery

thatlamotomy

partial destruction of the thalamus to treat intractable pain; involuntary movements, including tremors in Parkinson disease; or emotional disturbances

decompression

surgery to remove cause of pressure

lumbar puncture

needle puncture of the spinal cavity to extract spinal fluid for diagnostic purposes, introduce anesthetic agents into the spinal canal, or remove fluid to allow other fluids to be injected; also called spinal puncture or spinal tap

antidepressants

treat multiple symptoms of depression by increasing levels of specific neurotransmitters

refraction

ability to bend light rays as they pass from one medium to another

ossicles

the three smallest bones in the human body; the malleus, the incus and the stapes

canal of schlemm

circular canal lying the substance of the sclerocorneal junction of the eye and draining the aqueous humor from the anterior chamber into the veins draining the eyeball

vertigo

sensation of spinning motions either of oneself or of the surroundings

presbyopia

form of farsightedness; loss of accommadation of the crystalline lens associated with the aging process

tinnitus

perception of ringing, hissing, or other sounds in the ears or head when no external sound is present

merniere disease

disorder of the labyrinth taht leads to progressive loss of hearing

otitis externa

infection of the external auditory cananl; aka swimmers ear

epiphora

abnormal overflow of tears

evisceration

removal of the contents of the eye while leaving the sclera and cornea intact

dacryocystography

radiographic imaging procedure of the nasolacrimal glands and ducts

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